The anatomy, chemistry, and physiology of adrenocortical tissue

  • Zielen Wendler Deane
Part of the Handbuch der Experimentellen Pharmakologie book series (HEP, volume 14 / 1)


In this chapter, first the normal anatomical and then the normal chemical properties of adrenocortical tissue in the various classes of vertebrates are summarized. In the anatomical section, enough material is now at hand to justify separate descriptions of the gland in the different classes of vertebrates. In the chemical section, no attempt is made to treat the classes separately, since almost all chemical study has been made on mammalian glands. The final section aims to survey what we now know about the function of the gland, both in the so-called “normal” state and when secretion of its several hormones is enhanced or depressed. In this section, functional alterations indicated by morphological and chemical methods will be described in addition to those determined by more traditional physiological techniques. Most of the last section also deals with mammals; a short subsection on non-mammalian classes is appended.


  1. Aboim, A. N.: L’organe interrénal des sélaciens. Arch. port. Sci. biol. 7, 89–134 (1944).Google Scholar
  2. Aboim, A. N.: L’organe interrénal des cyclostomes et des poissons. Port. Acta biol. A 1, 353–383 (1946)Google Scholar
  3. Adams, E., and M. Baxter: Lipid fractions of human adrenal glands. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 48, 13–26 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Adams, W. E.: The development of the adrenals and sympathetic paraganglia in certain Madagascar insectivores. J. Embryo’. exp. Morph. 6, 575–588 (1958).Google Scholar
  5. Addis, T., and H. Gray: Body size and suprarenal weight. Growth 14, 81–92 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Adolf, E. F.: Quantitative relations in the physiological constitution of mammals. Science 109, 579–585 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Agate, F. J., JR.: The possible role of the adrenal cortex in fluid shifts in the hamster following renal damage. Ann N Y Acad. Sci. 55 (Art. 3), 404–411 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Alpert, M., H. A. Bern and E. Alfert: Hormonal influence on nuclear synthesis. III. On the effect of fixation on nuclear volume. Z. wiss. Mikr 62, 323–326 (1955).Google Scholar
  9. Allen, J. M.: A chemical and histochemical study of aliesterase in mouse adrenal cortex under hormonal influences and altered sodium intake. Endocrinology 61, 368–374 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Allen, J. M.: A chemical and histochemical study of aliesterase in the adrenal gland of the developing mouse. Anat. Rec. 132, 195–207 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Allen, J. M.: A chemical and histochemical study of DPN-diaphorase activity in the adrenal cortex of the developing mouse. Anat. Rec. 134, 385–395 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Allen, J. M.: Some enzymatic properties of the X-zone of the mouse adrenal gland studied by cytochemical methods. Anat. Rec. 136, 153 (1960).Google Scholar
  13. Allen, J. M. and J. J. Slater: Influence of hormones upon the distribution of alkaline phosphatase in mouse adrenal cortex. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 4, 112–117 (1956).Google Scholar
  14. Alpert, M.: Observations on the histopathology of the adrenal gland of the golden hamster. Endocrinology 46, 166–176 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Alpert, M.: Hormonal induction of deposition of ceroid pigment in the mouse. Anat. Rec. 116, 469–494 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Anderson, C. H., M. Mccallay and G. L. Farrell: The effects of atrial stretch on aldosterone secretion. Endocrinology 64, 202–207 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ando, T.: Adrenal structure and function with special reference to the relationship between zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata. Endocr. jap. 4, 35–56 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Angelico, R., and M. Quintilani: Effect of deficiency of pantothenic acid on the production in vitro of corticosteroids by the adrenal gland of the rat (in Italian). Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 31, 1308–1310 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Anson, B. J., E. W. Cauluwell, J. W. PICK and L. E. Beaton: The blood supply of the kidney, suprarenal gland, and associated structures. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 84, 313–320 (1947).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Arnesen, K.: Constitutional difference in lipid content of adrenals in two strains of mice and their hybrids. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 18, 396–401 (1955).Google Scholar
  21. Arnesen, K.: The adrenothymic constitution and susceptibility to leukemia in mice. Acta path. microbiol. scand., Suppl. 109 (1956).Google Scholar
  22. Arvy, L.,and A. Bonichon: Contribution à l’histoenzymologie de la gland surrénale chez Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 1759–1761 (1958).Google Scholar
  23. Ascoli, G., u. T. Legnani: Die Folgen der Exstirpation der Hypophyse. Munch. med. Wschr. 59, 518–521 (1912).Google Scholar
  24. Atkinson, W. B., and M. M. Dickie: Essential role of hypophysis in hypercorticism and hypeovarianism in DBA X CE and reciprocal mice. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 99, 267–269 (1958).Google Scholar
  25. August, J. T., D. H. Nelson and G. W. THORN: Aldosterone. New Engl. J. Med. 259, 967–971 (1958).Google Scholar
  26. Ayres, P. J., R. P. Gould, S. A. Simpson and J. F. Tait: The in vitro demonstration of differential corticosteroid production within the ox adrenal gland. Biochem. J. 63, 19P (1956).Google Scholar
  27. Ayres, P. J., J. Barlow, O. Garrod, S. A. S. Tait, J. F. Tait and G. Walker: Correlation of adrenal steroid concentrations and changes in electrolyte metabolism. Scand. J. clin. lab. Invest. Suppl. 31, 29–49 (1958).Google Scholar
  28. Bacchus, H.: Cytochemical study of the adrenal cortex of the rat under salt stresses. Amer. J. Physiol. 163, 326–331 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Bacchus, H.: Cytological distribution of cholesterol and ascorbic acid in the adrenal cortex of the rat exposed to cold. Anat. Rec. 110, 495–504 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Bacchus, H.: In vitro conversion of desoxycortisol to cortisol by adrenal tissues in ascorbic acid deficiency. Amer. J. Physiol. 188, 297–302 (1957a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Bacchus, H.: In vitro formation of a-ß-unsaturated ketones by adrenal tissues in ascorbic acid deficiency. Amer. J. Physiol. 188, 302–307 (1957 b).Google Scholar
  32. M. H. Heiffer and N. Altszuler: Cytochemical study of the adrenal cortex of the rat with experimental cardiac hypertrophy. Endocrinology 50, 264–268 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Bachmann, R.: Die Nebenniere. Handb. mikr Anat. Mensch. VI /5, 1–952 (1954).Google Scholar
  34. Bachmann, R.: Perjodsäure-Leukofuchsinreaktion (PAS-Reaktion) an der Nebenniere im Falle von Virilisms. Endokrinologie 32, 257–264 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Bachmann, R.: Struktur und Funktion in der Grenzsituation (am Beispiel Nebennierenrinde). Verh. anat. Ges., Jena 55, 194–205 (1958).Google Scholar
  36. Bacq, Z. M., and P. Fischer: Action du rayonnement X sur les surrénales du rat nouveau-né. Rev. belg. Path. 25, 384–387 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Badinez, O., and H. Croxatto: Histological modifications of the adrenal cortex in the rat treated with potassium chloride and sodium chloride (in Spanish). Bol. Soc. biol. Santiago 5, 40–43 (1948).Google Scholar
  38. Baecker, R.: Über die Nebenniere der Teleostier. Z. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 15, 204–273 (1928).Google Scholar
  39. Bahn, R. C., and D. Glich: The quantitative histological distribution of ascorbic acid in the adrenal gland of the rat and monkey. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 2, 103–109 (1954a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Bahn, R. C., and D. Glich: Effects of stress conditions, ACTH, cortisone and desoxycorticosterone on the quantitative histological distribution of ascorbic acid in the adrenal glands of the rat and monkey. Endocrinology 54, 672–684 (1954b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Bahn, R. C., J. Furth, E. Anderson and E. Gadsden: Morphologic and functional changes associated with transplantable ACTH-producing pituitary tumors of mice. Amer. J. Path. 33, 1075–1097 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Bahn, R. C., H. E. Storino and R. W. Schmit: The mass of the zona glomerulosa following complete anterior and posterior hypophysectomy and subtotal removal of the pars tuberalis in the dog. Endocrinology 66, 403–408 (1960).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Baïsset, A., L. Douste-Blazy, H. Planel et P. Montastruc: Cortex surrénal et diabète insipide expérimental. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 1867–1870 (1954).Google Scholar
  44. Baïsset, A., and P. Montastruc: Réduction de la sécrétion d’aldostérone sous l’effet d’une distention auriculaire. J. Physiol. (Paris) 51, 393–394 (1959).Google Scholar
  45. Baker, B. L.: A comparison of the histological changes induced by experimental hyperadrenalcorticalism and inanition. Recent Progr. Hormone Res. 7, 331–373 (1952).Google Scholar
  46. Baker, D. D.: Studies of the suprarenal glands of dogs. 1. Comparison of the weights of suprarenal glands of mature and immature male and female dogs. Amer. J. Anat. 60, 231–252 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Baker, D. D.: Comparison of the weights of suprarenals of dogs in oestrus, pregnancy and lactation. J. Morph. 62, 3–15 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Balfour, W. W., R. S. Comline and R. V. Short: Secretion of progesterone by the adrenal gland. Nature (Lond.) 180, 1480–1481 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Bänder, A.: Die Beziehungen des 24-Stunden-Rhythmus vegetativer Funktionen zum histologischen Funktionsbild endokriner Drüsen. Z. ges. exp. Med. 115, 229–250 (1950)Google Scholar
  50. Bargmann, W.: Über den Bau der Nebennierenvenen des Menschen und der Säugetiere. Z. Zellforsch. 17, 118–138 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Barnett, S. A., and G. Bourne: The distribution of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in the early stages of the developing chick embryo. J. Anat. (Lond.) 75, 251–264 (1940).Google Scholar
  52. Barnett, S. A., and R. B. Fisher: Experiments on the silver nitrate method for the histological demonstration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) J exp. Biol. 20, 14–15 (1943).Google Scholar
  53. Barrnett, R. J.: The distribution of esterolytic activity in the tissues of the albino rat as demonstrated with indoxyl acetate. Anat. Rec. 114, 577–600 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Bartter, F. C., G. W. Liddle, L. E. Duncan, JR., J. K. Barber and C. Delea: The regu-lation of aldosterone secretion in man: The role of fluid volume. J. clin. Invest. 35, 1306–1315 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Bartter, F. C., E. G. Biglieri, P. Pronove and C. S. Delea: Effect of changes in intravascular volume on aldosterone secretion in man. In: A. F. Muller and C. M. O’connor, Eds., An International Symposium on Aldosterone, 100–110. Boston: Little, Brown 1958.Google Scholar
  56. Barucci, M., and F. Mori: Modifications in cholesterol content of the adrenal of the guinea pig after electroshock (in Italian). Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 27, 1031–1032 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Baxter, J. S.: The growth cycle of the cells of the adrenal cortex in the adult rat. J. Anat. (Lund.) S0, 139, 146 (1946).Google Scholar
  58. Bean, W. B., R. E. Hodges and K. Daum: Pantothenic acid deficiency induced in human subjects. J. clin. Invest. 34, 1073–1084 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Beck, J. C., E. E. Mcgarry, I. Dyrenfurth and E. H. Venning: Metabolic effects of human and monkey growth hormone in man. Science 125, 884–885 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Beigelman, P. M., M. A. Slusher, G. G. Slater and S. Roberts: Effect of anesthetics and collection time on corticosteroid secretion by rat adrenal. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 93, 608–611 (1956).Google Scholar
  61. Bejdl, W.: Vergleichende Untersuchungen über die Verteilung der alkalischen Phosphatase in der Ur-und Nachniere sowie in der Nebenniere. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 61, 533–540 (1955).Google Scholar
  62. Bell, J. T., JR., and A. F. Weber: Lipid accumulation in the bovine adrenal cortex. Rec. 130, 270 (1958).Google Scholar
  63. Belt, W. D.: The origin of adrenal cortical mitochondria and liposomes: A preliminary report. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 4, 337–340 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Belt, W. D. and E. R. Hayes: An ultraviolet-Schiff reaction for unsaturated lipids. Stain Tech. 31, 117–122 (1956).Google Scholar
  65. Belt, W. D. and D. C. Pease: Mitochondrial structure in sites of steroid production. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 2, Suppl., 369–374 (1956).Google Scholar
  66. Bencze, W. L., and M. J. Allen: Structure of amphenone B and related amphenones. J. org. Chem. 22, 352–353 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Benirschke, K.: Adrenals in anencephaly and hydrocephaly. Obstet. and Gynec. 8, 412 to 425 (1956).Google Scholar
  68. Benirschke, K., E. Blocii and A. T. Hertig: Concerning the function of the fetal zone of the human adrenal gland. Endocrinology 58, 598–625 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Benner, M. C.: Studies on the involution of the fetal cortex of the adrenal glands. Amer. J. Path 16, 787–797 (1940).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Bennett, H. S.: The life history and secretion of the cells of the adrenal cortex of the cat. Amer. J. Anat. 67, 151–227 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Bennett, H. S. and L. Kilham: The blood vessels of the adrenal gland of the adult cat. Anat. Rec. 77, 447–472 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Bennett, H. S., J. H. Luft and J. C. Hampton: Morphological classification of vertebrate blood capillaries. Amer. J. Physiol. 196, 381–390 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Benua, R. S., and E. Howard: A carbonyl reaction differentiating the fetal zona reticularis of the human adrenal cortex from the mouse X zone. Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 86, 200–213 (1950).Google Scholar
