Process Synthesis of Palm-Based Symbiotic Bioenergy Park

Conference paper


This chapter presents a systematic approach for designing a palm-based symbiotic bioenergy park (SBP). In an SBP, material and energy exchanges among the processing facilities are facilitated to promote more sustainable operations in the palm oil industry. In this work, fuzzy optimisation is adapted to account for the individual economic interests of multiple parties in an SBP. The optimum network configuration which achieves the economic targets can be determined prior to detailed design.


Processing Plant Empty Fruit Bunch Fuzzy Goal Fuzzy Optimisation Industrial Symbiosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The financial support from Global Green Synergy Sdn. Bhd., Malaysia and University of Nottingham Research Committee through New Researcher Fund (NRF 5021/A2RL32) are gratefully acknowledged. In addition, authors would also like to acknowledge financial support from Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia through LRGS Grant (project code: 5526100) and Commission on Higher Education PHERNet Sustainability Studies Program, Philippines.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering/Centre of Excellence for Green TechnologiesThe University of NottinghamSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Center for Engineering and Sustainable Development ResearchDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines

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