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Mutation

  • Reinhard W. Kaplan
Part of the Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 30)

Zusammenfassung

Das folgende, allgemeine Modell des Mutationsprozesses darf nun als gesichert angesehen werden: Durch äußere oder intracelluläre Faktoren entstehen zunächst lokale Änderungen in der DNS (bzw. RNS bei manchen Viren), die Prämutationen. Sie veranlassen bei der Replikation, je nach ihrer Natur mit großer oder kleiner Chance, den Einbau anderer als vorher vorhandener Nucleotide. Dadurch entsteht eine andere genetische Information, die weiter repliziert werden kann; die Mutation ist damit perfekt geworden. Das mutierte Basenmuster kann dann bei der Synthese des zugehörigen Proteins dessen Aminosäuremuster und dadurch dessen Funktion ändern, was schließlich im Zusammenwirken mit weiteren inneren oder äußeren Kausalfaktoren ein geändertes „sichtbares“ Erbmerkmal verursachen kann (aber nicht muß).

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin·Heidelberg 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhard W. Kaplan
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Mikrobiologie der UniversitätFrankfurt a. M.Deutschland

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