  74. Bergner, G. E., and H. W. Deane: Effects of pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone on the intact rat, with special reference to cytochemical changes in the adrenal cortex. Endocrinology 43, 240–260 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Bergstrand, C. G.: The influence of testosterone propionate on the adrenal cortex of the infantile rabbit. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) Suppl. 8 (1952).Google Scholar
  76. Bern, H. A., S. Nandi, R. A. Campbell and L. E. Pissoti: The effects of hormones and other agents on weight change and on ceroid deposition induced by oestrogen administration and by hypophysectomy in the adrenal glands of BALB/c mice. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 31, 349–383 (1958).Google Scholar
  77. Bernstein, D. E.: Autotransplantation of the adrenal of the rat to the portal circulation: Effect of administration of sex hormones. Endocrinology 63, 765–767 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Bernstein, D. E.: Effect of administration of ACTH. Endocrinology 65, 343–346 (1959)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Beyer, K. F., and L. T. Samuels: Distribution of steroid-3ß-ol-dehydrogenase in cellular structures of the adrenal gland. J. biol. Chem. 219, 69–76 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Bimes, C., H. Planel and A. Guilhem: Variations pondérales et structurales de la surrénale du cobaye suivant l’age. C. R. Ass. Anat. 41, 738–752 (1954).Google Scholar
  81. Bimes, C., and P. Girard: Etude histologique et histophysiologique des lipofuscines de la glande surrénale du cobaye. C. R. Ass. Anat. 42, 325–338 (1955).Google Scholar
  82. Bimmer, E.: Metrische Untersuchungen über die Entwicklung der Nebenniere und der ihr benachbarten Organe bei Eidechsen. Anat. Anz. 97, 276–311 (1950).Google Scholar
  83. Birmingham, M. K., and E. Kurlents: Inactivation of ACTH by isolated rat adrenals and inhibition of corticoid formation by adrenocortical hormones. Endocrinology 62, 47–60 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Bishop, D. M., and J. H. Leathem: Response of prepuberal male mice to equine gonadotropin. Anat. Rec. 95, 313–320 (1946).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Blackman, S. S.: Concerning the function and origin of the reticular zone of the adrenal cortex. Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 78, 180–208 (1946).Google Scholar
  86. Bleiberg, M. J., and P. S. Larson: Studies on derivatives of 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1dichloroethane (DDD, TDE) with special reference to their effects on the adrenal cortex. J. Pharmacol. 121, 421–431 (1957).Google Scholar
  87. Bloch, E., K. Benirschke and E. Rosemberg: C19 steroids, 17 a-hydroxycorticosterone and a sodium retaining factor in human fetal adrenal glands. Endocrinology 58, 626–633 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Bloch, K.: The biological synthesis of cholesterol. Vitam. and Horm. 15, 119–151 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Blumenthal, H. T.: Aging processes in the endocrine glands of the guinea pig. I. The in-fluence of age, sex and pregnancy on the mitotic activity and the histologic structure of the thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 40, 264–269 (1945)Google Scholar
  90. Blumenthal, H. T. and L. Loeb: Two antagonistic effects of underfeeding on the adrenal cortex of the guinea pig. Amer. J. Path. 18, 615–632 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Boerner, D.: Die Beziehungen der ersten Anlage der Nebenniere und ihre Gefäße zueinander. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 59, 137–160 (1952/1953).Google Scholar
  92. Boguth, W., H. Langendorf, and. E. Tonutti: Zellkerngröße als Indikator der Funktions-beziehung Hypophyse-Nebennierenrinde. Med. Welt 20, 408–414 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Bois, P., and H. Selve: Enhancement by thyroxine of the adrenal-stimulating effect of somatotrophic hormone. J. Endocrin. 15, 171–179 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Bonati, B., G. C. Manfredi and G. B. Pancati: Metabolic and histochemical aspects of the adrenal after experimental inhibition by prednisone or prednisolone (in Italian). Minerva Med. (Torino) 48, 1908–1914 (1957).Google Scholar
  95. Botella Llusia, J.: Histophysiologie de la zone sexuelle de l’écorce surrénale. C. R. Soc. franç. Gynéc. 19, 17–24 (1949).Google Scholar
  96. Bourne, G.: Mitochondria and Golgi apparatus. In: G. Bourne, Ed., Cytology and Cell Physiology. London: Oxford Univ. Press 1942.Google Scholar
  97. Bourne, G.: The Mammalian Adrenal Gland. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1949.Google Scholar
  98. Bourne, G.: The histochemical dephosphorylation of riboflavin phosphate (flavin mono-nucleotide) and pyridoxal phosphate (co-decarboxylase). Quart. J. micr. Sci. 95, 359–369 (1954a).Google Scholar
  99. Bourne, G.: The histochemical dephosphorylation of certain sugar phosphates, a-naphthohydroquinone diphosphate and two chalcone diphosphates. Acta anat. 22, 289–300 (1954b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Bourne, G.: Aspects of the histochemistry of the adrenal cortex. Ciba Found. Coll. Endocrin. 8, 1–14 (1955).Google Scholar
  101. Brachet, J.: Biochemical Cytology, Chap. 6. New York: Academic Press 1957.Google Scholar
  102. Bragdon, D. E.: A contribution to the surgical anatomy of the water snake, Natrix sipedon; the location of the visceral endocrine organs with reference to ventral scutellation. Anat. Rec. 117, 145–161 (1953).Google Scholar
  103. Branin, M. L.: The development of the cortical adrenal in the four-toed salamander Hemidactylum (Schlegel). J. Morph. 60, 521–561 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Breneman, W. R.: Growth of the endocrine glands and viscera in the chick. Endocrinology 28, 946–954 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Brenner, R. M., D. I. Patt and L. C. Wyman: Cellular changes during adrenocortical regeneration in the rat. Anat. Rec. 117, 759–771 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Briggs, F. N., and W. Toepel: The effect of ACTH on the ascorbic acid concentration of adrenal venous plasma of the rat. Endocrinology 62, 24–29 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Brodish, A., and C. N. H. Long: Characteristics of the adrenal ascorbic acid response to adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) in the rat. Endocrinology 66, 149–159 (1960)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Brogi, M. P.: Resistance of rats with enucleated adrenals to intraperitoneal injection of a hypertonic glucose solution. J. Endocrin. 11, 344–349 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Brogi, M. P.: Role of the adrenal cortex regenerated after enucleation in the resistance against histamine shock. J. Endocrin. 13, 274–278 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Brogi, M. P., and C. Pellegrino: The secretion of corticosterone and aldosterone by the rat adrenal cortex regenerating after enucleation. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 146, 165–178 (1959).Google Scholar
  111. Brown, J. B., R. A. Knouff, M. M. Conlin and B. M. Schneider: Comparative lipid analyses of cortex and medulla of beef adrenals. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 37, 203–205 (1937).Google Scholar
  112. Brown, J. H. U., J. B. Griffin, R. B. Smith, III, and A. Anason: Physiologic activity of an adrenocorticolytic drug in the adult dog. Metabolism (Baltimore) 5, 594–600 (1956)Google Scholar
  113. Brown-Grant, K.: Thyroid function and adrenal weight in the rabbit. J. Endocrin. 17, 197–200 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Brownie, A. C., and J. K. Grant: The in vitro enzymic hydroxylation of steroid hormones. 3. An investigation of fumarate and pyridine nucleotides in the enzymic 1113-hydroxylation of 11-deoxycorticosterone. Biochem. J. 62, 29–33 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Browning, H. C.: Hormonal dependence of adrenal cortical tumors of CE and BALB/c mice in serial intraocular transfer. Cancer Res. 18, 781–789 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Brune, H., and. W. Eger: Der Einfluß von Adsorbentien (Bolus alba) auf wachsende Ratten bei der chronischen Vitamin D3-Vergiftung. Arch. Tierenähr. 5, 244–269 (1954).Google Scholar
  117. Buchem, F. S. P., H. Doorenbos and H. S. Elings: Primary aldosteronism due to adrenocortical hyperplasia. Lancet ii, 335–337 (1956).Google Scholar
  118. Bülbring, E.: The relation between cortical hormone and the size of the testis in the drake, with observations on the effect of different oils as solvents, and of desoxycorticosterone acetate. J. Pharmacol. 69, 52–63 (1940).Google Scholar
  119. Burgos, M. H.: Histochemistry and electron microscopy of the three cell types in the adrenal gland of the frog. Anat. Rec. 133, 163–185 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Burns, J. K., and A. J. Hale: The distribution of ribonucleic acid and some other substances in the adrenal cortex after administration of adrenocorticotrophin. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 146, 465–471 (1959).Google Scholar
  121. Burns, J. K., and W. C. Hutchison: The effect of adrenocorticotrophin on adrenal nuclei. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 135, 12–13 (1956).Google Scholar
  122. Buscs, W.: Die arterielle Gefäßversorgung der Nebenniere. I. Virchows Arch. Path. Anat. 324, 688–699 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Buss, I. E.: Species differences in adrenocortical secretion. J. Endocrin. 9, 95–100 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Buss, I. E., J. Swale and J. Patterson: Analysis of steroids in adrenal venous blood and in urine in a case of virilism. Biochem. J. 62, 16 P. (1956).Google Scholar
  125. Butler, L. C., and A. F. Morgan: Weight, ascorbic acid and cholesterol changes in adrenals of pyridoxine-deficient adult male rat. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 86, 264–266 (1954).Google Scholar
  126. Butler, L. C.: The content of adrenocorticotropic hormone in the pantothenic acid deficient female rat. Endocrinology 56, 322–326 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Cain, A. J.: On the significance of the plasmal reaction. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 90, 75–86 (1949a).Google Scholar
  128. Cain, A. J.: A critique of the plasmai reaction, with remarks on recently proposed techniques. Quart. J. mier. Sci. 90, 411–426 (1949b).Google Scholar
  129. Cain, A. J.: The histochemistry of lipoids in animals. Biol. Rev. 25, 73–112 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Cain, A. J., and R. G. Harrison: Cytological and histochemical variations in the adrenal cortex of the albino rat. J. Anat. (Lund.) 84, 196–226 (1950).Google Scholar
  131. Campbell, R. A., H. A. Bern and K. B. Deome: The adverse effect of oestrogens on the resistance of mice to stress. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 23, 49–59 (1956).Google Scholar
  132. Cardeza, A. F.: Histology of adrenal tumors in castrate rats (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 30, 200–209 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Carpenter, R. K., L. D. Macleod and M. Reiss: The effect of adreno-corticotrophic hormone on the respiratory metabolism of the adrenal cortex of the rat. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 105, 231–235 (1946).Google Scholar
  134. Carr, I. A.: Microvilli of the cells of the human adrenal cortex. Nature (Lond.) 182, 607–608 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Carroll, K. K.: Effect of dietary fats and oils on adrenal cholesterol. Endocrinology 48, 101–110 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Carroll, K. K.: Erucic acid as the factor in rape oil affecting adrenal cholesterol in the rat. J. biol. Chem. 200, 287–292 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Carroll, K. K., and R. L. Noble: Effects of feeding rape oil on some endocrine functions of the rat. Endocrinology 52, 476–486 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Carter, A. C., S. Weisenfeld and M. G. Goldner: Failure of 17 E-ethyl-19-nortestosterone to affect plasma 17-hydroxycorticosteroids and ACTH responsiveness in man. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 98, 593–594 (1958).Google Scholar
  139. Cascarano, J., and B. W. Zweifach: Comparative histochemical and quantitative study of adrenal and kidney tissue by tetrazolium technique. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 3, 369–381 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Case, J. F.: Adrenocortical-anterior-pituitary relationships during embryonic life. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 55 (Art. 2), 147–158 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Cater, D. B., and J. D. Lever: The zona intermedia of the adrenal cortex. A correlation of possible functional significance with development, morphology and histochemistry. J. Anat. (Lond.) 88, 437–454 (1954).Google Scholar
  142. Cater, D. B. and M. P. Stack-Dunne: The histological changes in the adrenal of the hypophysectomized rat after treatment with pituitary preparations. J. Path. Bact. 66, 119–133 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Cater, D. B. and M. P. Stack-Dunne: The rate of decay of mitotic activity in the adrenal cortex of the rat following hypophysectomy. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 127, 265–272 (1955a).Google Scholar
  144. Cater, D. B. and M. P. Stack-Dunne: The time of onset of mitotic activity in the adrenal cortex of the hypophysectomized rat following injections of growth hormone. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 127, 273–279 (1955b)Google Scholar
  145. Cater, D. B. and M. P. Stack-Dunne: The effects of growth hormone and corticotrophin upon the adrenal weight and adrenocortical mitotic activity in the hypophysectomized rat. J. Endocrinol. 12, 174–184 (1955c).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Celestino Da Costa, A.: Histophysiologie du cortex surrénal. Ann. Endocr. (Paris) 12, 361–403 (1951).Google Scholar
  147. Celestino Da Costa, A.: La sidérophilie des cellules cortico-surrénales; sa signification cytochimique. Verh. anat. Ges. Jena 50, 137–139 (1952).Google Scholar
  148. Cervino, J. M., J. M. Manaro, E. Pollak and A. Proto: Cushing’s syndrome from an adrenal tumor (in Spanish). Medicina (B. Aires) 7, 468–484 (1947).Google Scholar
  149. Chan, T. K.: Experimental adrenal hypertrophy. Acta physiol. pharm. neerl. 1, 413–487 (1950).Google Scholar
