What is dilated cardiomyopathy?
Cardiomyopathies are diseases of the myocardium with cardiac dysfunction not due to specific causes such as hypertension, congenital, valvular, coronary, arterial, or pericardial abnormalities. According to the definition of the WHO, primary cardiomyopathies are classified as dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (18). Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of chronic heart failure. The involved pathogenetic mechanisms, the incidence and exact time course of the disease are yet unknown. It may be idiopathic or familial/genetic although specific causes such as a viral and/or (auto)immune involvement of the heart have been recognized as a possible cause of the disease.
KeywordsPermeability Depression Ischemia Interferon Cardiomyopathy
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