Combustion pp 237-244 | Cite as

Formation of Hydrocarbons and Soot

  • Jürgen Warnatz
  • Ulrich Maas
  • Robert W. Dibble


Hydrocarbons and soot predate NOx (Chapter 17) as pollutants from combustion. In earlier times, smoke from the factory smokestack was a sign of prosperity. In time it became a nuisance and finally a health concern. The remedy to the appearance of soot and smoke are the three “t’s” of combustion: time, temperature, and turbulence (Babcox and Wilcox, 1970). By allowing for more time at high temperatures with good mixing, one is usually assured of oxidizing soot and other hydrocarbons. However, these conditions also lead to a larger production of NO.


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Equivalence Ratio Flame Front Soot Formation High Hydrocarbon 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen Warnatz
    • 1
  • Ulrich Maas
    • 2
  • Robert W. Dibble
    • 3
  1. 1.Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Wissenschaftliches RechnenUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für InformationstechnikBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Dept. of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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