  150. Citang, G.-Y., and E. Witsohi: Independence of adrenal hyperplasia and gonadal masculinization in the experimental adrenogenital syndrome of frogs. Endocrinology 56, 597–605 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Chavin, W.: Pituitary-adrenal control of melanization in xanthic goldfish, Carassius auratus L. J. exp. Zool. 133, 1–45 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Chedid, L., and F. Boyer: Corticotrophines d’origine bactérienne. Mise en évidence de leur action, in vivo, chez le rat hypophysectomisé et in vitro par le test de Saffran. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 2664–2667 (1958a).Google Scholar
  153. Chedid, L., and F. Boyer: Pouvoir corticotrope spécifique des endotoxines. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 2801–2804 (1958b).Google Scholar
  154. Chedid, L., and F. Boyer: Pouvoir corticotrope spécifique d’un produit non toxique extrait d’une souche rugueuse de Salmonella typhi. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 2937–2940 (1958c).Google Scholar
  155. Chester Jones, I.: Variation in the mouse adrenal cortex with special reference to the zona reticularis and to brown degeneration, together with a discussion of the `cell migration’ theory. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 89, 53–74 (1948).Google Scholar
  156. Chester Jones, I.: The action of testosterone on the adrenal cortex of the hypophysectomized prepuberally castrated mouse. Endocrinology 44, 427–438 (1949a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Chester Jones, I.: The relationship of the mouse adrenal cortex to the pituitary. Endocrinology 45, 514–536 (1949b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Chester Jones, I.: The effect of hypophysectomy on the adrenal cortex of the immature mouse. Amer. J. Anat. 86, 371–404 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Chester Jones, I.: The disappearance of the X zone of the mouse adrenal cortex during first pregnancy. Proc. roy. Soc. B 139, 398–410 (1952).Google Scholar
  160. Chester Jones, I.: The Adrenal Cortex. Cambridge: University Press 1957.Google Scholar
  161. Chester Jones, I., and C. C. Roby: Some aspects of zonation and function of the adrenal cortex. I. The effects of hypophysectomy on the adrenal cortex of the adult male mouse. J. Endocrin. 10, 245–250 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Chester Jones, I., and A. Wright: III. Self selection after adrenal enucleation in rats. J. Endocrin. 10, 262–265 (1954a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Chester Jones, I., and A. Wright: IV. The histology of the adrenal in rats with diabetes insipidus. J. Endocrin. 10, 266–272 (1954b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Chester Jones, I., J. G. Phillips and W. N. Holmes: Comparative physiology of the adrenal cortex. In: A. Gorbman, Ed., Comparative Endocrinology, 582–612. New York: Wiley 1959.Google Scholar
  165. Chieffi, G.: The organogenesis of the interrenal and the medulla of the gonad in Torpedo ocellata and Scylliorhinus Canicula (in Italian). Pubbl. Staz. zool. Napoli 23, 185–199 (1952).Google Scholar
  166. Chieffi, G.: Contribution to the study of embryonic sex development. I. Histochemical study of the interrenal and the genital ridge in the tadpole of Rana esculenta (in Italian). Riv. Biol. 47, 439–452 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Christian, J. J.: Roles of endocrine and behavioral factors in the growth of mammalian populations. In: A. Gorbman, Ed., Comparative Endocrinology, 71–97. New York: Wiley 1959.Google Scholar
  168. Christianson, M., and I. Chester Jones: The interrelationships of the adrenal glands of mother and foetus in the rat. J. Endocrin. 15, 17–42 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Christy, N. P., A. Donn and J. W. Jailer: Inhibition by aminopyrine of adrenocortical activation caused by pyrogenic reaction. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 91, 453–456 (1956a).Google Scholar
  170. Christy, N. P., E. Z. Wallace and J. W. Jailer: Comparative effects of prednisone and of cortisone in suppressing the response of the adrenal cortex to exogenous adrenocorticotropin. J. clin. Endocrin. 16, 1059–1074 (1956b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Christy, N. P., W. E. L. Gordon and J. W. Jailer: On the rate of hydrocortisone clearance from plasma in pregnant woman and in patients with Laennec’s cirrhosis. J. clin. Invest. 38, 299–305 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Cinti, G., and E. Mignani: Phenomena of regeneration and behavior of the “subcapsular blastema” following aseptic wounds of the adrenal cortices (in Italian). Arch. De Vecchi Anat. pat. 12, 949–966 (1949).Google Scholar
  173. Clark, W. G., E. L. Brackney and R. A. Miliner: Adrenalectomy in frogs and toads. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 57, 222–224 (1944).Google Scholar
  174. Clarke, J R The effect of fighting on the adrenals, thymus and spleen of the vole (Microtus agrestis). J. Endocrin. 9, 114–126 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Clatworthy, H. W., JR., and R. G. Anderson: Development and growth of the human embryo and fetus. Amer. J. Dis. Child. 67, 167–175 (1944).Google Scholar
  176. Clayton, B. E., and J. E. Hammant: Histochemical responses in the adrenal gland of the guinea pig to ACTH and gonadotrophins. J. Endocrin. 15, i (1957).Google Scholar
  177. Clayton, B. E.: Effects of oestrogens and ACTH on the adrenals of the guinea-pig compared with those in the rat. J. Endocrin. 18, 90–97 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Cobey, F. A., I. Taliaferro and H. H. Haag: Effect of DDD and some of its derivatives on plasma 17-OH-corticosteroids in the dog. Science 123, 140–141 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Cobey, F. A., I. Taliaferro and H. H. Haag: Further observations on effect on plasma 17-OH-corticosteroids in the dog of derivatives of 2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane (DDD, TDE). Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 97, 491–494 (1958).Google Scholar
  180. Cohen, A.: Variations de la teneur en lipides de la corticosurrénale foetale du rat, au cours du développement. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 321–324 (1954).Google Scholar
  181. Cohen, A.: Répartition des lipides dans le cortex surrénal d’embryons de rats décapités. Arch. Anat. micr. Morph. exp. 44, 265–276 (1955).Google Scholar
  182. Cohen, A.: Évolution de la concentration de l’acide ascorbique dans les surrénales d’embryons de rat, au cours des derniers jours de la gestation. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 166–167 (1958a)Google Scholar
  183. Cohen, A.: Influence de la décapitation du foetus de rat sur la teneur en acide ascorbique de ses surrénales. Action de la corticostimuline. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 1917–1920 (1958b).Google Scholar
  184. Cohen, A. I., E. Bloch and E. Celozzi: In vitro response of functional experimental adrenal tumors to corticotropin (ACTH). Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 95, 304–309 (1957a).Google Scholar
  185. Cohen, A. I., J. Furtii and R. F. Buffett: Histologic and physiologic characteristics of hormone-secreting transplantable adrenal tumors in mice and rats. Amer. J. Path. 33, 631–651 (1957b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Cohen, H., H. H. Freedman, W. Kleinberg, N. R. Schechter and G. J. Martin: Enhanc°meent of corticotrophic activity: Effect on adrenal and thymus weights. Endocrinology 54, 81–83 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Cohen, R. B.: Histochemical localization and metabolic significance of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase system in adrenal cortex. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 101, 405–407 (1959).Google Scholar
  188. Cohen, R. B., W. B. Chapman and B. Castleman: Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease): A study of surgically resected adrenal glands. Amer. J. Path. 35, 537–561 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Colover, J., and L. E. Glynn: Experimental iso-immune adrenalitis. Immunology 1, 172–178 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Combescot, C.: Surrénales et survie de la tortue d’eau algérienne. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 292–295 (1957).Google Scholar
  191. Conn, J. W.: Aldosterone in clinical medicine — past, present and future. Arch. intern. Med. 97, 135–144 (1956).Google Scholar
  192. Constantinides, P., C. Fortier and F. R. Skelton: The effect of glucose on the adrenal response to ACTH in hypophysectomized rats. Endocrinology 47, 351–363 (1950)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Costa, P. J., D. D. Bonnycastle and I. J. Seligman: Adrenocortical suppressive activity of several triazine derivatives in the guinea pig. Fed. Proc. 18, 379 (1959).Google Scholar
  194. Cgupland, R. E.: Factors affecting the survival of the adrenal medulla and associated cortical cells in the anterior chamber of the eye. J. Endocrin. 15, 162–170 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Cgupland, R. E., and R. L. Holmes: The distribution of cholinesterase in the adrenal glands of the rat, cat and rabbit. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 141, 97–106 (1958).Google Scholar
  196. Courrier, R., A. Cologne and M. Baclesse: Action de la cortisone administrée â la mère sur la surrénale du foetus de rat. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 233, 333–336 (1951).Google Scholar
  197. Courrier, R., M. Baclesse et M. Mardis: Rapports de la corticosurrénale et de la sexualité. J. Physiol. (Paris) 45, 327–374 (1953).Google Scholar
  198. Coutinho, H. B., B. L. Baker, J. F. Kent, E. C. Pliske and J. G. Dyke: Esterases of the adrenal gland after hypophysectomy and total body roentgen irradiation. Univ. Michigan med. Bull. 21, 391–399 (1955).Google Scholar
  199. Covian, M. R.: Variations of adrenal ascorbic acid in the hypophysectomized white rat (in Spanish). Rev. Ass. argent. Biol. 25, 26–30 (1949).Google Scholar
  200. Craig, J. M., and B. H. Landing: Anaplastic cells of fetal adrenal cortex. Amer. J. clin. Path. 21, 940–949 (1951).Google Scholar
  201. Creutzfeldt, W., M. Husten U. K. Haager: Zur histologischen Funktionsdiagnostik der Nebennieren. Beitr. path. Anat. 113, 428–429 (1953).Google Scholar
  202. Cristol, S. J., and H. J. Haller: The isolation of 1,1-dichloro-2-o-chlorophenyl-2-p-chlorophenylethane from technical TDE. J. Amer. them. Soc. 70, 1323–1324 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Crooke, A. C., and J. R. Gilmour: A description of the effect of hypophysectomy on the growing rat, with the resulting histological changes in the adrenal and thyroid glands and the testicles. J. Path. Bact. 47, 525–544 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Cueto, C., and J. H. U. Brown: The chemical fractionation of an adrenocorticolytic drug. Endocrinology 62, 326–333 (1958a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Cueto, C., and J. H. U. Brown: Biological studies on an adrenocorticolytic agent and the isolation of the active components. Endocrinology 62, 334–339 (1958b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Cushing, H.: The basophil adenomas of the pituitary body and their clinical manifestations (pituitary basophilism). Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 50, 137–195 (1932).Google Scholar
  207. Cutuly, E.: Quantitative study on the adrenals of hypophysectomized rats. Anat. Rec. 66, 119–122 (1936).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Cutuly, E., and E. C. Cutuly: Pigmented cells in adrenals and testes of hypophysectomized rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 36, 335–337 (1937).Google Scholar
  209. Dallwig, R.: Mitoseaktivität und Kerngrößen in der Nebennierenrinde der Ratte nach Dursteinwirkung. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 61, 138–154 (1954).Google Scholar
  210. Daltgn, A. J., E. R. Mitchell, B. F. Jones and V. B. Peters: Changes in the adrenal glands of rats following exposure to lowered oxygen tension. J. nat. Cancer Inst. 4, 527–536 (1944).Google Scholar
  211. D’angelo. S. A., A. S. Gordon and H. Charipper: The effect of inanition on the anterior pituitary-adrenocortical interrelationship in the guinea pig. Endocrinology 42, 399–411 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Dannenberg, H.: Biochemie der Tumoren. In: B. Flaschenträger und E. Lehnartz, Herausgeb., Physiologische Chemie, Bd. II/2 c, 342–460. Berlin: Springer 1959.Google Scholar
  213. D’arcy, P. F.: An investigation into the effects of 2: 2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)-1: 1-dichloroethane (D. D. D.) on the mouse adrenal cortex. J. Pharm. (Lond.) 6, 625–628 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Das Gupta, D., and C. J. P. Giroud: Experimental aminonucleoside nephrosis. I. Action of cortisone on aldosterone and corticosterone production. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 98, 334–339 (1958).Google Scholar
  215. Das Gupta, D., and C. J. P. Giroud: Effect of an aldosterone antagonist on the fluid retention of aminonucleoside nephrosis. Endocrinology 65, 500–503 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Daughaday, W. H.: Steroid protein interactions. Physiol. Rev. 39, 885–902 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Davies, S.: The development of the adrenal gland of the cat. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 80, 81–98 (1937).Google Scholar
  218. Davis, J. O., and W. C. Ball, JR.: Effects of a body cast on aldosterone and sodium excretion in dogs with experimental ascites. Amer. J. Physiol. 192, 538–542 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Davis, J. O., M. J. Goldkind, M. M. Pechet and W. C. Ball, JR.: Increased excretion of aldosterone in urine from dogs with right-sided congestive heart failure and from dogs with thoracic vena cava constriction. Amer. J. Physiol. 187, 45–50 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Davis, J. O., M. M. Pechet, W. C. Ball, JR., and M. J. Goodkind: Increased aldosterone secretion in dogs with right-sided congestive heart failure and in dogs with thoracic inferior vena cava constriction. J. clin. Invest. 36, 689–694 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. Davis, J. O., B. Kliman, N. A. Yanropoulos and R. E. Peterson: Increased aldosterone secretion following acute constriction of the inferior vena cava. J. clin. Invest. 37, 1783–1790 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Davis, M. E., and E. J. Plotz: The effects of cortisone acetate on intact and adrenalectomized rats during pregnancy. Endocrinology 54, 384–395 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Davis, M. E., E. J. Plotz, and E. Plotz: A quantitative study of the vascularity of the adrenal gland of the rat during pregnancy and after cortisone treatment. Endocrinology 52, 164–172 (1953)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Dawson, A. B.: Histochemical evidence of early differentiation of the suprarenal gland of the chick. J. Morph. 92, 579–596 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Dawson, I. M. P.: Changes in the adrenal cortex in essential and renal hypertension. J. Path. Bact. 72, 393–409 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. Deane, H. W.: Physiological regulation of the zona glomerulosa of the rat’s adrenal cortex, as revealed by cytochemical observations. In: R. C. Christman, Ed., Pituitary-Adrenal Function, 31–38. Washington, D. C.: Amer. Ass. Adv. Sci. 1951.Google Scholar
