Above-Threshold Ionization of Atoms

  • Nikolai B. Delone
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
Part of the Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 13)

Keywords

Microwave Delone 

Zusammenfassung

In Chaps. 4 and 5 we considered the main features of two limiting cases of nonlinear atomic ionization: tunneling and multiphoton ionization. In the multiphoton limit we distinguished between the direct and resonance-enhanced (Chap. 6) ionization processes. However, the multiphoton limit has one more important peculiarity that is that the so-called process of above-threshold ionization can occur at external field strengths which are much less than the atomic field strength. The direct multiphoton process considered in Chap. 5 is a threshold process: ionization takes place by absorption of the minimum (threshold) number of photons required to satisfy the energy conservation law \(K = < {E_i}/\omega + 1 > \). Ionization occurring with absorption of a greater number of photons than K is the process of above-threshold multiphoton ionization.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai B. Delone
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgopzudny Moscow RegionRussia

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