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Mitralstenose

  • H. Roskamm
  • H. Reindell
  • J. Barmeyer
  • P. Bubenheimer
  • Ch. Gohlke-Bärwolf
  • H. Gohlke
  • H. Eichstädt

Zusammenfassung

Die Mitralstenose ist einer der häufigsten isolierten Klappenfehler. Frauen erkranken etwa 2mal so oft wie Männer. Die Ursache dafür ist unbekannt. Die ersten klinischen Symptome des Vitiums treten meist zwischen dem 20. und 40. Lebensjahr auf. Frühere Manifestationen sind in den Zivilisationsländern selten, in Ländern wie Indien jedoch keine Ausnahme. Insgesamt scheint die Inzidenz der Mitralstenose wie auch anderer rheumatischer Klappenerkrankungen in den hoch entwickelten Zivilisationsländern parallel mit dem rheumatischen Fieber im Verlauf der letzten Dekaden abzunehmen (Clemmesen 1949), so daß nichtrheumatische Klappenfehler relativ mehr in den Vordergrund treten.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Roskamm
  • H. Reindell
  • J. Barmeyer
  • P. Bubenheimer
  • Ch. Gohlke-Bärwolf
  • H. Gohlke
  • H. Eichstädt

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