  227. Deane, H. W.: Histophysiology of the adrenal cortex in fetal and prepuberal rats, with comments on the carbonyl reactivity of the cortical lipide droplets. In: L. I. Gardner, Ed., Adrenal Function in Infants and Children, 4–20. New York: Grune and Stratton 1956.Google Scholar
  228. Deane, H. W.: Intracellular lipides: Their detection and significance. In: S. L. Palay, Ed., Frontiers in Cytology, 227–263. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press 1958.Google Scholar
  229. Deane, H. W., and A. C. Barger: Histophysiology of the adrenal cortex in dogs with mild and severe cardiac damage. Endocrinology 61, 758–764 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Deane, H. W., and D. W. Fawcett: Pigmented interstitial tissue showing “brown degeneration” in the ovaries of old mice. Anat. Rec. 113, 239–246 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. Deane, H. W., and R. O. Greep: A morphological and histochemical study of the rat’s adrenal cortex after hypophysectomy, with comments on the liver. Amer. J. Anat. 79, 117–146 (1946).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Deane, H. W., and R. O. Greep: A cytochemical study of the adrenal cortex in hypo-and hyperthyroidism. Endocrinology 41, 243–247 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Deane, H. W., and C. P. Lyman: Body temperature, thyroid and adrenal cortex of hamsters during cold exposure and hibernation, with comparisons to rats. Endocrinology 55, 300–315 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. Deane, H. W., and G. M. C. Masson: Adrenal cortical changes in rats with various types of experimental hypertension. J. clin. Endocrin. 11, 193–208 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. Deane, H. W., and J. M. Mckibbin: The chemical cytology of the rat’s adrenal cortex in pantothenic acid deficiency. Endocrinology 38, 385–400 (1946).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. Deane, H. W., and A. Morse: The cytological distribution of ascorbic acid in the adrenal cortex of the rat under normal and experimental conditions. Anat. Rec. 100, 127–142 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. Deane, H. W., and A. M. Seligman: Evaluation of procedures for the cytological localization of ketosteroids. Vitam. and Horm. 11, 173–204 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Deane, H. W., and J. H. Shaw: A cytochemical study of the responses of the adrenal cortex of the rat to thiamine, riboflavin, or pyridoxine deficiencies. J. Nutr. 34, 1–20 (1947).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Deane, H. W., and R. O. Greet: The effect of altered sodium or potassium intake on the width and cytochemistry of the zona glomerulosa of the rat’s adrenal cortex. Endocrinology 43, 133–153 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. Deane, H. W., F. G. Hofmann, A. K. Solomon and G. B. Wislocxi: Selective uptake of silver by the adrenal zona glomerulosa. Anat. Rec. 121, 283 (1955).Google Scholar
  241. Deane, H. W., R. J. Barrnett, and A. M. Seligman: Histochemical methods for the demonstration of enzymatic activity. In: W. Graumarn and K. Neumann, Herausgeb., Handbuch der Histochemie, Vol. VII/1. Stuttgart: Fischer 1960 (a).Google Scholar
  242. Deane, H. W., R. H. Schneiweiss and L. I. Gidez: Response of rat zona glomerulosa in experimental nephrosis. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 104, 417–419 (1960b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Deanesly, R.: The histology of adrenal enlargement under experimental conditions. Amer. J. Anat. 47, 475–509 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Deanesly, R.: Secretion of androgen by the adrenal cortex of the mouse. Nature (Lond.) 182, 262–263 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Dejardin, M.: Localisation histochimique des cholinestérases dans la surrénale. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 1898–1900 (1954).Google Scholar
  246. Del Castillo, E. B., and R. Sammartino: Action of large prolonged doses of estrone on the endocrines and sexual organs of the rat (in Spanish) Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 13, 455–475 (1937).Google Scholar
  247. Delost, P.: Nouvelles données sur la zone X surrénalienne. J. Physiol. (Paris) 47, 164–167 (1955).Google Scholar
  248. Delost, P.: Les corrélations genito-surrénaliennes chez le campagnol des champs (Microtus arvalis P.). Ann. Sci. nat., Zool. 8, 387–567 (1956).Google Scholar
  249. Delost, P.: Recherches sur le cortex surrénal et la zone X des muscaraignes (Sorex araneus L. et Crocidura russules IL). C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 484–487 (1957).Google Scholar
  250. Delost, P., and P. Crirvan-Nia: Données expérimentales comparées sur la zone X surrénalienne. Action de la cortisone et de la testostérone. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 150, 1330–1332 (1956).Google Scholar
  251. Delost, P., and P. Crirvan-Nia: Différences raciales dans l’involution de la zone X surrénalienne chez la souris adulte vierge. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 152, 453–455 (1958).Google Scholar
  252. Delost, P., and H. Delost: Modifications pondérales et histologiques des glands surrénales du campagnol agreste (Microtus agrestis L.) en fonction de l’état sexuel. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 910–914 (1955).Google Scholar
  253. Delost, P., and T. Terroine: Involution de la zone glomerulée surrénalienne dans la carence en B1. J. Physiol. (Paris) 51, 445–446 (1959).Google Scholar
  254. Dempsey, E. W., R. O. Greet and H. W. Deane: Changes in the distribution and concentration of alkaline phosphatases in Issues of the rat after hypophysectomy or gonadectomy, and replacement therapy. Endocrinology 44, 88–103 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. Dempster, W. J.: The transplanted adrenal gland. Brit. J. Surg. 42, 540–552 (1955)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. Denber, H. C. B.: Non-encapsulated adrenal cortical tissue in the peri-renal fat. Amer. J. Path. 25, 681–688 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Des Marais, A., and P. M. Gagnon: Influence de l’exposition au froid sur l’activité thyroïdienne et sur le poids et le teneur en acide ascorbique des surrénales chez le cobaye carencé ou non en acide ascorbique. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 1714–1718 (1955).Google Scholar
  258. Des Marais, A., L.-P. Dugal and P.-M. Gagnon: Effect de l’hypophysectomie, de l’administration d’ACTH et de l’ACTH endogène sur le poids et l’activité métabolique de la surrénale du rat blanc. Rev. canad. Biol. 14, 108–112 (1955).Google Scholar
  259. Devisscher, M., et C. Beckers: La gland thyroïde et l’équibre endocrinien. J. Physiol. (Paris) 49, 439–520 (1957).Google Scholar
  260. Dickie, M. M., and P. W. Lane: Adrenal tumors, pituitary tumors, and other pathological changes in Fl hybrids of strain DE X strain DBA. Cancer Res. 16, 48–52 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. Dittus, P.: Interrenalssystem und chromaffine Zellen im Lebensablauf von Ichthyophis glutinosus L. Z. wiss. Zool. 147, 459–512 (1936).Google Scholar
  262. Dittus, P.: Histologie und Cytologie des Interrenalorgans der Selachier unter normalen und experimentellen Bedingungen. Z. wiss. Zool. 154, 40–124 (1940).Google Scholar
  263. Domm, L. V., and P. Leroy: A method for fetal hypophysectomy. Anat. Rec. 123, 183–199 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. Donaldson, H. H.: The Rat: Data and Reference Tables, Ed. 2. Amer. anat. Mem. 6 (1924).Google Scholar
  265. Don, T.: Experimentelle Beiträge zum venösen Kreislauf der Nebenniere. Anat. Anz. 104, 412–418 (1957).Google Scholar
  266. Done, A. K., R. S. Ely, R. B. Raile and V. C. Kelley: Species differences in 17-hydroxycorticosteroid concentrations. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 81, 667–669 (1952).Google Scholar
  267. Doap, A. W. V., and H. W. Deane: A morphological and cytochemical study of the postnatal development of the rat’s adrenal cortex. Anat. Rec. 107, 265–281 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. Dribben, I. S., and J. M. Wolfe: Structural changes in the connective tissue of the adrenal glands of female rats associated with advancing age. Anat. Rec. 98, 557–585 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. DRISCOL, T. E., M. M. Matjltsby, G. L. Farrell and R. M. Berne: Aldosterone secretion in experimental congestive heart failure. Amer. J. Physiol. 191, 140–144 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. Ducommun, P., et R. S. Mach: Effet de l’hormone adrénocorticotrope sur la morphologie du cortex surrénalien, son contenu en acide ascorbique et en esters de cholesterol chez le rat normal. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 3, 17–26 (1949).Google Scholar
  271. Ducal, L.-P., and M. Therien: The influence of ascorbic acid on adrenal weight during exposure to cold. Endocrinology 44, 420–426 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. Ducal, L.-P., and M. Therien: L’acide ascorbique et l’activité de la surrénale chez le rat normale et chez le rat hypophysectomisé. Ann Endocr. (Paris) 13, 578–588 (1952).Google Scholar
  273. Dulin, W. E.: The effects of adrenocorticotropin on the white leghorn cockerel and capon. Endocrinology 53, 233–235 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. Dumm, M. E., and E. P. Ralli: A critical analysis of the eosinophile response in rats to ACTH and cortisone. Endocrinology 54, 71–80 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. Dumm, M. E., P. Orvando, P. Roth and E. P. Rallie Relation of pantothenic acid to white blood cell response of rats following stress. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 71, 368–371 (1949).Google Scholar
  276. Dumm, M. E., B. Laken and E. P. Ralli: Factors influencing adrenal weight and adrenal cholesterol in rats following stress. J. Nutr. 56, 517–531 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Duncan, I. W.: The effect of audiogenic seizures in rats on the adrenal weight, ascorbic acid, cholesterol, and corticosteroids. J. biol. Chem. 229, 563–568 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. Durey, J.-M.: Variations de l’acid ascorbique dans les surrénales chez la rate pendant la gestation. Ann. Endocr. (Paris) 15, 284–286 (1954).Google Scholar
  279. Dury,M.,and A.Dury: Effects of ascorbic acid pretreatment on the response of blood glucose and adrenal cholesterol in the intact rat to insulin. Endocrinology 58, 671–674 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. Earle, D. P., R. C. Bodo, E. L. Schwartz, S. J. Farber, M. Kurts and J. Green-Berg: Effect of hypophysectomy on electrolyte and water balance in the dog. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 76, 608–612 (1951).Google Scholar
  281. Egdahl, R. H., and J. B. Richards: Effect of extreme cold exposure on adrenocortical function in the unanesthetized dog. Amer. J. Physiol. 185, 239–242 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Eger, W., W. Gottesleben, and U. M. Tiefjen: Über das Verhalten der alkalischen und sauren Phosphatase bei funktioneller Belastung der Nebenniere. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 324, 173–192 (1953).Google Scholar
  283. Ehrenbrand, F.: Beiträge zur Morphokinese der Nebennierenrinde bei experimenteller Hyperthyreose. Anat. Anz. 101, 41–63 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Ehrenbrand, F.: Sinddesog. „fuchsinophilen“ Zellen der Nebennierenrinde spezifische Androgenbildner ? Acta histochem. Jena 7, 1–73 (1959).Google Scholar
  285. Eichner, D.: Über den morphologischen Ausdruck funktioneller Beziehungen zwischen Nebennierenrinde und neurosekretorischem Zwischenhirnsystem der Ratte. Z. Zellforsch. 38, 488–508 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. Eix-Nes, K., and K. R. Brizzee: Adrenocortical activity and metabolism of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in thyroidectomized dogs. Amer. J. Physiol. 184, 371–375 (1956).Google Scholar
  287. Eix-Nes, K., and K. R. Brizzee: Adrenocortical activity in hypophysectomized dogs. Amer. J. Physiol. 193, 403–407 (1958).Google Scholar
  288. Eix-Nes, K., A. A. Sandberg, F. H. Tyler and L. T. Samuels: Changes in plasma level of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids induced by ACTH. III. Effects of various vehicles and modes of administration. J. clin. Endocrin. 18, 882–885 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  289. Eiseman, B., R. Hughes, W. Summers and F. Traylor: Human adrenal cortical auto-graft into the portal circulation. An experimental and clinical study. Ann. Surg. 142, 961–966 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. Eisenstein, A. B.: Pantothenic acid and adrenocortical hormone secretion. Endocrinology 60, 298–302 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. Eisenstein, A. B.: Effect of sodium chloride feeding on adrenocortical hormone secretion of salt deprived rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 101, 850–852 (1959).Google Scholar
  292. Eisenstein, A. B., and P. M. Hartroft: Alterations in the rat adrenal cortex induced by sodium deficiency: Steroid hormone secretion. Endocrinology 60, 634–640 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. Eisenstein, A. B., and R. E. Shank: Relationship of ascorbic acid to secretion of adrenocortical hormones in guinea pigs. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 78, 619–624 (1951).Google Scholar
  294. Eisenstein, A. B., and A. S. Wenneker: Excretion of 17-hydroxycorticosteroid hormones by pantothenic acid deficient guinea pigs. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 97, 844–847 (1958).Google Scholar
  295. Elftman, H.: Response of the alkaline phosphatase of the adrenal cortex of the mouse to androgens. Endocrinology 41, 85–91 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  296. Elias, H.: Growth of the adrenal cortex in domesticated Ungulata. Amer J vet. Res. 9, 173–189 (1948).Google Scholar
