Urban Ecology pp 528-532 | Cite as

Motor Vehicles and Sustainable Urban Transport — How Can this Conflict be Solved?

  • Rudolf Petersen


The growth in the number of automobiles causes environmental as well as other burdens to citizens and nature. Although exhaust emission and noise standards for automobiles were already introduced at the beginning of the seventies and have been significantly tightened since then, technical improvements achieved at the individual level have been overridden by the overall increase in the number of cars (OECD/ECMT 1995). Conditions for non-motorised modes of transport and for public transport are worsening (Newman, Kenworthy 1989).


Diesel Engine Exhaust Emission Internal Combustion Engine Toxic Emission Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Petersen
    • 1
  1. 1.Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and EnergyWuppertalGermany

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