Democratisation and Social Democracy: The emergence of a complex party family

  • Hans Keman
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

The democratisation of national states in the 19th century brought about civil and political rights on the individual and collective level. This development allowed for the transformation of workers’ movements into organised labour by means of centralized trade unions and the emergence of socialist parties. The strategy of organised labour until, but also after, the First World War has been the attainment of male, and often later universal suffrage.

Bibliography

  1. Abendroth, Wolfgang. 1965. Sozialgeschichte der europäischen Arbeiterbewegung. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.Google Scholar
  2. Armingeon, Klaus. 1994. Staat und Arbeitsbeziehungen. Ein internationaler Vergleich. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartolini, Stefano, and Peter Mair. 1990. Identity, Competition and Electoral Availability: The Stabilisation of European Electorates 1885–1985. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bartolini, Stefano. 2000. The Class Cleavage. The electoral Mobilisation of the European Left 1880–1980. Cambridge (Mass.): Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Beyme, Klaus von. 1977. Gewerkschaften and Arbeitsbeziehungen in kapitalistischen Ländern. München: Piper Verlag.Google Scholar
  6. Beyme, Klaus von. 1985. Political Parties in Western Democracies. Aldershot: Gower.Google Scholar
  7. Bonoli, Giuliano, and Martin Powell (eds.). 2004. Social Democratic Party Policies in Contemporary Europe. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Bull, Martin, and Martin Rhodes (eds.). 2009. Italy – a contested polity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Castles, Francis G. 1978. The Social Democratic Image of Society. A Study of the Achievements and Origins of Scandinavian Social Democracy in Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  10. Castles, Francis G. 1985. The Working Class and Welfare: Reflections on the Political Development of the Welfare State in Australia and New Zealand, 1890–1980. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  11. Crouch, Colin, and Alessandro Pizzorno (eds.). 1978. The Resurgence of Class Conflict in Western Europe since 1968. London & Basingstoke: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  12. Cuperus, Rene, Karl A. Duffek, and Johannes Kandel (eds.). 2001. Multiple Third Ways. European Social Democracy facing the Twin Revolution and the Knowledge Society. Amsterdam/Berlin/Wien: Friedrich- Ebert-Stiftung, Wiardi Beckman Stichting, Renner Institut.Google Scholar
  13. Dahl, Robert. 1984. Polyarchy, Pluralism and Scale, Scandinavian Political Studies, Volume 7(4):225–240.Google Scholar
  14. Delwit, Patrick. 2005. Social Democracy in Europe. Brussels: Université Libre de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  15. Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 1985. Polities against Markets. The Social Democratic Road to Power. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Esping-Andersen, Gøsta, and Kees van Kersbergen. 1992. Contemporary Research on Social Democracy. Annual Review of Sociology 18: 187–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hobsbawm, Eric J. 1976. Labouring Men. Studies in the History of Labour. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.Google Scholar
  18. Huber, Evelyne, and John D. Stephens. 1998. Internationalization and the Social Democratic Model. Comparative Political Studies 31(3):353–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Keman, Hans. 1990. Social Democracy and the Politics of Welfare Statism. The Netherlands’ Journal of Social Sciences 26(1):17–34.Google Scholar
  20. Keman, Hans. 1993. Theoretical Approaches to Social Democracy. Journal of Theoretical Politics 5(3):291–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Keman, Hans. 2003. Explaining Miracles: Third Ways and Work & Welfare. West European Politics 26(2):115–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Keman, Hans, and Paul Pennings. 2006. Competition and Coalescence: Social Democracy and Christian Democracy moving into the 21th Century. Swiss Political Science Review 12(2):95–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Keman, Hans. 2008. Contemporary Approaches to Social Democracy: Old Wines in New Bottles. European Political Science 7: 494–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kersbergen, Kees van. 2003. The Politics and Political Economy of Social Democracy. Acta Politica 38(3):255–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kitschelt, Herbert. 1994. The Transformation of European Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Korpi, Walter. 1983. The Democratic Class Struggle. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  27. Lee, Stephen J. 2002. Dictatorships – 1918–1945 (3rd ed.). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Lichtheim, George. 1970. A Short History of Socialism. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson.Google Scholar
  29. Linz, Juan. 1978. The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Crisis, Breakdown and Reequilibration. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Lipset, Seymour M., and Stein Rokkan. 1967. Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives. New York & London: The Free Press & Collier-MacMillan.Google Scholar
