Skip to main content

Veto Points and the Environment

Zusammenfassung

In this chapter on veto points and environmental policy, we engage with three areas of research to which Manfred G. Schmidt has made seminal contributions: the German political system, the historical development of the welfare state, and his engagement with democratic theory. A leitmotif of Schmidt’s work is both the role of political parties in fostering policy change and the institutional factors that cause policy blockages.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-01853-5_14
  • Chapter length: 13 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-658-01853-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   74.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Allan, James P., and Lyle Scruggs. 2004. Political Partisanship and Welfare State Reform in Advanced Industrial Societies. American Journal of Political Science 48(3):496–512.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Armingeon, Klaus. 2002. The Effects of Negotiation Democracy: A Comparative Analysis. European Journal of Political Research 41:81–105.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Armingeon , Klaus , Michelle Beyeler, and Harmen Binnema. 2002. The Changing Politics of the Welfare State – A Comparative Analysis of Social Security Expenditures in 22 OECD Countries, 1960–1998 [Internet]. 2001 [cited 10.02.2003 2002].

    Google Scholar 

  • Baumol, William J. 1972. On Taxation and the Control of Externalities. The American Economic Review 62(3):307–322.

    Google Scholar 

  • Becher, Michael. 2010. Constraining Ministerial Power: The Impact of Veto Players on Labor Market Reforms in Industrial Democracies, 1973–2000. Comparative Political Studies 43(1):43–60.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bergman, Torbjörn. 1995. Constitutional Rules and Party Goals in Coalition Formation. An Analyis of Winning Minority Governments in Sweden. Umeå: Umeå University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonoli, Giuliano. 2000. The Politics of Pension Reform: Institutions and Policy Change in Western Europe. 1 ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bonoli, Giuliano. 2001. Political Institutions, Veto Points, and the Process of Welfare State Adaptation. In The New Politics of the Welfare State, edited by P. Pierson. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chubb, John E., and Terry M. Moe. 1990. Politics, Markets & America’s Schools. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

    Google Scholar 

  • Däubler, Thomas. 2008. Veto Players and Welfare State Change: What Delays Social Entitlement Bills? Journal of Social Policy 37(4):683–706.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Dobbin, Frank, Beth A. Simmons, and Geoffrey Garrett. 2007. The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy. Social Construction, Coercion, Competition, or Learning? Annual Review of Sociology 33(1):449–472.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gehlbach, Scott, and Edmund J. Malesky. 2010. The Contribution of Veto Players to Economic Reform. The Journal of Politics 72(4):957–975.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Green-Pedersen, Christoffer. 2001. Welfare-State Retrenchment in Denmark and the Netherlands, 1982- 1998.The Role of Party Competition and Party Consensus. Comparative Political Studies 34(9):963–985.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hacker, Jacob S. 2002. The Divided Welfare State: The Battle over Public and Private Social Benefits in the United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Häusermann, Silja. 2010. The Politics of Welfare State Reform in Continental Europe: Modernization in Hard Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hoffmann, Robert. 2011. „Was lange währt…“ – Die Einführung des Einwegpfands in Deutschland. dms – der moderne staat 4(1):107–125.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holzinger , Katharina , Christoph Knill, and Thomas Sommerer. 2008. Environmental Policy Convergence? The Impact of International Harmonization, Transnational Communication and Regulatory Competition. International Organization 62(4):553–587.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Huber , Evelyne , Thomas Mustillo, and John D. Stephens. 2008. Politics and Social Spending in Latin America. The Journal of Politics 70(02):420–436.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Huber, Evelyne, Charles C Ragin, and John D Stephens. 1993. Social-Democracy, Christian Democracy, Constitutional Structure, and the Welfare-State. American Journal of Sociology 99(3):711–749.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Huber, Evelyne, and John D. Stephens. 2001. Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: Parties and Policies in Global Markets. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M., and Matthias Orlowski. 2011. Institutionen und Umweltpolitik in Deutschland. dms – der moderne staat 4(1):61–67.

    Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M. 1992a. The Rules of The Game: the Logic of Health Policy -Making in France, Switzerland and Sweden. In Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Perspective, eds. SvenSteinmo, Kathleen Thelen and Frank Longstreth, 57–89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M., and Karen M. Anderson. 2007. Editor’s Introduction: the Dynamics of Pension Politics. In The Handbook of West European Pension Politics, eds. Ellen M. Immergut, Karen M. Anderson and Isabelle Schulze, 1–45. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M. 1992b. Health Politics: Interests and Institutions in Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M. 2010. Political Institutions. In The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State, eds. Francis G. Castles, Stephan Leibfried, Jane Lewis, Herbert Obinger and Christopher Pierson, 227–240. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Immergut, Ellen M. 2011. Demokratietheorie und Staatstätigkeit: Vier Modelle von ‘Policy, Politics and Choice’. dms – der moderne staat 4(1):69–86.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jahn, Detlef. 2011. Conceptualizing Left and Right in comparative politics: Towards a deductive Approach. Party Politics 17(6):745–765.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jochem, Sven. 2009. Reformpolitik im Wohlfahrtsstaat: Deutschland im internationalen Vergleich. Berlin: LIT Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Katzenstein, Peter J. 1987. Policy and Politics in West Germany. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kitschelt, Herbert. 1986. Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies. British Journal of Political Science 16:57–85.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kittel, Bernhard, and Herbert Obinger. 2003. Political parties, institutions, and the dynamics of social expenditure in times of austerity. Journal of European Public Policy 10(1):20–45.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Knill, Christoph, and Andrea Lenschow. 1998. Coping with Europe: the impact of British and German administrations on the implementation of EU environmental policy. Journal of European Public Policy 5(4):595–614.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Knill, Christoph. 1998. European Policies: The Impact of National Administrative Traditions. Journal of Public Policy 18(1):1–28.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Knill, Christoph. 2001. The Europeanisation of National Administrations: Patterns of institutional change and persistence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Knill, Christoph, and Andrea Lenschow, eds. 2000. Implementing EU environmental policy: new directions and old problems. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Korpi, Walter, and Joakim Palme. 2003. New Politics and Class Politics in the Context of Austerity and Globalization: Welfare State Regress in 18 Countries, 1975–95. American Political Science Review 97(3):425–446.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lehmbruch, Gerhard. 2000. Parteienwettbewerb im Bundesstaat: Regelsysteme und Spannungslagen im politischen System der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 3., aktualisierte Auflage ed. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lijphart, Arend. 1968. The Politics of Accommodation: Pluralism and Democracy in the Netherlands. Berkeley: University of California Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lijphart, Arend. 1999. Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lindvall, Johannes. 2010. Power Sharing and Reform Capacity. Journal of Theoretical Politics 22(3):359–376.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Maioni, Antonia. 1998. Parting at the Crossroads: The Emergence of Health Insurance in the United States and Canada. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Murillo , Maria Victoria, and Cecilia Martinez-Gallardo. 2007. Political Competition and Policy Adoption: Market Reforms in Latin American Public Utilities. American Journal of Political Science 51(1):120–139.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • O’Reilly, Robert F. 2005. Veto Points, Veto Players, and International Trade Policy. Comparative Political Studies 38(6):652–675.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Obinger, Herbert. 1998. Federalism, Direct Democracy, and Welfare State Development in Switzerland. Journal of Public Policy 18(3):241–263.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Obinger, Herbert, Stephan Leibfried, and Francis G Castles (eds.). 2005. Federalism and the Welfare State: New World and European Experiences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Okun, Arthur M. 1975. Equality and Efficiency: The Big Trade Off. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

    Google Scholar 

  • Orlowski, Matthias, and Wolfgang Gründinger. 2011. Der Streit um heiße Luft – der Einfluss von Interessengruppen auf den EU-Emissionshandel. dms – dermoderne staat 4(1):127–150.

