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Current situation of offshore development in Germany and environmentally sound expansion of offshore wind energy

  • Simone van Leusen
Chapter

Abstract

In September 2010, the German government adopted the national Energy Concept, a roadmap for an environmentally friendly, reliable and affordable energy supply up to the year 2050. The importance of this goal increased further when in the wake of the Fukushima incident in 2011, Germany decided to phase out nuclear energy. The German government’s target is for the installation of 10 GW of wind power off the German coast by 2020, rising to 25 GW by 2030. The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) which is responsible for licensing offshore wind power projects in the German Exclusive Economic Zone, has so far granted 33 licences for offshore windfarms. Considerable effort goes into ensuring the environmentally sound expansion of offshore wind energy.

Keywords

Wind Turbine Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessment Offshore Wind Offshore Wind Turbine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature

  1. BMWi/BMU (2010). Energiekonzept 2050. Eine Vision für ein nachhaltiges Energiekonzept auf Basis von Energieeffizienz und 100 % erneuerbaren Energien. Erstellt vom Fachausschuss “Nachhaltiges Energiesystem 2050” des Forschungsverbunds Erneuerbare Energien. Juni 2010. 68 p.Google Scholar
  2. BSH (2013). Standard Investigation of the Impacts of Offshore Wind Turbines on the Marine Environment (StUK4). Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Hamburg und Rostock, 86 p.Google Scholar
  3. BSH (2008). Standard Ground Investigations for Offshore Windfarms. Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Hamburg und Rostock, 40 p.Google Scholar
  4. BSH (2007). Standard Design of Offshore Wind Turbines. Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, Hamburg und Rostock, 48 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone van Leusen
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Maritime and Hydrographic AgencyHamburgGermany

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