  297. Elias, H. and J. E. Pauly: Strukturelemente in menschlichen Nebennierenrinden. Anat. Anz. 100, 134–147 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Elias, H. and J. E. Pauly: The structure of the human adrenal cortex. Endocrinology 58, 714–738 (1956)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  299. Elton, R. L., I. G. Zarrow and M. X. Zarrow: Depletion of adrenal ascorbic acid and cholesterol: A comparative study. Endocrinology 65, 152–157 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  300. Endröczi, E., J. Szalay, and. K. Liss ix: Untersuchungen über die Entwicklung der Funktion des Hypothalamus-Hypophysen-Nebennierenrinden-Systems bei neugeborenen Ratten mit chronischen Tiefenelektroden. Endokrinologie 34, 331–336 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Endröczi, E., G. Bata u. J. Martin: Untersuchungen über die Sekretion von Nebennierenrindenhormonen. Endokrinologie 35, 280–290 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Engström, H.: Studien über die postnatale Entwicklung der Nebennierenrinde in der weißen Ratte. Anat. Anz. 83, 1–19 (1936).Google Scholar
  303. Eränkö, O.: Histochemical demonstration of ascorbic acid in the adrenal gland with a critical study of the method. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 2, 167–177 (1954a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  304. Eränkö, O.: Estimation of the volumes of the cortex and medulla from adrenal sections. Ann Med. exp. Fenn. 32, 377–391 (1954b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. Eränkö, O.: Short-term effects of potassium, sodium and ACTH on the histochemistry of the adrenal glands of rats. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 18, 189–200 (1955).Google Scholar
  306. Ersnoff, B. H.: Nutrition and the anterior pituitary. with special reference to the general adaptation syndrome. Vitam. and Horm. 10, 79–140 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  307. Everett, J. W.: Hormonal factors responsible for deposition of cholesterol in the corpus luteum of the rat. Endocrinology 41, 364–377 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  308. Everett, N. B.: Autoplastie and homoplastic transplants of the rat adrenal cortex and medulla to the kidney. Anat. Rec. 103, 335–348 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  309. Farquhar, M. G.: Preparation of ultrathin tissue sections for electron microscopy. Lab. Invest. 5, 317–337 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. Farrell, G L.: Steroids in adrenal venous Mood of the dog: Venous-arterial differences across the adrenal. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 86, 338–341 (1954).Google Scholar
  311. Farrell, G L.: Regulation of aldosterone secretion. Physiol. Rev. 38, 709–728 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  312. Farrell, G L.: Steroidogenic properties of extracts of beef diencephalon. Endocrinology 65, 29–33 (1959a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  313. Farrell, G L.: Glomerulotropic activity of an acetone extract of pineal tissue. Endocrinology 65, 239–241 (1959b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  314. E. W. Rauschkolb and P. C. Royce: Secretion of aldosterone by the adrenal of the dog. Effects of hypophysectomy and ACTH. Amer. J. Physiol. 182, 269–272 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. R. C. Banks and S. Koletsky: The effect of corticosteroid injection on aldosterone secretion. Endocrinology 58, 104–108 (1956a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  316. R. S. Rosnagle, and E. W. Rauschkolb: Aldosterone secretion during bleeding. Fed. Proc. 15, 60–61 (1956b).Google Scholar
  317. R. S. Rosnagle, and E. W. Rauschkolb: Increased aldosterone secretion in response to blood loss. Circulation Res. 4, 606–611 (1956c).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  318. R. B. Fleming, E. W. Rauschkolb, F. M. Yatsu, M. Mccally and C. H. Anderson: Steroidogenic properties of purified corticotropins. Endocrinology 62, 506–512 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  319. S. Koletsky and L. W. Lapham Decreased aldosterone secretion following pinealectomy. Fed. Proc. 18, 44 (1959).Google Scholar
  320. Fassbender, H. G.: Pathologische Anatomie der endokrinen Drüsen. B. Die Nebenniere. In: E. Kaufmann, Herausgeb., Lehrbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie, Bd. I/2, 1475–1510. Berlin: de Gruyter 1956.Google Scholar
  321. Fawcett, D. W.: A comparison of the histological organization and cytochemical reactions of brown and white adipose tissue. J. Morph. 90, 363–406 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  322. Feldman, J. D.: Histochemical reactions of adrenocortical cells. Anat. Rec. 107, 347–358 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  323. Feldman, J. D.: Endocrine control of the adrenal gland. Anat. Rec. 109, 41–69 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  324. Fetzer, S.: Zur Verwendung formolfixierten Materials zur Ausführung der Plasmal-Reaktion. Mikroskopie 8, 189–191 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  325. Feulgen, R., u. K. Voit: Über einen weitverbreiteten festen Aldehyd. Seine Entstehung aus einer Vorstufe, sein mikrochemischer und mikroskopisch-chemischer Nachweis und die Wege zu seiner präparativen Darstellung. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 206, 389–410 (1924).Google Scholar
  326. Fiala, S., E. E. Sproul and A. Fiala: The action of corticotropin (ACTH) on nucleic acids and subcellular elements of the adrenal cortex. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 2, 115–126 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  327. Fidanza, A., and A. Boxomolo: The behavior of cholesterol in the adrenals of rats fed a diet deficient in pantothenic acid plus antibiotics (in Italian). Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 29, 1732–1733 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  328. Fiori, C.: Behavior of lipase activity during parenchymal degenerative changes from bacterial toxin (in Italian). Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 32, 1583–1584 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Fishman, W. H., and J. R. Baker: Cellular localization of ß-glucuronidase in rat tissues. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 4, 570–587 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  330. Flaks, J.: Adrenal cortical carcinoma with metastases in an ovariectomized Strong A mouse. J. Path. Bact. 61, 266–269 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  331. Flexner, L. B., and A. Grollman: The reduction of osmic acid as an indicator of adrenal cortical activity in the rat. Anat. Rec. 75, 207–222 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  332. Flickinger, D. D.: Adrenal responses of California quail subjected to various physiologic stimuli. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 100, 23–25 (1959).Google Scholar
  333. Flint, J. M.: Reticulum of the adrenal. Anat. Anz. 16, 1–13 (1899).Google Scholar
  334. Flint, J. M.: The blood-vessels, angiogenesis, organogenesis, reticulum, and histology, of the adrenal. Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 9, 153–230 (1900).Google Scholar
  335. Flux, D. S.: The effect of adrenal steroids on the growth of the mammary glands, uteri, thymus and adrenal glands of intact, ovariectomized and oestrone-treated ovariectomized mice. J. Endocrin. 11, 238–254 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  336. Foglia, V. G., B. Günther and R. M. Pinto: Weight of the body and of organs in the white rat of the Institute de Fisiologia de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 19, 384–396 (1943).Google Scholar
  337. Folch, J., I. Ascoli, M. Lees, J. A. Meath and F. N. Lebaron: Preparation of lipide extracts from brain tissue. J. biol. Chem. 191, 833–841 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Fontaine, M., and J. Hatey: Recherches sur le controle hypophysaire de l’interrénal antérieur d’un poisson téléostéen, l’anguille (Anguilla anguilla L.). Variations pondérales de l’inter-rénal antérieur. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 147, 217–220 (1953).Google Scholar
  339. Fontaine, M., and J. Hatey: Sur la teneur en 17-hydroxycorticostéroides du plasma de saumon (Salmo saler L.). C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 239, 319–321 (1954).Google Scholar
  340. Fontaine, M., J. Hatey, et M. Olivereau: Interrénal antérieur et smoltification chez Salmo salar (L.). J. Physiol. (Paris) 49, 174–176 (1957).Google Scholar
  341. Forbes, T. R.: Studies on the reproductive system of the alligator. IV. Observations on the development of the gonad, the adrenal cortex, and the Milllerian duct. Contr. Embryo’. Carneg. Inst. 28, 129–155 (1940).Google Scholar
  342. Ford, P.: Some observations on the corpuscles of Stannius. In: A. Gorbman, Ed., Comparative Endocrinology, 728–734. New York: Wiley 1959.Google Scholar
  343. Fortier, C., and J. Groot: Adenohypophysial corticotrophin and plasma free cortico-steroids during regeneration of the enucleated rat adrenal gland. Amer. J. Physiol. 1.96, 589–592 (1959).Google Scholar
  344. Fortier, C., and J. Groot, F. R. Skelton, P. Constantinides, P. O. Timiras, M. Herlant and H. Selve: A comparative study of some of the chemical and morphological changes elicited in the adrenals by stress and purified ACTH. Endocrinology 46, 21–29 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  345. Frantz, M. J., and A. Kirschbaum: Sex hormone secretion by tumors of the adrenal cortex of mice. Cancer Res. 9, 257–266 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Franze, F.: Formen, Masse, Gewicht und Lage der Nebennieren von Schaf und Ziege. Diss. Berlin: Humboldt-Univ. 1958.Google Scholar
  347. Frazâo, J. V.: The Adrenocortical Gland (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Livraria Portugalia 1954.Google Scholar
  348. Fredrickson, D. S., R. E. Peterson and D. Steinberg: Inhibition of adrenocortical steroid secretion by z14-cholestenone. Science 127, 704–705 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  349. Frenkel, J. K.: Effects of hormones on the adrenal necrosis produced by Besnoitia jellisoni in golden hamsters. J. exp. Med. 103, 375–398 (1956a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  350. Frenkel, J. K.: Potentiating effects of endogenous corticoids in human adrenocortical infection and necrosis. Amer. J. Path. 32, 626–627 (1956b).Google Scholar
  351. Friedman, N. B.: The pathology of the adrenal gland in Addison’s disease with special reference to adrenocortical contraction. Endocrinology 42, 181–200 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  352. Frisch, E., and L. I. Gardner: Failure of suramin (Bayer 205; germanin) to cause changes in the adrenal cortex of the rat. Endocrinology 63, 500–501 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  353. Fustinoui, O.: L’asthénie des insuffisances hypophysaire et surrénal du crapaud. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 129, 1252–1253 (1938).Google Scholar
  354. Fustinoui, O., and J. Porto: Morphology of the adrenal glands of the toad Bufo arenarum (Hensel) (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 14, 315–320 (1938).Google Scholar
  355. Gabe, M.: Caractères histochimiques des cellules d’été de la glande surrénale chez la grenouille (Rana temporaria L.). Ann. Histochim. 1, 256–263 (1956).Google Scholar
  356. Gagnon, R.: The venous drainage of the human adrenal gland. Rev. canad. Biol. 14, 350–359 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  357. Gallagher, T. F.: Steroid hormone metabolism and the control of adrenal secretion. Harvey Lect. 52, 1–22 (1956/57).Google Scholar
  358. Gallagher, T. F.: Adrenocortical carcinoma in man. The effect of amphenone on individual ketosteroids. J. clin. Endocrin. 18, 937–949 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  359. Gants, F. M., L. L. Miller and L. R. Axelrod: Effect of ACTH on protein synthesis in isolated perfused beef adrenal gland. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 89, 634–639 (1955).Google Scholar
  360. Gann, D. S., I. H. Mills and F. C. Bartter: The hemodynamic parameter mediating increase in aldosterone secretion. Progr. 41st Meet. Endocr. Soc. 52–53 (1959).Google Scholar
  361. Ganong, W. F.: The effect of ACTH on adrenal size in hypophysectomized rats after removal of one adrenal. Endocrinology 55, 117–120 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  362. Ganong, W. F., and D. M. Hume: The effect of graded hypophysectomy on thyroid, gonadal, and adrenocortical function in the dog. Endocrinology 59, 293–301 (1956a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  363. Ganong, W. F., and D. M. Hume: The effect of unilateral adrenalectomy on adrenal venous 17-hydroxycorticosteroid output in the dog. Endocrinology 59, 302–305 (1956b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  364. Ganong, W. F., A. H. Lieberman, W. J. R. Daily, V. S. Yuen, P. J. Milrow, J. A. Liietscher, JR., and R. E. Bailey: Aldosterone secretion in dogs with hypothalamic lesions. Endocrinology 65, 18–28 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  365. Gardner, L. I.: Adrenocortical metabolism of the fetus, infant and child. Pediatrics 17, 897–924 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  366. Gardner, L. I., and R. L. Walton: Plasma 17-ketosteroids of the human fetus: demonstration of concentration gradient between cord and maternal circulations. Helv. paediat. Acta 9, 311–316 (1954).Google Scholar
  367. Garm, O.: A study of bovine nymphomania. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) Suppl. 3 (1949).Google Scholar
  368. Garm, O.: Changes in the blood, adrenals, and hypophysis in bovine parturient paresis and eclampsia. A preliminary report. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 5, 413–424 (1950).Google Scholar
  369. Garrett, F. D.: The development and physiology of the corpuscle of Stannius in ganoid and teleostean fishes. J. Morph. 70, 41–68 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  370. Garrod, O., S. A. Simrson and J. F. Tait: Some factors affecting aldosterone secretion. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 49, 888–889 (1956).Google Scholar
  371. Gaunt, R.: Adrenalectomy in the rat. Amer. J. Physiol. 103, 494–510 (1933).Google Scholar
  372. Gaunt, R., J. H. Gaunt and C. E. Tobix: Colony differences in survival of adrenalectomized rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 32, 888–892 (1935).Google Scholar
  373. Gaunt, R., M. LILING and C. W. Mushett: Disturbances of water metabolism in vitamin deficiencies and effects of adrenal cortical hormones. Endocrinology 38, 127–132 (1946).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  374. Gaunt, R., J. H. Leathem, C. Howell and N. Antonchak: Some biological properties of different esters of desoxycorticosterone. Endocrinology 50, 521–530 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  375. Gaunt, R., C. H. Tuthill, N. Antonchak and J. H. Leathem: Antagonists to cortisone: An ACTH-like action of steroids. Endocrinology 52, 407–1123 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  376. Gemzell, C.-A.: The influence of corticotrophic hormone and oestrogen on liver glycogen content and phosphate metabolism in the adrenal cortex. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) Supp. 1 (1948).Google Scholar