    Google Scholar 

  • Petring, Alexander. 2010. Reformen in Wohlfahrtsstaaten: Akteure, Institutionen, Konstellation. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Saalfeld, Thomas. 2003. Germany: Multiple Veto Points, Informal Coordination, and Problems of Hidden Action. In Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies, eds. Kaare Strom, Wolfgang C. Müller and Torbjörn Bergman, 347–375. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scharpf, Fritz W. 1985. Die Politikverflechtungs-Falle: Europäische Integration und deutscher Föderalismus im Vergleich. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 26(4):323–356.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scharpf, Fritz W. 1987. Sozialdemokratische Krisenpolitik in Europa. Frankfurt a.M., New York: Campus Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scharpf, Fritz W. 1989. Der Bundesrat und die Kooperation auf der “dritten Ebene”. In Vierzig Jahre Bundesrat, edited by Bundesrat.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schludi, Martin. 2005. The Reform of Bismarckian Pension Systems: A Comparison of Pension Politics in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G., and Reimut Zohlnhöfer. 2006. Rahmenbedingungen politischer Willensbildung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland seit 1949. In Regieren in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, eds. ManfredG. Schmidt and Reimut Zohlnhöfer, 11–29. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 1987. West Germany: The Policy of the Middle Way. Journal of Public Policy 7:135–177.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 1988. Sozialpolitik in Deutschland: Historische Entwicklung und internationaler Vergleich. 2 ed. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 1996. Germany: The Grand Coalition State. In Political Institutions in Europe, ed. Josep Maria Colomer, 57–94. London/New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 1997. Determinants of Social Expenditure in Liberal Democracies: The Post World War II Experience. Acta Politica 32:153–173.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 1999. Warum die Gesundheitsausgaben wachsen. Befunde des Vergleichs demokratisch verfasster Länder. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 40(2):229–245.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2000a. Immer noch auf dem “mittleren Weg”? Deutschlands Politische Ökonomie am Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts. In Von der Bonner zur Berliner Republik, eds. Roland Czada and Hellmut Wollmann, 491–513. Opladen: Leviathan Sonderheft 19/1999.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2000b. Reformen der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland: Lehren des historischen und internationalen Vergleichs. In Der deutsche Sozialstaat: Bilanzen – Reformen – Perspektiven, eds. Stephan Leibfried and Uwe Wagschal, 153–170. Frankfurt am Main: Campus.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2001. Ursachen und Folgen wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Politik. Ein internationaler Vergleich. In Wohlfahrtstaatliche Politik. Institutionen, politischer Prozess und Leistungsprofil, ed. Manfred G. Schmidt, 33–53. Opladen: Leske + Budrich.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2005. Sozialpolitik in Deutschland. Historische Entwicklung und internationaler Vergleich. Vol. 3., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2010a. Demokratietheorien. Eine Einführung. 5. Auflage. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Schmidt, Manfred G. 2010b. Parties. In The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State, eds. Francis G. Castles, Stephan Leibfried, Jane Lewis, Herbert Obinger and Christopher Pierson, 211–226. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schmitt, Carina, and Herbert Obinger. 2010. Verfassungsschranken und die Privatisierung öffentlicherDienstleistungen im internationalen Vergleich. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 51:643–664.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schultze, Charles L. 1977. The Public Use of Private Interest. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution. Seifert, Daniel. 2011. Die Geburtsstunde des Grünen Punktes. dms – der moderne staat 4(1):87–106.

    Google Scholar 

  • Swank, Duane. 2002. Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Thelen, Kathleen, and Sven Steinmo. 1992. Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics. In Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis, eds. Sven Steinmo, Kathleen Thelen and Frank Longstreth, 1–32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tsebelis, George. 1995. Decision Making in Political Systems: Veto Players in Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, Multicameralism and Multipartyism. British Journal of Political Science 25(3):289–325.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Tsebelis, George. 1999. Veto Players and Law Production in Parliamentary Democracies: An Empirical Analysis. American Political Science Review 93(3):591–608.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Volden, Craig, and Clifford J. Carrubba. 2004. The Formation of Oversized Coalitions in Parliamentary Democracies. American Journal of Political Science 48(3):521–537.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zohlnhöfer, Reimut. 2003. Der Einfluss von Parteien und Institutionen auf die Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik. In Politische Ökonomie: Demokratie und wirtschaftliche Leistungsfähigkeit, eds. Herbert Obinger, Uwe Wagschal und Bernhard Kittel, 47–76. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2013 Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Immergut, E., Orlowski, M. (2013). Veto Points and the Environment. In: Armingeon, K. (eds) Staatstätigkeiten, Parteien und Demokratie. Springer VS, Wiesbaden. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-01853-5_14

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-01853-5_14

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer VS, Wiesbaden

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-658-01852-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-658-01853-5

  • eBook Packages: Humanities, Social Science (German Language)