Pathophysiologie der respiratorischen Störungen

  • H. Burchardi

Zusammenfassung

Für einen normalen pulmonalen Gasaustausch muß die effektive (d. h. die alveoläre) Ventilation jederzeit an den Bedarf des Organismus angepaßt werden. Adäquate Anpassung ist an der Elimination produzierten Kohlendioxids, also am arteriellen pCO2 abzulesen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Aubier M (1987) Role of respiratory muscles in weaning. In: Vincent JL (ed) Update in intensive care and emergency medicine, vol 3. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Toyko, pp 240–249Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benumof JL (1983) The pulmonary circulation. In: Kaplan JA (ed) Thoracic anesthesia. Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 249–285Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dantzker DR, Brook CJ, Dehart P et al. (1979) Ventilation-perfusion distributions in the adult respiratory distress syndrome. Am Rev Respir Di 120: 1039–1052Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Downing SE, Lee JC (1980) Nervous control of the pulmonary circulation. Ann Rev Physiol 42: 199–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hedenstierna G, Strandberg A, Brismar B et al. (1985) Functional residual capacity, thoracoabdominal dimensions, and central blood volume during general anesthesia with muscle paralysis and mechanical ventilation. Anesthesiology 62: 247–254PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jardim J, Farkas G, Prefaut C et al. (1981) The failling inspiratory muscles under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Am Rev Respir Dis 124: 274–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Juan G, Calverley P, Galamo C et al. (1984) Effect of carbon dioxide on diaphragmatic function in human beings. N Engl J Med 310: 874–879PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kales A, Vela-Bueno A, Kales JD (1987) Sleep disorders: Sleep apnea and narcolepsy. Ann Intern Med 106: 434–443PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lemaire F, Harf A, Teisseire BP (1985) Oxygen exchange across the acutely injured lung. In: Zapol WM, Falke KJ (eds) Acute respiratory failure. Dekker, New York Basel, pp 521–553Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Matthay MA (1987) Formation and clearance of pulmonary edema. In: Vincent JL (ed) Update in intensive care and emergency medicine, vol 3. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 95–108Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nunn JF (1987) Applied respiratory physiology, 3rd edn. Butterworths, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pride NB (1988) Applied physiology of the respiratory pump. Prax Clin Pneumol 42: 807–811Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Riley R, Courand A (1949) „Ideal” alveolar air and the analysis of ventilation-perfusion relationships in the lung. J Appl Physiol 1: 825–847Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rühle KH (1987) Schlaf und gefährdete Atmung. Thieme, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saunders NA, Sullivan C (1984) Sleep and breathing. Dekker, New York BaselGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sprung CL, Rackow EC, Fein IA et al. (1981) The spectrum of pulmonary edema: Differentiation of cardiogenic, intermediate and noncardiogenic forms of pulmonary edema. Am Rev Respir Dis 124: 718–722PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Staub NC (1974) „State of the Art“ Review. Pathogenesis of pulmonary edema. Am Rev Respir Dis 109: 358–372Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Staub NC (1978) Lung water and solute exchange. Dekker, New York BaselGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Strohl KP, Cherniak SN, Gothe B (1986) Physiologic basis of therapy for sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 134: 791–802PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Voelkel NF (1986) Mechanisms of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. Am Rev Respir Dis 133: 1186–1195PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    West JB (1974) Blood flow to the lung and gas exchange. Anesthesiology 41: 124–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    West JB (1975) New advances in pulmonary gas exchange. Anesth Analg 54: 409–418PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    West JB (1977) State of the art: Ventilation-perfusion relationships. Am Rev Respir Dis 116: 919–943PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Burchardi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations