The Art of the Science of the City

  • Angela M. Spence
Conference paper


The nature of a society influences not only the character of its towns and cities, but also the way that urban problems are perceived and how they are dealt with. A series of factors came together after the second World War to permit a significant change in the approach to urban planning, especially in north-western Europe. The need to replace slum housing and reconstruct war damaged cities provided the opportunity to find a more rational way of organising the built environment. The adoption of theories from locational economics and social science, among others, transformed town planning from a design-based craft to a ‘scientific’ activity (for a detailed analysis, see Batty; 1994).


City Centre Urban Planning Urban System Shopping Centre Urban Life 
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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela M. Spence

There are no affiliations available

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