Advertisement

Eine "soziale Logik" der Demobilisierung: Einflüsse politischer Gesprächspartner auf Wahlbeteiligung und -enthaltung bei der Bundestagswahl 2009

  • Julia Partheymüller
  • Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Interaktion mit Personen des alltäglichen Umfelds beeinflusst nicht nur die Partei- und Kandidatenpräferenzen von Wählern (Huckfeldt, Johnson und Sprague 2004; Huckfeldt und Sprague 1995; Johnston und Pattie 2006; Schmitt-Beck 2000), sondern auch ihre Bereitschaft, sich politisch zu beteiligen. Bereits die frühen Columbia-Studien (Berelson, Lazarsfeld und McPhee 1954; Lazarsfeld, Berelson und Gaudet 1948) zeigten die große Bedeutung dieser "sozialen Logik der Politik" (Zuckerman 2005), jüngere Studien bestätigten sie mit weiterentwickeltem methodischem Instrumentarium für die Partei- bzw. Kandidatenwahl, zunehmend aber auch für die Wahlbeteiligung und andere Formen der politischen Partizipation (Johnston und Pattie 2006; Kenny 1992, 1993; McClurg 2003; Schmitt-Beck und Mackenrodt 2010; Zuckerman, Dasovi

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Berelson, Bernard R., Paul F. Lazarsfeld und William N. McPhee (1954): Voting. A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Berry, William D., Jacqueline H. R. DeMeritt und Justin Esarey (2010): "Testing for Interaction in Binary Logit and Probit Models. Is a Product Term Essential?", American Journal of Political Science 54: 248–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Caballero, Claudio (2005): "Nichtwahl", in Jürgen W. Falter und Harald Schoen (Hg.), Handbuch Wahlforschung, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, S. 329–364.Google Scholar
  4. van Deth, Jan W., und Sonja Zmerli (2010): "Introduction. Civicness, Equality, and Democracy – A ’Dark Side’ of Social Capital?", American Behavioral Scientist 53: 631–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Downs, Anthony (1968): Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie, Tübingen: Mohr.Google Scholar
  6. Eilfort, Michael (1994): Die Nichtwähler. Wahlenthaltung als Form des Wahlverhaltens, Paderborn: Schöningh.Google Scholar
  7. Fowler, James H. (2005): "Turnout in a Small World", in Alan S. Zuckerman (Hg.), Social Logic of Politics, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, S. 269–287.Google Scholar
  8. Gabriel, Oscar W., und Kerstin Völkl (2004): "Auf der Suche nach dem Nichtwähler neuen Typs. Eine Analyse aus Anlass der Bundestagswahl 2002", in Frank Brettschneider, Jan W. van Deth und Edeltraud Roller (Hg.), Die Bundestagswahl 2002. Analysen der Wahlergebnisse und des Wahlkampfes, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, S. 221–248.Google Scholar
  9. Gamson, William A. (1992): Talking Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gastil, John (2008): Political Communication and Deliberation, Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Gerber, Alan S., Donald P. Green und Christopher W. Larimer (2008): "Social Pressure and Voter Turnout. Evidence from a Large-scale Field Experiment", American Political Science Review 102: 33–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gerber, Alan S., Donald P. Green und Christopher W. Larimer (2010): "An Experiment Testing the Relative Effectiveness of Encouraging Voter Participation by Inducing Feelings of Pride or Shame", Political Behavior 32: 409–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gerber, Alan S., und Todd Rogers (2009): "Descriptive Social Norms and Motivation to Vote. Everybody’s Voting and So Should You", The Journal of Politics 71: 178–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huckfeldt, Robert R. (2001): "The Social Communication of Political Expertise", American Journal of Political Science 45: 425–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Huckfeldt, Robert R., Paul E. Johnson und John D. Sprague (2004): Political Disagreement. The Survival of Diverse Opinions within Communication Networks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huckfeldt, Robert R., und John D. Sprague (1991): "Discussant Effects on Vote Choice – Intimacy, Structure, and Interdependence", The Journal of Politics 53: 122–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huckfeldt, Robert R., und John D. Sprague (1995): Citizens, Politics, and Social Communication. Information and Influence in an Election Campaign, New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnston, Ron J., und Charles J. Pattie (2006): Putting Voters in their Place. Geography and Elections in Great Britain, New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kenny, Christopher B. (1992): "Political Participation and Effects from the Social Environment", American Journal of Political Science 36: 259–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kenny, Christopher B. (1993): "The Microenvironment of Political Participation", American Politics Research 21: 223–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kenny, Christopher B. (1994): "The Microenvironment of Attitude Change", The Journal of Politics 56: 715–728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kenny, Christopher B. (1998): "The Behavioral Consequences of Political Discussion. Another Look at Discussant Effects on Vote Choice", The Journal of Politics 60: 231–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. King, Gary, Michael Tomz, und Jason Wittenberg (2000): "Making the Most of Statistical Analyses. Improving Interpretation and Presentation", American Journal of Political Science 44: 347–361.Google Scholar
  24. Klofstad, Casey A. (2007): "Talk Leads to Recruitment. Discussions about Politics and Current Events Increase Civic Participation", Political Research Quarterly 60: 180–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Klofstad, Casey A. (2011): Civic Talk. Peers, Politics, and the Future of Democracy, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Knoke, David (1990): "Networks of Political Action. Towards Theory Construction", Social Forces 68: 1041–1063.Google Scholar
