Intraoperative angiography in carotid surgery

  • Klaus Balzer
  • J. D. Gruss
  • W. Lang
Conference paper


As the NASCET and ECST show carotid endarterectomy has proved to be highly effective in the prevention of ischemic stroke. For that, a stroke rate of less than 3 % and a death rate of less than 1 % is necessary. This makes intraoperative assessment of the completed operation mandatory. For this, intraoperative angiography is the most suitable, but some authors are claiming instead of an angiogramm that the angioscopy is more suitable.


Internal Carotid Artery Carotid Endarterectomy Carotid Stenosis Intimal Flap Carotid Surgery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Balzer
    • 1
  • J. D. Gruss
    • 2
  • W. Lang
    • 3
  1. 1.Gefäßchirurgischen KlinikEvangelischen KrankenhausMülheim an der RuhrGermany
  2. 2.Department for Vascular SurgeryKurhessisches Diakonissenhaus KasselGermany
  3. 3.Department for Vascular SurgeryUniversity of ErlangenGermany

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