Self-Referential Processes of Spatial Integration

  • Alfredo Mela
  • Giorgio Preto
Conference paper


The question we explore in this essay is one which has been in the background of the discussion of this whole book: to what extent can we justifiably speak of ‘city sciences’? Though expressed here in simple form, this question in reality raises two fundamental problems, as well as the relationship between the two.


Integration Process Urban System Local Society Spatial System Horizontal Integration 
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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo Mela
  • Giorgio Preto

There are no affiliations available

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