  27. La Due Lake, Ronald, und Robert Huckfeldt (1998): "Social Capital, Social Networks, and Political Participation", Political Psychology 19: 567–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lazarsfeld, Paul F., Bernard Berelson und Hazel Gaudet (1948): The People’s Choice. How the Voter Makes Up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Lazer, David, et al. (2010): "The Coevolution of Networks and Political Attitudes", Political Communication 27: 248–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leighley, Jan E. (1990): "Social Interaction and Contextual Influences on Political Participation", American Politics Quarterly 18: 459–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Levine, Jeffrey (2005): "Choosing Alone? The Social Network Basis of Modern Political Choice", in Alan S. Zuckerman (Hg.), The Social Logic of Politics. Personal Networks as Contexts for Political Behavior, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Lupia, Arthur, und Matthew D. McCubbins (1998): The Democratic Dilemma. Can Citizens Learn What They Need to Know?, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  33. McClurg, Scott D. (2003): "Social Networks and Political Participation. The Role of Social Interaction in Explaining Political Participation", Political Research Quarterly 56: 449–464.Google Scholar
  34. McClurg, Scott D. (2006): "The Electoral Relevance of Political Talk. Examining Disagreement and Expertise Effects in Social Networks on Political Participation", American Journal of Political Science 50: 737–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mutz, Diana C. (2002): "The Consequences of Cross-cutting Networks for Political Participation", American Journal of Political Science 46: 838–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nickerson, David W. (2008): "Is Voting Contagious? Evidence from Two Field Experiments", American Political Science Review 102: 49–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pattie, Charles J., und Ron J. Johnston (2002): "Political Talk and Voting. Does It Matter to Whom One Talks?", Environment and Planning 34: 1113–1135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Putnam, Robert (1993): Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Putnam, Robert D. (2000): Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community, New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  40. Rattinger, Hans et al. (2011): Zwischen Langeweile und Extremen. Die Bundestagswahl 2009, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Richey, Sean (2008): "The Autoregressive Influence of Social Network Political Knowledge on Voting Behaviour", British Journal of Political Science 38: 527–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rosenstone, Steven, und John M. Hansen (1993): Mobilization, Participation and Democracy in America, New York: Macmillan Publishing.Google Scholar
  43. Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger (2000): Politische Kommunikation und Wählerverhalten. Ein internationaler Vergleich, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger, Thorsten Faas und Ansgar Wolsing (2010): Kampagnendynamik bei der Bundestagswahl 2009. Die Rolling-Cross-Section-Studie im Rahmen der "German Longitudinal Election Study" 2009, Arbeitspapiere – Working Papers Nr. 134, 2010, Mannheim: Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung.Google Scholar
  45. Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger, und Christian Mackenrodt (2010): "Social Networks and Mass Media as Mobilizers and Demobilizers. A Study of Turnout at a German Local Election", Electoral Studies 29: 392–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger, Julia Partheymüller und Thorsten Faas (2012): "Einflüsse politischer Gesprächspartner auf Parteipräferenzen. Zur ’sozialen Logik’ des politischen Verhaltens bei der Bundestagswahl 2009", in Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck (Hg.), Wählen in Deutschland. Sonderheft 45 der Politischen Vierteljahresschrift, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, S. 477–501.Google Scholar
  47. Siegel, David A. (2009): "Social Networks and Collective Action", American Journal of Political Science 53: 122–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Timpone, Richard J. (1998): "Structure, Behavior, and Voter Turnout in the United States", The American Political Science Review 92: 145–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tomz, Michael, Jason Wittenberg und Gary King (2001): CLARIFY. Software for Interpreting and Presenting Statistical Results. Version 2.0, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  50. Verba, Sidney, Kay L. Schlozman und Henry E. Brady (1995): Voice and Equality. Civic Voluntarism in American Politics, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Wattenberg, Martin P. (2000): "The Decline of Party Mobilization", in Russell J. Dalton und Martin P. Wattenberg (Hg.), Parties without Partisans. Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, Oxford: Oxford University Press, S. 64–76.Google Scholar
  52. Wolf, Christof (2006): "Egozentrierte Netzwerke. Erhebungsverfahren und Datenqualität", in Andreas Diekmann (Hg.), Methoden der Sozialforschung. Sonderheft 44 der Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, S. 224–273.Google Scholar
  53. Zuckerman, Alan S. (Hg.) (2005): The Social Logic of Politics. Personal Networks as Contexts for Political Behavior, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Zuckerman, Alan S., Josip Dasović und Jennifer Fitzgerald (2007): Partisan Families. The Social Logic of Bounded Partisanship in Germany and Britain, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MannheimDeutschland

Personalised recommendations