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Above-Threshold Ionization of Atoms

  • Nikolai B. Delone
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
Part of the Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 13)

Keywords

Principal Quantum Number Threshold Ionization Multiphoton Ionization Electron Energy Spectrum Dipole Matrix Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

In Chaps. 4 and 5 we considered the main features of two limiting cases of nonlinear atomic ionization: tunneling and multiphoton ionization. In the multiphoton limit we distinguished between the direct and resonance-enhanced (Chap. 6) ionization processes. However, the multiphoton limit has one more important peculiarity that is that the so-called process of above-threshold ionization can occur at external field strengths which are much less than the atomic field strength. The direct multiphoton process considered in Chap. 5 is a threshold process: ionization takes place by absorption of the minimum (threshold) number of photons required to satisfy the energy conservation law \(K = < {E_i}/\omega + 1 > \). Ionization occurring with absorption of a greater number of photons than K is the process of above-threshold multiphoton ionization.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai B. Delone
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgopzudny Moscow RegionRussia

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