Eta-based Conditional Mean Spectrum, a New Design Spectrum for Industrial Facilities
The target spectrum which has been used most frequently for the seismic analysis of structures is the Uniform Hazard Response Spectrum (UHRS). The joint occurrence of the spectral values in different periods, in the development of UHRS, is a key assumption which remains questionable. The Conditional Mean Spectrum (CMS) has been recently developed by Baker et al. as an alternative for UHRS. The CMS provides the expected response spectrum conditioned on the occurrence of the target spectral acceleration value in the period of interest which can be accounted as an improvement of the UHRS. In order to enhance the CMS, the correlation between the Peak Ground Velocity (PGV) and the spectral acceleration values has been investigated in the current study, and finally, a newer form of target spectrum has been proposed. It is shown that the emerged new spectrum, named Eta-based Conditional Mean Spectrum (E-CMS), is more efficient than the conventional CMS in order to enhance the UHRS, especially in the case of industrial facilities.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Seed, H. B.; Lee, K. E.: Liquefaction of saturated sand during cyclic loading. J. Soil Mech. and Found. Div., ASCE, 92 (SM6), 1966, 105-134.Google Scholar
- Cudmani, R. ; Osinov V. A.; Bühler M. M.; Gudehus G.: A model for the evaluation of liquefaction susceptibility in layered soils due to earthquakes. In: Proceedings 12th Panamerican Conference on SMGE, Vol.1, 2003, 969-977.Google Scholar
- Seed, H. B.; Idriss, I. M.: Simplified procedure for evaluating soil liquefaction potential; Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE}, Vol. 107, No. SM9, 1970, 1249-1274.Google Scholar
- Niemunis, A.: Extended hypoplastic models for soils; Institut für Grundbau und Bodenmechanik der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, No. 34; 2003.Google Scholar
- Zienkiewicz O. C.; Chan A. H. C.; Pastor M.; Schrefler B. A.; Shiomi T.: Computational geomechanics with special reference to earthquake engineering. Chichester, Wiley; 1999.Google Scholar
- Ishihara, K.: Therzaghi oration: Geotechnical aspects of the 1995 Kobe earthquake; in Proceedings of 14th ICSMFE; 1997, 2047-2073.Google Scholar
-  Elgamal,,A-W.; Zeghal, M.; Parra, E.: Liquefaction of reclaimed island in Kobe, Japan; J. Geot. Eng. Div., ASCE, 122(1); 1996, 39-49.
- Cudmani, R.; Cudmani, R.O.: Numerical study of the soil-structure interaction during strong earthquakes; in proceedings 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada; Paper Nr. 2959; 2004.Google Scholar