One of the most pressing health challenges of the early 21st century is the promotion of physical activity (PA). Indubitably, the world’s population is currently dealing with a decrease in PA. This reduction is provoked mostly by irreversible changes in ways of life connected to phenomena like urbanisation and an increase in technology (Astrand, 1994, p. 101). The lack of PA has proven to be one of the principal causes (Kohl et al., 2012, p. 294; WHO, 2006, p. 3) for the escalation of some noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs), which are leading causes of death for both men and women worldwide (Yach, Hawkes, Gould, & Hofman, 2004, p. 2616).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU DortmundDortmundGermany

Personalised recommendations