• Albert Jacquard
Part of the Biomathematics book series (BIOMATHEMATICS, volume 5)


Genes are not perfectly unchanging entities: with a low, but not zero, frequency, a gene can change to another state, as a result of irradiation, chemical treatment, or simply because of an error in the process of chromosome replication. If such a change occurs in a line of cells which will give rise to gametes, then the new form of the gene can be transmitted to the offspring of the individuals in whom it arose. Thus an individual who received the alleles A i and A j at a locus at the time of his conception, can transmit a different allele, A k , to his offspring.


Mutation Rate Recurrent Mutation Neutral Mutation Congenital Dislocation Neutral Allele 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Further Reading

  1. Popham, R. E.: The calculation of reproductive fitness and the mutation rate of the gene for chondrodystrophy. Amer. J. Hum. Genet. 5, 73–75 (1953).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert Jacquard
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut National d’Etudes DémographiquesParisFrance

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