  377. Gemzell, C.-A.: Increase in the formation and the secretion of ACTH in rats following administration of oestradiol-monobenzoate. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 11, 221–228 (1952).Google Scholar
  378. Genesi, M., and G. F. Melloni: Histochemical modifications in endocrines by tropic pituitary hormones. II. Action of corticotropin on thyroid, ovary, uterus and adrenal of the rat (in Italian). Biol. latina 10, 71–91 (1957).Google Scholar
  379. Georges, G., and J. Cahn: Etude de différentes corticotrophines à action prolongée au moyen des variations du taux de l’acide ascorbique et du poids des surrénales chez le rat hypophysectomisé. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 1245–1247 (1955).Google Scholar
  380. Gérard, P.: Sur la cortico-surrénale du protoptère (Protopterus Dolloi Blgr.). Arch. Biol. (Paris) 62, 371–378 (1951).Google Scholar
  381. Gersohman, R., and W. O. Fenn: Ascorbic acid content of adrenal glands of rat in oxygen poisoning Amer. J. Physiol. 176, 6–8 (1954).Google Scholar
  382. Gersh, I., and A. Grollman: The vascular pattern of the adrenal gland of the mouse and rat and its physiological response to changes in glandular activity. Contr. Embryol. Carneg. Inst. 29, 111–125 (1941).Google Scholar
  383. Gershberg, H., E. G. Fry, J. R. Brobeck and C. N. H. Long: The role of epinephrine in the secretion of the adrenal cortex. Yale J. Biol. Med. 23, 32–51 (1950).Google Scholar
  384. Geschwind, I.: Species variation in protein and polypeptide hormones. In: A. Gorman, Ed., Comparative Endocrinology, 421–443. New York: Wiley 1959.Google Scholar
  385. Giacomini, E.: Sur les terminations nerveuses dans les capsules surrénales des oiseaux. Arch. ital. Biol. 29, 482–483 (1898).Google Scholar
  386. Giacomini, E.: Contribution to the knowledge of the adrenal cortex in cyclostomes. On the adrenal cortex of petromyzonts (in Italian). Monit. zool. ital. 13, 143–162 (1902).Google Scholar
  387. Giacomini, E.: On the microscopic anatomy and development of the adrenal cortex of lophobranchiate fishes (in Italian). Arch. ital. Anat. Embriol. 18, Suppl., 548–565 (1922).Google Scholar
  388. Giacomini, E.: The interrenal system and Stannius bodies in ganoids (in Italian). Boll. Soc. ital. Biol. sper. 8, 636–640 (1933).Google Scholar
  389. Gillissen, G., u. I. Gillissen: Die morphokinetische Beeinflussung der Nebennierenrinde durch Sexualhormone. Endokrinologie 33, 45–53 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  390. Girolid, A.: Acide ascorbique et fonction cortico-surrénale. Ann Endocr. (Paris) 12, 733–741 (1951).Google Scholar
  391. Girolid, A., and C.-P. Leblond: Localisations électives de l’acide ascorbique ou vitamine C. Arch. Anat. micr. Morph. exp. 31, 111–142 (1935).Google Scholar
  392. Girolid, A., and M. Martinet: Valeur fontionnelle de la zone foetale de la cortico-surrénale. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 135, 1028–1030 (1941).Google Scholar
  393. Girolid, A., and A. R. Ratsimamanga: Acide ascorbique — vitamine C. Actualités sci. industr. 921, III, 1–212 (1942).Google Scholar
  394. Girolid, C. J. P., J. Stachenko and E. H. Yenning: Secretion of aldosterone by the zona glomerulosa of rat adrenal glands incubated in vitro. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 92, 154–158 (1956a).Google Scholar
  395. Girolid, C. J. P., M. Saffran, A. V. Schally, J. Stachenko and E. H. Yenning: Production of aldosterone by rat adrenal glands in vitro. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 92, 855–859 (1956b).Google Scholar
  396. Girolid, C. J. P., J. Stachenko and P. Piletta: In vitro studies of the functional zonation of the adrenal cortex and of the production of aldosterone. In: A. F. Muller and C. M. O Connor, Eds., An International Symposium on Aldosterone, 56–72. Boston: Little, Brown 1958.Google Scholar
  397. Glicx, D., and G. R. Biskind: The histochemistry of the adrenal gland. I. The quantitative distribution of vitamin C. J. biol. Chem. 110, 1–7 (1935a).Google Scholar
  398. Glicx, D., and G. R. Biskind: II. The quantitative distribution of lipolytic enzymes. J. biol. Chem. 110, 575–582 (1935b).Google Scholar
  399. Glicx, D., and G. R. Biskind: The quantitative distribution of vitamin C in the adrenal gland at various stages of development. J. biol. Chem. 115, 551–555 (1936).Google Scholar
  400. Glicx, D., and L. J. Greenberg: The quantitative histological distribution of the succinic dehydrogenase system in the rat adrenal and the influence of hypophysectomy, ACTH, and cortisone. Endocrinology 63, 778–784 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  401. Gum, D., and S. N. Nayyar: Further studies on the determination of succinic dehydrogenase in microgram quantities of tissue and distribution of the activity in the bovine adrenal. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 4, 389–396 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  402. Gum, D., and M. J. Ocas: Quantitative histological distribution of cholesterol in adrenal glands of the cow, rat and monkey, and effects of stress conditions, ACTH, cortisone and desoxycorticosterone. Endocrinology 56, 285–298 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  403. Gum, D., and H. R. Stecklein: Micromeasurement of enzymatic conjugation of m-aminophenol and lack of activity in rat adrenal tissue. Arch. Biochem. 54, 520–522 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  404. Gum, D., and H. R. Stecklein: Effects of stress conditions, ACTH, cortisone, desoxycorticosterone and hypophysectomy on the quantitative histological distribution of phenol sulfatase and acetylcholinesterase in the rat adrenal. Endocrinology 58, 573–581 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  405. Gum, D., M. Alpert and H. R. Stecklein: The determination of t-ascorbic acid, and dehydro-Lascorbic acid plus diketo-L-gulonic acid in microgram quantities of tissue. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 1, 326–335 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  406. R. H. Swigart, R. C. Bahn and D. W. Hastings: A technique for killing animals to obtain tissues for studies on stress effects. Endocrinology 54, 706–708 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  407. R. H. Swigart, H. R. Stecklein and B. G. Malmstrom Distribution of phenolsulfatase in the adrenal of various species. A correction. Arch. Biochem. 54, 513–519 (1955a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  408. R. H. Swigart, R. H. Swigart, S. N. Nayyar and H. R. Stecklein: Flame photometric determination of potassium in microgram quantities of tissue and the distribution of potassium and lipid in the adrenal of the monkey and guinea pig. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 3, 6–15 (1955b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  409. R. H. Swigart, E. F. Freier and M. J. Ocas: Microdetermination of magnesium and its histological distribution in the adrenal in various functional states. J. biol. Chem. 226, 77–82 (1957).Google Scholar
  410. Glock, G. E., and P. Mclean: Levels of enzymes of the direct oxidative pathway of carbohydrate metabolism in mammalian tissues and tumours. Biochem. J. 56, 171–175 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  411. Gold, J. R,: Blood corticoids: Their measurement and significance. J. clin. Endocrin. 17, 296–316 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  412. Golden, A., and R. R. Overman: Experimental cortical necrosis of adrenal gland in the monkey in diphtheria and in malaria. Amer. J. clin. Path. 19, 899–906 (1949).Google Scholar
  413. Goldman, M. L., E. Ronzoni and H. A. Schroeder: The response of the adrenal cortex of the rat to dietary salt restriction and replacement. Endocrinology 58, 57–61 (1956)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  414. Gomori, G.: Microscopic Histochemistry. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press 1952 (a).Google Scholar
  415. Gomori, G.: The histochemistry of lipid carbonyl compounds. J. Lab. clin. Med. 39, 649–659 (1952b)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Gompertz, D.: The effect of sex hormones on the adrenal gland of the male rat. J. Endocrin. 17, 107–113 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  417. Gonzalez, I. E.: Comparative histological study of the adrenal gland in native rabbits. Anat. Rec. 121, 397–398 (1955).Google Scholar
  418. Good, T. A., R. S. Ely, L. R. Heiselt, A. K. Done and V. C. Kelley: Studies of 17-hydroxycorticosteroids: Adrenalectomy and hypophysectomy in guinea pigs and their effects on 17-OHCS concentrations. Endocrinology 58, 651–658 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  419. Goodman, A. D.: Studies on the effect of omega-methylpantothenic acid on corticosterone secretion in the rat. Endocrinology 66, 420–427 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  420. Goonsell, J. E.: Weight changes in the cortex and the medulla of the adrenal gland of the dog in acute vitamin-BI deficiency. Amer. J. Physiol. 134, 119–124 (1941).Google Scholar
  421. Goormaghtigh, N.: Contribution à l’étude du fonctionnement de la capsule surrénale humaine à l’état normal et dans les états infectieux, en particulier dans les gangrènes gazeuses. Arch. Méd. exp. 28, 277–321 (1918/19).Google Scholar
  422. Goormaghtigh, N.: The cytology of functioning adrenal cortex tumors. Amer. J. Cancer 38, 32–40 (1940)Google Scholar
  423. Gordon, J. J.: Observations on the respiratory metabolism of the rat-adrenal cortex. Biochem. J. 67, 701–704 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Gordon, M. L.: An immediate response of the demedullated adrenal gland to stress. Endocrinology 47, 13–18 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  425. Gottschau, M.: Struktur und embryonale Entwicklung der Nebennieren bei Säugetieren. Arch. Anat. Physiol. Lpz. 1883, 412–458.Google Scholar
  426. Grant, J. K., A. P. M. Forrest and T. Symington: The secretion of cortisol and cortico-sterone by human adrenal cortex. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 26, 195–203 (1957).Google Scholar
  427. Graumann, W.: Topochemische Untersuchungen über die perjodatreaktiven Stoffe in der Nebenniere des Goldhamsters. Acta histochem. (Jena) 2, 237–258 (1956).Google Scholar
  428. Greenberg, L. J., and D. Glicx: Quantitative histochemical distribution of coenzyme A in the rat adrenal in various functional states. Endocrinology 63, 909–915 (1958)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  429. Greenberg, S. M., and K. Aterman: Effects of prolonged cortisone administration to hypophysectomized rats. Endocrinology 55, 700–704 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  430. Greenstein, J. S., and R. C. Foley: The incidence of extramedullary myelopoiesis in bovine adrenal glands. J. Anim. Sci. 16, 341–348 (1957).Google Scholar
  431. Greet, R. O., and I. Chester Jones: Steroid control of pituitary function. Recent Progr. Hormone Res. 5, 197–261 (1950).Google Scholar
  432. Greet, R. O., and H. W. Deane: Cytochemical evidence of the cessation of hormone production in the zona glomerulosa of the rat’s adrenal cortex after prolonged treatment with desoxycorticosterone acetate. Endocrinology 40, 417–425 (1947).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  433. Greet, R. O., and H. W. Deane: The cytology and cytochemistry of the adrenal cortex. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 50 (Art. 6), 596–615 (1949a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  434. Greet, R. O., and H. W. Deane: Histological, cytochemical and physiological observations on the regeneration of the rat’s adrenal gland following enucleation. Endocrinology 45, 42–56 (1949b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  435. Greer, M. A., and H. L. Erwin: Evidence of separate hypothalamic centers controlling corticotropin and thyrotropin secretion by the pituitary. Endocrinology 58, 665–670 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  436. Griboff, S. I.: The rationale and clinical use of steroid hormones in cancer. Arch. intern. Med. 89, 812–852 (1952).Google Scholar
  437. Groat, R. A.: Formation and growth of adrenocortical-like tissue in the ovaries of the adrenalectomized ground squirrel. Anat. Rec. 89, 33–42 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  438. Grollman, A.: The pathogenesis of “adrenal regeneration” hypertension. Endocrinology 63, 460–463 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  439. Groat, J., and C. Fortier: Quantitative and histological aspects of adrenal cortical regeneration in the male albino rat. Anat. Rec. 133, 565–577 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  440. Gruenwald, P.: The normal changes in the position of the embryonic kidney. Anat. Rec. 85, 163–176 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  441. Gruenwald, P.: Embryonic and postnatal development of the adrenal cortex, particularly the zona glomerulosa and accessory nodules. Anat. Rec. 93, 391–422 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  442. Gruenwald, P., and W. M. Konikov: Cell replacement and its relation to the zona glomerulosa in the adrenal cortex of mammals. Anat. Rec. 89, 1–22 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  443. Grunbaum, B. W., J. R. Geary, JR., and D. Glick: The design and use of improved apparatus for the preparation and freezing-drying of fresh-frozen sections of tissue. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 4, 555–560 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  444. Grynfeltt, E., J. Turchini et S. Turchini: Recherches histochimiques sur les corps inter-rénaux des sélaciens. C. R. Ass. Anat. 43, 382–383 (1957).Google Scholar
  445. Guggenheim, K.: Studies on water metabolism of pyridoxine and pantothenic acid deficient rats. Endocrinology 55, 156–162 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  446. Guillemin, R.: A re-evaluation of acetylcholine, adrenaline, nor-adrenaline and histamine as possible mediators of the pituitary adrenocorticotrophic activation by stress. Endocrinology 56, 248–255 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  447. Guillemin, R., G. W. Clayton, J. D. Smith and H. S. Lipscomb: Ètude de la fonction corticosurrénalienne par la mesure simultanée de la corticostérone dans le sang périphérique et de l’acide ascorbique surrénalien. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 245, 1834–1836 (1957).Google Scholar
