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Resilienz aus wirtschaftsgeographischer Perspektive: Impulse eines „neuen“ Konzepts

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Multidisziplinäre Perspektiven der Resilienzforschung

Part of the book series: Studien zur Resilienzforschung ((STRE))

Zusammenfassung

Der Begriff der Resilienz erfährt aktuell eine starke Resonanz in der Wirtschaftsgeographie. Das Platzen der Dotcom-Blase und die Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise Ende der 2000er Jahre werfen Fragen dazu auf, wie ökonomische Krisen entstehen und wie sie vermieden oder gemeistert werden können. Auch Herausforderungen des Klimawandels, der Ressourcenverknappung oder des demographischen Wandels wirken sich auf ökonomische Systeme aus. Staaten und Regionen sind von Krisen nicht nur in unterschiedlichem Maße betroffen, auch ihre Reaktionen darauf unterscheiden sich erheblich. Einige gehen gestärkt aus Krisen hervor, andere werden in ihrer Entwicklung zurückgeworfen, und wieder andere scheinen kaum betroffen zu sein. Ist dieser Umstand begründet in einer unterschiedlich starken Resilienz? Und wenn ja, welche Prozesse bedingen oder beeinflussen eine mehr oder weniger starke Resilienz von räumlichen Einheiten?

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Auch wenn der Begriff Umweltbedingungen gebräuchlicher ist, wird er hier vermieden, um Missverständnissen vorzubeugen, da dieser Begriff im Deutschen meist einen ökologischen Bezug beinhaltet.

  2. 2.

    Der Begriff „Marshall-Externalitäten“ umschreibt die Potentiale in einer regionalen Agglomeration, mit zunehmender Anzahl der Unternehmen und ihrer Verknüpfungen durch die Übertragung von Wissen zwischen Unternehmen mit entsprechender kognitiver Nähe überproportional zu wachsen, und geht auf Argumente von Alfred Marshall zurück (Marshall 1920/2011)

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Strambach, S., Klement, B. (2016). Resilienz aus wirtschaftsgeographischer Perspektive: Impulse eines „neuen“ Konzepts. In: Wink, R. (eds) Multidisziplinäre Perspektiven der Resilienzforschung. Studien zur Resilienzforschung. Springer, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-09623-6_12

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