  31. Lipset, Seymour M. 1983. Radicalism or Reformism: The Sources of Working-Class Polities. International Political Science Review 77: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lorwin, Val R. 1967. Working Class Politics and Economic Development in Western Europe. In Labour and Working Conditions in Modern Europe, ed. Val R. Lorwin, 58–72. London: Collier-MacMillan.Google Scholar
  33. Maddison, Angus. 1991. Dynamic Forces in Capitalism. A Long-Run Comparative View. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Mair, Peter. 2002. In the Aggregate: Mass Electoral Behaviour in Western Europe, 1950–2000. In Comparative Democratic Politics. A Guide to Present Theory and Research, ed. Hans Keman, 122–140. London: Sage Publishers.Google Scholar
  35. Marks, Gary. 1982. Trade Unions in Politics. Ph. D. Dissertation, Stanford (Cal.).Google Scholar
  36. Merkel, Wolfgang. 2001. The Third Ways of Social Democracy. In Multiple Third Ways. European Social Democracy facing the Twin Revolution of Globalisation and the Knowledge Society, eds. René Cuperus, Karl Duffek, and Johannes Kandel, 27–62. Amsterdam/Berlin/Wien: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Wiardi Beckman Stichting, Renner Institut.Google Scholar
  37. Merkel , Wolfgang , Christoph Egle, Christian Henkes, Tobias Ostheim, and Alexander Petring. 2006. Die Reformfähigkeit der Sozialdemokratie. Herausforderungen und Bilanz der Regierungspolitik in Westeuropa. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  38. Meyer, Thomas. 2007. The Theory of Social Democracy. Oxford: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  39. Padgett, Stephen, and William E. Paterson. 1991. A History of Social Democracy in Postwar Europe. London and New York: Longman.Google Scholar
  40. Paterson, William E., and Alistair H. Thomas (eds.). 1977. Social Democratic Parties in Western Europe. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  41. Paterson, William E., and Alistair H. Thomas (eds.). 1986. The Future of Social Democracy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  42. Pelinka, Anton. 1980. Sozialdemokratie in Europa. Wien and München: Verlag Herold.Google Scholar
  43. Pennings, Paul. 1999. European Social Democracy between Planning and Market: A Comparative Exploration of Trends and Variations. In Journal of European Public Policy 6(5):743–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Piven, Frances F., and Richard Cloward. 1979. Poor People’s Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
  45. Przeworski, Adam, and Henri Teune. 1970. The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. New York/London/ Toronto/Sydney: Wiley Interscience.Google Scholar
  46. Przeworski, Adam. 1985. Capitalism and Social Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Przeworski, Adam, and John Sprague. 1986. Paper Stones. A History of Electoral Socialism. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  48. Sassoon, David. 1996. One Hundred Years of Socialism. The West European Left in the 20th Century. London: Fontana Press.Google Scholar
  49. Sassoon, David. 1998. Fin-de-Siècle Socialism. Some historical reflections. In European Social Democracy: Transformation in Progress, eds. René Cuperus, and Johannes Kandel, 29–38. Amsterdam: Wiardi Beckman Stichting; Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and Renner Institut.Google Scholar
  50. Scharpf, Fritz W. 1991. Crisis and Choice in European Social Democracy. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Schmidt, Manfred G. 1982. Wohlfahrtsstaatliche Politik unter bürgerlichen und sozialdemokratischen Regierungen. Ein internationaler Vergleich. Frankfurt a.M.: Campus.Google Scholar
  52. Schmidt, Manfred G. 2002. The impact of political parties, constitutional structures and veto players on public policy. In Comparative Democratic Politics. A Guide to Contemporary Theory and Research, ed. Hans Keman,166–184. London: Sage Publishers.Google Scholar
  53. Schmidt, Manfred G. 2005. Demokratietheorien. Eine Einführung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  54. Shalev, Michael. 1983. The Social Democratic Model and Beyond: Two Generations of Comparative Research on the Welfare State. Comparative Social Research 6: 315–51.Google Scholar
  55. Shonfield, Andrew. 1982. The Use of Public Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Stephens, John D. 1979. The Transition from Capitalism to Socialism. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  57. Therborn, Göran. 1977. Capital and Suffrage. New Left Review 103: 3–42.Google Scholar
  58. Therborn, Göran. 1984 The Prospects of Labour and the Transformation of Advanced Capitalism. New Left Review 145: 5–38.Google Scholar
  59. Volkens, Andrea. 2004. Policy Changes of European Social Democrats, 1945–1998. In Social Democratic Party Policies in Contemporary Europe, eds. Guiliano Bonoli, and Martin Powell, 21–42. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  60. Wrong, Dennis H. 1990. Power Its Forms, Bases and Uses. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  61. Young, Walter. 1983. Canada: The Social Democracy of Provincial Government in a Federal System. In Social Democracy in the South Pacific, ed. Peter Davis, 48–70. Auckland: Ross.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Keman
    • 1
  1. 1.AmsterdamDeutschland

Personalised recommendations