Lipoprotein Metabolism in Tissue Culture
That the different levels of high-density lipoprotein encountered in normal plasma of males and females could modulate differently the transendothelial transport of LDL and provide a possible explanation for the lesser incidence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in premenopausal females.
The second implication deals with the possible role of endothelial cells in the in vivo degradation of LDL. On the basis of certain measurements and calculations, one can estimate that the total mass of endothelial in a normal adult of 70 kg averages about 270 g. Assuming a protein content of endothelium of 15%, this will equal 40 g of endothelial protein. In culture, endothelial cells were shown to degrade 16–24 μg of LDL protein/mg cell protein/day, when presented with 600 μg of LDL protein/ml. Extrapolating these in vitro data to in vivo conditions, one can postulate that in a normal adult of 70 kg the total endothelial cell mass could degrade 0.64–0.96 g of LDL protein/day.
KeywordsCholesterol Ester Human Skin Fibroblast Cellular Cholesterol Tissue Culture Method Cytoplasmic Lipid Droplet
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