Simulation of Individual Behaviour

  • E. J. Swart
  • P. J. Plath
Conference paper
Part of the Beiträge zur Graphischen Datenverarbeitung book series (GRAPHISCHEN)

Abstract

It is becoming more and more apparent that social systems — especially human social systems — can be described by deterministic models [BAC90, BAK91, GAL89, WEH90]. There are examples of quite different types: technological and economic systems [SIL88, BAU89, EBE91, JIM80], behaviour in road traffic [KUE84] and also the global behaviour of people in states [LUH87, WEH90]. It is crucial that these deterministic models are based on average or expectation values of a large number of elementary entities. Within the scope of this view deviations from these values should be understood as fluctuations. In critical situations such fluctuations are, of course, able to affect the whole system and possibly to provide it with a new structure. Such fluctuations, however, are incompatible with a purely deterministic view. Fluctuations are random events and can therefore only be described probabilistically.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [WEH90]
    S. Wehowsky: GEO-WISSEN, Chaos und Kreativität, Heft 2 (1990) 152Google Scholar
  2. [BAC90]
    K. Bachmann: GEO-WISSEN, Chaos und Kreativität, Heft 2 (1990) 88Google Scholar
  3. [BAK91]
    P. Bak, K. Chen: Spektrum der Wissenschaft, Heft 3 (1991) 62Google Scholar
  4. [SIL88]
    G. Silverberg, G. Dosi, L. Orsenigo: The Economic Journal 98 (1988) 1032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [BAU89]
    W.J. Baumol, J. Benhabib: J.Economic Perspectives 3, 1 (1989) 77Google Scholar
  6. [EBE91]
    W. Ebeling: Syst.Anal.Model.Simul. 8, 1 (1991) 3MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. [CAL89]
    V. Calenbuhr, J.L.Deneubourg: Actes colllnsects Sociaux, 5 (1989) 207Google Scholar
  8. [KUE84]
    R. Kühne: Physik in unserer Zeit (1984) 84Google Scholar
  9. [LUH87]
    N. Luhmann: Soziale Systeme, Grundriß einer allgemeinen Theorie, Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft StW 666, Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main (1987)Google Scholar
  10. [JIM80]
    M.A. Jimenez Montano, W. Ebeling: Collective Phenomena 3 (1980) 107Google Scholar
  11. [WOL84]
    St. Wolfram: Physica 10D (1984) 1Google Scholar
  12. [TOF87]
    T. Toffoli, N. Margolus: Cellular Automata Machines, The MIT Press, Cambridge Mass., London Engl.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. J. Swart
    • 1
  • P. J. Plath
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität BremenBremenGermany

Personalised recommendations