Summary of Conductive Heat Flow in Iceland
The deep temperature distribution in Iceland is considerably disturbed by nonstationary effects such as water movement and volcanism. To estimate the conductive heat flow pattern a careful selection of holes for temperature gradient measurements is necessary. No direct thermal conductivity data of these respective holes exist, however a value of 1.7 W/m°C may be considered as a reasonable estimate. The surface distribution of heat flow is briefly discussed. The decrease of heat flow with distance from the axis of spreading is evident and corresponds to the general picture found in oceans near active ridges.
KeywordsConvection Europe Lithology
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