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Atemversagen, Lungenschädigung

  • H. Burchardi

Zusammenfassung

Ein Atemversagen aus nichtpulmonalen Ursachen ist immer ein Pumpversagen, also hyperkapnisch durch alveoläre Hypoventilation. 20% aller ventilatorischen Pumpversagen haben extrapulmonale Ursachen. Die Pumpfunktion kann dabei auf verschiedenen Ebenen beeinträchtigt werden:
  • Störung des neuromuskulären Atemantriebs (z.B. zentrale Atemdepression, periphere Nervenschädigung, Muskeldystrophie).

  • Zunahme der Widerstände in der Pumpmechanik (z.B. Pleuraschwarte, obere Atemwegsobstruktion).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

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  • H. Burchardi

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