Histopathological, Immunofluorescent, and Electron-Microscopic Features of Hyperacute Rejection in Discordant Renal Xenotransplantation

  • I. R. Marino
  • S. Celli
  • G. Ferla
  • A. C. Stieber
  • N. Maggiano
  • P. Musiani


Limited availability of human organs for transplantation is the most immediate problem for the coming decade, now that organ transplantation has become a well-established treatment modality for end-stage disease of a number of sohd organs [1,3]. However, even if the survival rate has improved significantly [4], thanks to both improved techniques [5-8] and immunosuppressive therapy [9,10], a shortage of donor organs persists [11].


Tubular Epithelial Cell Hyperacute Rejection Cardiac Allograft Rejection Xenograft Rejection Basal Infoldings 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. R. Marino
  • S. Celli
  • G. Ferla
  • A. C. Stieber
  • N. Maggiano
  • P. Musiani

There are no affiliations available

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