Spectroscopy of Inner Electrons

  • Sune Svanberg
Part of the Springer Series on Atoms + Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 6)


In this chapter we will discuss spectroscopic methods that involve inner electrons [5.1]. Such electrons are much more strongly bound than outer electrons and the interaction energies become correspondingly high. Two kinds of methods are used to study inner electrons, those that are based on absorbed or emitted X-ray radiation (X-ray spectroscopy) and those dealing with energy measurements on emitted photo-electrons (photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sune Svanberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLund Institute of TechnologyLundSweden

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