Literature review

  • Bernadette Gral
Part of the BestMasters book series (BEST)


In the review of literature the theories concerning organizational slack and its effect on various organizational aspects are debated. The literature review is structured as follows. First the concept of organizational slack is discussed in detail. In this regard, definitions of organizational slack from prior literature and commonly used categorizations are described. In addition, the role of slack as well as its antecedents, measurement and possible utilization are explained. In the next section the author addresses the effect of slack on performance. In this context, potentially intervening variables on the relationship of the two factors are identified from existing literature. Finally, in the last section of the literature review the relationship of slack and performance is discussed in the context of external threat. Specifically, the recent financial crisis is brought up as an example of high external uncertainty and scarcity of financial resources.


Risk Taking Entrepreneurial Orientation Political Behavior Cash Holding Dividend Payout 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für ManagementFH OberösterreichSteyrAustria

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