  448. Guillemin, R., G. W. Clayton, J. D. Smith and H. S. Lipscomb: Measurements of free corticosteroids in rat plasma: Physiological validation of a method. Endocrinology 63, 349–358 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  449. Guillemin, R., C. Fortier and H. S. Lipscomb: Comparison of in vitro and in vivo assaying procedures for rat adenohypophysial corticotrophin. Endocrinology 64, 310–312 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  450. Gurpide, E. H. G.: Influence of adrenocorticotrophin and hypophysectomy on the adrenal secretion of 17-hydroxycorticosterone. Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 29, 15–20 (1953).Google Scholar
  451. Haase, J.: Das Verhalten der histochemisch nachweisbaren Ascorbinsäure in der Nebennierenrinde von Meerschweinchen nach einseitiger Adrenalektomie, Kälteeinwirkung, Wasserentzug und Hunger. Endokrinologie 29, 1–22 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. Hadhazy, C., and L. Karmazsin: Regeneration of the adrenal cortex. Acta morph. Acad. Sci. hung. 3, 427–435 (1953).Google Scholar
  453. Hadlow, W. J.: Adrenal cortical atrophy in the dog. Amer. J. Path. 29, 353–361 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. Hagemann, U.: Das Verhalten der Hypophyse und Nebennieren bei experimentell induzierter kontrainsulinärer Adaptation. Beitr. path. Anat. 113, 121–132 (1953).Google Scholar
  455. Hala Sz, B.: Die Ruckwirkung von Cortisonzufuhr auf den Bau der Nebennierenrinde nach Hypothalamusläsion. Acta morph. Acad. Sci. hung. 6, 119–127 (1955).Google Scholar
  456. Halberg, F., M. J. Frantz and J. J. Bittner: Phase difference between 24-hour rhythms in cortical adrenal mitoses and blood eosinophils in the mouse. Anat. Rec. 129, 349–356 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  457. Halberg, F., R. E. Peterson and R. H. Silber: Phase relations of 24-hour periodicities in blood corticosterone, mitoses in cortical adrenal parenchyma, and total body activity. Endocrinology 64, 222–230 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  458. Hardy, J. D., V. B. Ward, M. D. Turner and L. P. Sampson: Further studies of human adrenal vein blood: Secretion of estrogens and 17-ketosteroids. Surgical Forum 8, 109–111 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. Harrison, R. G.: A comparative study of the vascularization of the adrenal gland in the rabbit, rat and cat. J. Anat. (Lond.) 85, 12–23 (1951a).Google Scholar
  460. Harrison, R. G.: The influence of unilateral nephrectomy on the production of experimental arthritis in the albino rat. Brit. med. J. 1951b. 2, 1299–1304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  461. Harrison, R. G.: The adrenal circulation in the rabbit. J. Endocrin. 15, 64–71 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  462. Harrison, R. G., and C. W. Asling: The anatomy and functional significance of the vascularization of the adrenal gland in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). J. Anat. (Loud.) 89, 106–113 (1955).Google Scholar
  463. Harrison, R. G., and A. J. Cain: Variations in the distribution of lipoids in the adrenal cortex of the albino rat. J. Anat. (Lond.) 81, 286–299 (1947).Google Scholar
  464. Hartman, F. A.: Notes on the adrenal of the sloth. Anat. Rec. 133, 105–113 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  465. Hartman, F. A. and R. H. Albertin: A preliminary study of the avian adrenal. Auk (Ithaca, N.Y.) 68, 202–209 (1951).Google Scholar
  466. Hartman, F. A. and K. A. Brownell: The Adrenal Gland. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger 1949.Google Scholar
  467. Hartman, F. A., F. F. Shelden and E. L. Green: Weights of interrenal glands of elasmobranchs. Anat. Rec. 87, 371–378 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  468. Hartman, F. A., R. A. Knouff, A. W. Mcnutt and J. E. Carver: Chromaffin patterns in bird adrenals. Anat. Rec. 97, 211–221 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  469. Hartman, F. A., R. A. Knouff, and G. A. Howard: Response of the pelican adrenal to various stimuli. Anat. Rec. 120, 469–493 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  470. Hartman, F. A., K. A. Brownell and T. Y. Liu: Blood flow through the dog adrenal. Amer. J. Physiol. 180, 375–377 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  471. Hartroft, P. M., and A. B. Eisenstein: Alterations in the adrenal cortex of the rat induced by sodium deficiency: Correlation of histologic changes with steroid hormone secretion. Endocrinology 60, 641–651 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  472. Hartroft, P. M., and W. S. Hartroft: Studies on renal juxtaglomerular cells. II. Correlation of the degree of granulation of juxtaglomerular cells with width of the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. J. exp. Med. 102, 205–212 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  473. Hatey, J.: Interrénal et acide ascorbique des poissons téléostéens. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 146, 566–568 (1952).Google Scholar
  474. Hatey, J.: Recherches sur la contrôle hypophysaire de l’interrénal antérieur d’un poisson téléostéen: l’anguille (Anguilla anguilla L.). Variation de l’acide ascorbique de l’interrénal antérieure consécutive à l’hypophysectomie. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 231–234 (1954a).Google Scholar
  475. Hatey, J.: Variation de l’acide ascorbique de l’interrénal antérieur après injection d’hormone corticotrope. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 324–327 (1954b).Google Scholar
  476. Hayano, M., and R. I. Dorfman: The enzymatic C-11 /3-hydroxylation of steroids. J. biol. Chem. 201, 175–188 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  477. Hayano, M., and R. I. Dorfman: On the mechanism of the C-11 /3-hydroxylation of steroids. J. biol. Chem. 211, 227–235 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  478. Hayes, E. R.: A rigorous re-definition of the plasmai reaction. Stain Tech. 24, 19–23 (1949)Google Scholar
  479. Haynes, R. C.: The activation of adrenal phosphorylase by the adrenocorticotropic hormone. J. biol. Chem. 233, 1220–1222 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. Haynes, R. C., K. Savard and R. I. Dorfman: An action of ACTH on adrenal slices. Science 116, 690–691 (1952).Google Scholar
  481. Hazelwood, R. L., L. L. Bennett and M. M. Nelson: Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on insulin sensitivity and response to ACTH of intact and diabetic rats. Endocrinology 58, 427–434 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  482. Hebard, W. B., and H. A. Charipper: A comparative study of the morphology and histo-chemistry of the reptilian adrenal gland. Zoologica, N. Y. 40, 101–124 (1955).Google Scholar
  483. Hebert, S., et Y. Barbarin: Etude histochimique de la cortico-surrénale du rat nouveau-né. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 147, 1886–1888 (1953).Google Scholar
  484. Trvan, VY and J. Verne: L’activité androgène du cortex surrénal chez le rat nouveau-né. Ann. Endocr. (Paris) 15, 493–498 (1954).Google Scholar
  485. Heffron, R.: Pneumonia. New York: Commonwealth Fund 1939.Google Scholar
  486. Heni, F., P. Gruner and. H. Mast: Untersuchungen über die Eigenleistung der Nebennieren-rinde hypophysektomierter Ratten. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 11, 229–244 (1952).Google Scholar
  487. Herrick, E. H., and O. Torstveit: Some effects of adrenalectomy in fowls. Endocrinology 22, 469–473 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  488. Hertz, R., M. J. Allen and W. W. Tullner: Effects of Amphenone “B” on thyroid, adrenals, and genital tract of the female rat. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 75, 627–630 (1950).Google Scholar
  489. Hertz, R., W. W. Tullner and M. J. Allen: Selective inhibition of adrenal and thyroid stimulating effect of Amphenone B by cortisone and thyroxine. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 77, 480–481 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  490. Hertz, R., J. A. Schricker, F. G. Dhyse and L. F. Hallman: Studies on amphenone and related compounds. Recent Progr. Hormone Res. 11, 119–147 (1955).Google Scholar
  491. Hertz, R., D. M. Bergenstal, H. A. Lubs and S. J. Jackson: Observations on adrenal carcinoma with special reference to the effects of amphenone. Cancer (N..Y) 10, 765–776 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  492. Hess, M., E. G. Rennels and J. C. Finerty: Response of preputial and adrenal glands of hypophysectomized rats to ACTH. Endocrinology 52, 223–227 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  493. Hett, J.: Ein Beitrag zur Histogenese der menschlichen Nebenniere. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 3, 179–282 (1925).Google Scholar
  494. Hett, J.: Blutbildung in den Nebennieren. Z. Zellforsch. 33, 389–404 (1945).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  495. Hill, A. G. S., H. W. Deane and A. H. Coons: Localization of antigen in tissue cells. V. Capsular polysaccharide of Friedländer bacillus, type B, in the mouse. J. exp. Med. 92, 35–44 (1950).Google Scholar
  496. Hill, W. C. O.: Observations on the growth of the suprarenal cortex. J. Anat. (Lond.) 64, 479–502 (1930).Google Scholar
  497. Hill, W. C. O.: The suprarenal cortex in monkeys of the genus Pithecus. J. Anat. (Lond.) 68, 19–38 (1933).Google Scholar
  498. Hill, W. C. O.: The suprarenals of the larger Felidae. J. Anat. (Lond.) 72, 71–82 (1937).Google Scholar
  499. Hilton, J. G., D. C. Weaver, C. Muelheims, V. V. Glaviano and R. Wégria: Perfusion of the isolated adrenals in situ. Amer. J. Physiol. 192, 523–530 (1958).Google Scholar
  500. Hilton, J. G., L. F. Scian, C. D. Westermann and O. R. Kruesi: Direct stimulation of adrenocortical secretion by synthetic vasopressin in the dog. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 100, 523–524 (1959).Google Scholar
  501. Hoch-Ligeti, C., and G. H. Bourne: Changes in the concentration and histological distribution of the ascorbic acid in the ovaries, adrenals and livers of rats during the oestrous cycle. Brit. J. exp. Path. 29, 400–407 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  502. Hoede, K.: Über den Einfluß langfristigen Cortisonvorbehandlung auf die hämorrhagische Nekrose der Nebennierenrinde nach Diphtherietoxinvergiftung. Endokrinologie 33, 279–286 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  503. Hoerr, N. L.: The cells of the suprarenal cortex in the guinea pig, their reaction to injury and their replacement. Amer. J. Anat. 48, 139–197 (1931).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  504. Hoerr, N. L.: On osmic acid as a microchemical reagent with special reference to lipins. Anat. Rec. 66, 149–171 (1936a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  505. Hoerr, N. L.: A cytological analysis of the liposomes in the adrenal cortex of the guinea pig. Anat. Rec. 66, 317–342 (1936b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  506. Hofmann, F. G.: Observations on in vitro adrenal steroid synthesis in the albino mouse. Endocrinology 59, 712–715 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  507. Hofmann, F. G.:The in vitro hydroxylation of 21-carbon steroids by rat adrenal glands. Endocrinology 60, 382–389 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  508. Hohlweg, W., U. U. Laschet: Zur Frage der Cortison-und Corticotrophin-Wirkung auf das Hypophysen-Nebennierenrinden-System. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 32, 437–447 (1959).Google Scholar
  509. Hokin, M. R., L. E. Hokin, M. Saffran, A. V. Schally and B. U. Zimmermann: Phospholipides and the secretion of adrenocorticotropin and of corticosteroid. J. biol. Chem. 233, 811–813 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  510. Holland, R. C.: The effect of hypoxia on the fetal rat adrenal. Anat. Rec. 130, 177–195 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  511. Holmes, W., and D. E. Moorhouse: The peri-renal tissue of Protopterus. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 97, 123–154 (1956).Google Scholar
  512. Holmes, W. N.: Variations in adrenal ascorbic acid concentration of the hamster during the pre-hibernatory period. Endocrinology 57, 409–413 (1955a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  513. Holmes, W. N.: Histological variations in the adrenal cortex of the golden hamster with special reference to the X zone. Anat. Rec. 122, 271–293 (1955b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  514. Holzbauer, M.: The corticosterone content of rat adrenals under different experimental conditions. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 139, 294–305 (1957a).Google Scholar
  515. Holzbauer, M.: The effects of oestrogens on the secretory capacity of the rat adrenal cortex in vivo. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 139, 306–315 (1957b).Google Scholar
  516. Holzbauer, M., and M. Vogt: Functional changes produced in the adrenal cortex of the rat by the administration or by release of corticotrophin. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 138, 449–459 (1957a).Google Scholar
  517. Holzbauer, M., and M. Vogt: Restoration of normal secretion in the hexoestrol-inhibited adrenal cortex of the rat. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 138, 460–472 (1957b).Google Scholar
  518. Horn, E. H.: Nutritional and hormonal influences upon reproductive maturation, organ weights and histochemistry of the immature male rat. Endocrinology 57, 399–408 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  519. Houssay, A. B., A. F. Cardeza, B. A. Houssay and R. M. Pinto: Facteurs susceptibles de modifier l’apparition et la fonction des tumeurs surrénales chez les rats castrés. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 148, 2123–2125 (1954).Google Scholar
  520. Houssay, B. A.: Hypophyseal functions in the toad Bufo arenarum Hensel. Quart. Rev. Biol. 24, 1–27 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  521. Houssay, B. A., and R. Sammartino: Histology of the adrenals of hypophysectomized dogs (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 9, 209–219 (1933a).Google Scholar
  522. Houssay, B. A., and R. Sammartino: Modifications histologiques de la surrénale chez les chiens hypophysoprivés ou a tuber lisé. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 114, 717–721 (1933b).Google Scholar
  523. Houssay, B. A., A. B. Houssay, A. F. Cardeza, V. G. Foglia and R. M. Pinto: Adrenal tumors in gonadectomized rats. Acta physiol. lat.-amer. 3, 125–130 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  524. Houssay, B. A., A. B. Houssay, A. F. Cardeza, and R. M. Pinto: Tumeurs surrénales oestrogéniques et tumeurs hypophysaires chez les animaux castrés. J. suisse Méd. 85, 291–308 (1955).Google Scholar
