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Schock und Kollaps

  • E. Buchborn
Part of the Handbuch der Inneren Medizin book series (INNEREN, volume 9 / 1)

Zusammenfassung

Der Spruch des Heraklit vom Krieg als dem Vater aller Dinge oder des Hippokrates vom Krieg als dem Lehrmeister des Arztes gelten auch für das heute als Schock bezeichnete Zustandsbild. Seit der Mensch sein Dasein im Kampf behaupten muß, wurde die Integrität seines Organismus durch verschiedenste äußere Einwirkungen zumal traumatischer Art bedroht und bei genügender Intensität oder Dauer dieser Bedrohung im Schock lebensgefährlich gestört. Der geschichtliche Formwandel solcher Bedrohung bis hin zu den „friedlichen“Gefahren der heutigen Technik einschließlich der modernen Medizin für die Unversehrtheit des menschlichen Körpers, hat hieran nichts geändert. Auch wenn der viel häufigere „natürliche“Tod beinahe immer unter den Zeichen eines agonalen Schocks eintritt, weist es doch auf einen besonders evidenten Zusammenhang zwischen Schockzustand und Kampf oder Verwundung hin, daß die systematische Erforschung des Schocks am stärksten durch Kriegszeiten gefördert und vor allem in den beiden Weltkriegen vorangetrieben wurde.

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