Advertisement

Gründungswahlen

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Der weitverbreitete Gebrauch des Begriffs Gründungswahl ist zu einem großen Teil der wegweisenden Studie Transition from Authoritarian Rule von O’Donnell, Schmitter und Whitehead (1986) zu verdanken. In ihrer Untersuchung der Art und Weise, wie aus einer Autokratie eine Demokratie wird, betonen O’Donnell und Schmitter die Bedeutung der ersten freien Wahl nach einer autokratischen Herrschaftsperiode.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Bermeo, Nancy (1987): Redemocratization and transition elections. A comparison of Spain and Portugal. Comparative Politics 19(2): 213-231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bielasiak, Jack (1997): Substance and process in the development of party systems in East Central Europe. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 30(1): 23-44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bogdanor, Vernon (1990): Founding Elections and Regime Change. Electoral Studies 9(4): 288-294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campbell, Angus;Converse, Philip E.;Miller, Warren E. und Stokes (1966): Elections and the Political Order. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  5. Coppedge ; Michael und Gerring; John mit Altmann; David ; Bernhard ; Michael ; Fish ; Steven ; Hicken ; Allen ; Kroenig ; Matthew ; Lindberg ; Staffan I. ; McMann ; Kelly ; Paxton ; Pamela ; Semetko ; Holli A. ; Skaaning ; Svend Erik; Staton, Jeffrey, und Teorell, Jan (2011): Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: A New Approach. Perspectives on Politics 9(2): 247-267.Google Scholar
  6. Dalton, Russell J.;Flanagan, Scott C. und Beck (Hrsg.) (1984): Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Realignment or Dealignment? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, S. 3–22.Google Scholar
  7. O’Donnell, Guillermo, Schmitter, Philippe C. und Whitehead, Laurence (Hrsg.) (1986): Transitions from Authoritarian Rule. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  8. O’Donnell, Guillermo and Schmitter, Philippe C. (1986): Transitions from Authoritarian Rule. Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gasiorowski, Mark J. (1996): An Overview of the Political Regime Change Dataset. Comparative Political Studies 29(4): 882-897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huntington, Samuel P. (1991): The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
  11. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) (2002): Voter Turnout since 1945. A Global Report. Stockholm: International IDEA.Google Scholar
  12. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) (2004): Voter Turnout in Western Europe since 1945. Stockholm: International IDEA.Google Scholar
  13. Key, Vladimer O. (1955): A Theory of Critical Elections. The Journal of Politics 17(1): 3-18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (1994): Die Entstehung wettbewerbsorientierter Parteiensysteme in Osteuropa. In Zapf, Wolfgang, und Dierkes, Meinolf (Hrsg.) (1994): Institutionenvergleich und Institutionendynamik. Berlin: edition sigma, S. 13–38.Google Scholar
  15. Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (2005): Post-autocratic party systems and the regime cleavage in new democracies. In van Beek, Ursula J. (Hrsg.): Democracy under Construction: Patterns from Four Continents. Bloomfield Hills: Barbara Budrich Publishers, S. 95–135.Google Scholar
  16. Klingemann, Hans-Dieter, und Taylor, Charles Lewis (Hrsg.) (1996-2012): Founding Elections in Eastern Europe. Series. Berlin: edition sigma.Google Scholar
  17. Lindberg, Staffan I. (2006): Democracy and Elections in Africa. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Merkel, Wolfgang (2010): Systemtransformation. Eine Einführung in die Theorie und Empirie der Transformationsforschung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2., überarb. u. erw. Aufl.Google Scholar
  19. Pettai, Vello (2012): Elections in Estonia, 1990-1992: Transitional and Founding. Analysis, Documents and Data. Berlin: edition sigma.Google Scholar
  20. Przeworski, Adam (1991): Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Reich, Gary M. (2004): The Evolution of New Party Systems: Are Early Elections Exceptional? Electoral Studies 23(2): 235-250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Reich, Gary M. (2001): Coordinating Party Choice in Founding Elections: Why Timing Matters. Comparative Political Studies 34: 1237–1263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shain, Yossi und Linz, Juan J. (1995): Between States: Interim Governments and Democratic Transitions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Taagepera, Rein, und Shugart, Matthew Soberg (1989): Seats and Votes. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Taylor, Charles Lewis (2002): Political Parties and Elections in the New Democracies. In ; Fuchs, Dieter; Roller, Edeltraud, und Weßels, Bernhard (Hrsg.): Bürger und Demokratie in Ost und West. Studien zur politischen Kultur und zum politischen Prozess. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, S. 213–226.Google Scholar
  26. Turner, Arthur W. (1993): Postauthoritarian Elections. Testing Expectations About „First“ Elections. Comparative Political Studies 26(3): 330-349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weßels, Bernhard (2005): „Founding Elections“ der erweiterten EU und europäische Integration. In Alber, Jens, und Merkel, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Europas Osterweiterung: Das Ende der Vertiefung? Berlin: edition sigma, S. 231–251.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB)BerlinDeutschland

Personalised recommendations