Provisional Status and Precarious Work. Customizing Immigrants, Commodifying Migrant Labour

Chapter
Part of the Politikwissenschaftliche Paperbacks book series (POLWIPB)

Résumé

Historiquement, le Canada a toujours défendu les principes et les pratiques de l’immigration de masse. Cependant, les textes de base du programme d’immigration canadien tendent de plus en plus à personnaliser la sélection d’immigrants selon deux modes. D’un côté, on recherche intensément des immigrants haut de gamme (‘à bas coût, mais à haut rendement’) en leur accordant un statut de résidents permanents. D’un autre côté, on se concentre sur des travailleurs étrangers temporaires (TET) désignés et sur demande dont la dénomination ‘travailleurs invités’ révèle le statut provisoire et les perspectives professionnelles précaires. Cet article met en avant que l’obligation faite par le Canada de personnaliser la sélection d’immigrants en commercialisant le secteur professionnel migratoire représente un point de départ important et inquiétant. La création d’une troisième voie d’immigration – l’immigration haut de gamme à côté d’une immigration désignée et sur demande – renforce la dépendance croissante d’(im)migrants qui ne sont plus des citoyens construisant le Canada, mais de la main-d’œuvre commercialisée. Aussi valide que puisse être cette analyse, l’article met en garde contre le fait d’en déduire un changement de paradigme imminent. Plus précisément, la conciliation des demandes du marché de travail à court terme avec l’objectif de construire le Canada à long terme pourrait refléter un paradigme de correction du marché en alignant l’agenda d’immigration fédérale avec des idées néolibérales. L’expansion d’un agenda d’immigration personnalisée ajoute non seulement un facteur racial à la répartition sociale émergente en plus de celui de la résidence, l’éducation et des compétences. En commercialisant le travail migratoire, le Canada risque aussi de répéter les mêmes fautes en matière de migration qu’ont commises les pays européens à l’époque.

Keywords

Migration Europe Insurance Coverage Transportation Income 

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departement of Social and Legal StudiesUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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