  525. Houssay, H. E. J.: Change in the thyroid and adrenal after hypophysectomy of the rat (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 18, 410–415 (1942).Google Scholar
  526. Houssay, R. H.: Sensitivity to histamine in rats with accessory or demedullated adrenals (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 31, 131–146 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Howard, A. N., and D. B. Cater: The adrenal cortex and the effect of ACTH and cortisone in scorbutic guinea pigs. J. Endocrin. 18, 175–185 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  528. Howard, A. N., and B. J. Constarle: The metabolism of adrenocorticotrophic hormone and ascorbic acid in the chick. Biochem. J. 69, 501–505 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  529. Howard, E.: A transitory zone in the adrenal cortex which shows age and sex relationships. Amer. J. Anat. 40, 251–293 (1927).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  530. Howard, E.: The representations of the adrenal X zone in rats, in light of observations on the X zone variability in mice. Amer. J. Anat. 62, 351–374 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  531. Huxn, A., u. P. Sohneppenheim: Über die Morphologie der Nebenniere von Ratten bei Transplantationstumoren. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 326, 46–72 (1954).Google Scholar
  532. Hummel, K. P.: Accessory adrenal cortical nodules in the mouse. Anat. Rec. 132, 281–295 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  533. Humphreys, E. M., and L. Donaldson: Degeneration of the adrenal cortex produced by Germanin. Amer. J. Path. 17, 767–775 (1941).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Hungerford, G. F.: The effect of age in determining the adrenal response to a sodium low diet. Anat. Rec. 133, 394–395 (1959).Google Scholar
  535. Hunt, T. E., and E. A. Hunt: Glycogen in the adrenal gland of rats at different ages. Anat. Rec. 133, 537–551 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  536. Hurley, L. S., and A. F. Morgan: Carbohydrate metabolism and adrenocortical function in the panthothenic acid-deficient rat. J. biol. Chem. 195, 583–590 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  537. Hutchison, W. C., J. K. Burns and A. J. Hale: The deoxyribonucleic acid content of guinea-pig adrenal nuclei after administration of corticotrophin. Exp. Cell Res. 14, 193 to 200 (1958).Google Scholar
  538. Iglesias, R., and E. Mardones: Influence of hormones on the growth of a transplantable suprarenal tumour. Brit. J. Cancer 12, 28–31 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  539. Ingle, D. J.: Resistance of the rat to histamine shock after destruction of the adrenal medulla. Amer. J. Physiol. 118, 57–63 (1937).Google Scholar
  540. Ingle, D. J.: The biologic properties of cortisone: A review. J. clin. Endocrin. 10, 1312–1354 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  541. Ingle, D. J.: Control of regeneration of the adrenal cortex in the rat. In: R. C. Christman, Ed., Pituitary-Adrenal Function, 49–55. Washington: Amer. Ass. Advance Science 1951.Google Scholar
  542. Ingle, D. J., and G. M. Higgins: Regeneration of the adrenal gland following enucleation. Amer. J. med. Sci. 196, 232–239 (1938a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  543. Ingle, D. J., and G. M. Higgins: Autotransplantation and regeneration of the adrenal gland. Endocrinology 22, 458–464 (1938b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  544. Ingle, D. J., and E. C. Kendall: Atrophy of the adrenal cortex in the rat produced by administration of large amounts of cortin. Anat. Rec. 71, 363–372 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  545. Ingle, D. J., M. C. Prestrud and C. H. LI: Effects of administering adrenocorticotrophic hormone by continuous injection to normal rats. Amer. J. Physiol. 166, 165–170 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  546. Ito, T.: Histology and histogenesis of the adrenal cortex in the guinea pig. Okajimas Folia anat. jap. 24, 269–289 (1952).Google Scholar
  547. Ito, T.: The histology of the adrenal cortex of the postpuberally castrated male mouse. Okajimas Folia anat. jap. 26, 271–283 (1954).Google Scholar
  548. Ito, T.: Postnatal histogenesis of the adrenal cortex of the golden hamster. Okajimas Folia anat. jap. 29, 67–92 (1956).Google Scholar
  549. Jackson, C. M.: The postnatal development of the suprarenal gland — and the effects of inanition upon its growth and structure in the albino rat. Amer. J. Anat. 25, 221–289 (1919).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  550. Jacquot, R.: Recherches sur le controle hormonal du glycogène hépatique chez le foetus de rat. J. Physiol. (Paris) 47, 857–866 (1955).Google Scholar
  551. Jailer, J. W.: The pituitary-adrenal relationship in the infant rat. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 72, 638–639 (1949).Google Scholar
  552. Jailer, J. W.: The maturation of the pituitary-adrenal axis in the newborn rat. Endocrinology 46, 420–425 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  553. Jailer, J. W., and N. F. Boas: The inability of epinephrine or adrenocorticotropic hormone to deplete the ascorbic acid content of the chick adrenal. Endocrinology 46, 314–318 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  554. Jailer, J. W., J. J. Gold and E. Z. Wallace: Evaluation of the “cortisone test” as diagnostic acid in differentiating adrenal hyperplasia from adrenal neoplasia. Amer. J. Med. 16, 340–345 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  555. Jailer, J. W., N. P. Christy, D. Longson, E. Z. Wallace and W. E. L. Gordon: Further observations on adrenal cortical function during pregnancy. Amer. J. Obstet. Gynec. 78, 1–10 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  556. Jardetzky, C. D., and D. Glick: Determination of succinic dehydrogenase in microgram amounts of tissue and its distribution in rat adrenal. J. biol. Chem. 218, 283–292 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  557. Jayne, E. P.: Cytology of the adrenal gland of the rat at different ages. Anat. Rec. 115, 459–483 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  558. Jayne, E. P.: Histochemical and degenerative changes in the adrenal cortex of the rat with age. J. Geront. 12, 2–8 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  559. Jenkins, J. J., J. W. Meakin, D. H. Nelson and G. W. Thorn: Inhibition of adrenal steroid 11-oxygenation in the dog. Science 128, 478–479 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  560. Jenkins, J. J., J. W. Meakin, D. H. Nelson and G. W. Thorn: A comparison of the inhibitory effects of 2-methyl-1,2-bis(3-pyridyl)-1-propanone and amphenone B on adrenocortical secretion in the rat. Endocrinology 64, 572–578 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  561. Johannes, A., H. Staudinger and. H. Wtlz: Stoffwechsel der Nebennierenrinde und Biosynthese der Corticosteroide. X. Wirkung von überlebenden Nebermierengewebe. Biochem. Z. 327, 484–490 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  562. Johnstone, F. R. C.: The suprarenal veins. Amer. J. Surg. 94, 615–620 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  563. Jones, J. M., C. W. Lloyd and T. C. Wyatt: A study of the interrelationships of maternal and fetal adrenal glands of rats. Endocrinology 53, 182–191 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  564. Jones, R. S., Y. C. Mayne and K. Eik-Nes: C14 labeled bacterial polysaccharide and adrenal cortical function in the guinea pig. Endocrinology 62, 843–852 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  565. Josni, R. A., and H. T. Blumenthal: Alteration of homotransplantability of rat adrenal and aorta by dehydration freezing. Lab. Invest. 7, 19–29 (1958).Google Scholar
  566. Josiiovicu, J. B., A. J. Ladman and H. W. Deane: A histophysiological study of the developing adrenal cortex of the rat during fetal and early postnatal stages. Endocrinology 54, 627–639 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  567. Jost, A.: Influence de la décapitation sur le développement du tractus genital et des surrénales de l’embryon de lapin. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 142, 273–275 (1948).Google Scholar
  568. Jost, A.: Problems of fetal endocrinology: The gonadal and hypophyseal hormones. Recent Progr. Hormone Res. 8, 379–418 (1953).Google Scholar
  569. Jost, A.: Hormonal factors in the development of the fetus. Cold Spr. Harb. Symp. quant. Biol. 19, 167–181 (1954).Google Scholar
  570. Jost, A., and P. Grandou: Action opposée sur la surrénale du rat, de l’hydrocortisone et de la 9-xfluoro-11-ß-hydroxy-17-a-methyltestostérone. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 152, 896–898 (1958).Google Scholar
  571. Jost, A., and R. Jacquot: Recherches sur les facteurs endocriniens de la charge en glycogène du foie foetal chez le lapin (avec des indications sur le glycogène placentaire). Ann. Endocr. (Paris) 16, 849–872 (1955).Google Scholar
  572. Jost, A., and A. Cohen: Sur les interrelations entre les hormones corticosurrénaliennes maternelles et la surré ale du foetus de rat. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 1319–1322 (1955).Google Scholar
  573. Junkmann, K.: Die physiologische Chemie der inneren Sekretion. In: B. Flaschenträger and E. Leunartz, Herausgeb., Physiologische Chemie, Bd. II/2 b, 425–627. Berlin: Springer 1957.Google Scholar
  574. Kalant, O. J.: The effects of testosterone propionate, ACTH and cortisone acetate on the succinoxidase activity of the adrenal gland of the rat. Endocrinology 62, 237–244 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  575. Kalant, O. J., and E. A. Sellers: The influence of age and sex on the succinoxidase activity of the adrenal gland of the rat. Endocrinology 55, 777–781 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  576. Kalant, O. J., and E. A. Sellers: The effects of sex hormones on the succinoxidase activity of the adrenal gland of the rat. Endocrinology 61, 264–270 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  577. Kampmeier, O. F.: Giant epithelial cells of the human fetal adrenal. Anat. Rec. 37, 95–102 (1927).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  578. Kaplan, M. H., A. H. Coons and H. W. Deane: Cellular deposition of pneumococcal polysaccharides types II and III in the mouse. J. exp. Med. 91, 15–30 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  579. Kar, A. B.: The adrenal cortex testicular relations in the fowl: The effect of castration and replacement therapy on the adrenal cortex. Anat. Rec. 99, 177–197 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  580. Kar, A. B.: Studies in the distribution and concentration of alkaline phosphatase in the adrenal cortex of normal and of sex hormone treated pigeons. Endocrinology 46, 363–366 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  581. Kar, A. B.: Changes in the distribution of ascorbic acid and sudanophilia in the adrenal cortex of mice after prolonged stimulation with adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). Anat. Anz. 100, 39–46 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  582. Kar, A. B., J. N. Karhun and N. N. DE: The effect of 19-nortestosterone on the adrenal cortex of the rat. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 25, 238–248 (1957).Google Scholar
  583. Karnovsky, M. L., and H. W. Deane: Aldehyde formation in the lipide droplets of the adrenal cortex during fixation, as demonstrated chemically and histochemically. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 3, 85–102 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  584. Kass, E. H., O. Hechter, I. A. Macchi and T. W. Mou: Changes in patterns of secretion of corticosteroids in rabbits after prolonged treatment with ACTH. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 85, 583–587 (1954).Google Scholar
  585. Katsura, H.: Comparative studies on the respiratory enzyme activities of thyroid, adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla. Endocr. jap. 2, 155–162 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  586. Kay, W. W., and R. Whitehead: The suprarenal in cholesterol-fed rabbits. J. Path. Bact. 41, 293–301 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  587. Kayser, C., and M. Aron: Le cycle saisonnier des glandes endocrines chez les hibernants. Arch. Anat. (Strasbourg) 33, 21–42 (1950).Google Scholar
  588. Keene, M. F. L., and E. E. Hewer: Observations on the development of the human adrenal gland. J. Anat. (Lond.) 61, 302–324 (1927).Google Scholar
  589. Kelly, T. L., E. D. Nielson, R. B. Johnson and C. S. Vestling: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase of adrenal tissue. J. biol. Chem. 212, 545–554 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  590. Kenyon, A. T.: Adrenal cortical tumors — physiologic considerations. Surgery 16, 194–232 (1944).Google Scholar
  591. King, J. T., C. B. Casas and M. B. Visscher: The influence of estrogen on cancer incidence and adrenal changes in ovariectomized mice on caloric restriction. Cancer Res. 9, 436–437 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  592. Kingsbury, J. W., S. L. Emery and A. E. Adams: Effects of thiourea on the adrenal glands of chick embryos. Endocrinology 56, 299–304 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  593. Kirschbaum, A., M. Frantz and W. L. Williams Neoplasms of the adrenal cortex in noncastrate mice. Cancer Res. 6, 707–711 (1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  594. Kiss, T.: Experimentell-morphologische Analyse der Nebenniereninnervation. Acta anat. 13, 81–89 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  595. Kitay, J. I., D. A. Holub and J. W. Jailer: Evidence for species specificity of human, beef and rat ACTH demonstrated by assay in vitro. Progr. 41st. Meet. Endocr. Soc., 34–35 (1959).Google Scholar
  596. Kitchell, R. L.: Compensatory hypertrophy of the intact adrenal of fetal rats subjected to unilateral adrenalectomy. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 75, 824–827 (1950).Google Scholar
  597. Kitchell, R. L., and L. J. Wells: Reciprocal relation between the hypophysis and adrenals in fetal rats: Effects of unilateral adrenalectomy and of implanted cortisone, DOCA and sex hormones. Endocrinology 50, 83–93 (1952a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  598. Kitchell, R. L., and L. J. Wells: Functioning of the hypophysis and adrenals in fetal rats: Effects of hypophysectomy, adrenalectomy, castration, injected ACTH and implanted sex hormones. Anat. Rec. 112, 561–591 (1952b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  599. Klärner, P.: Veränderungen an Nebenniere und Hypophyse der Ratte nach vielmonatiger Zufuhr von ACTH. Beitr. path. Anat. 115, 488–513 (1955).Google Scholar
  600. Klein, R., and A. Rovnanek: ACTH response in newborn infants. In: L. I. Gardner, Ed., Adrenal Function in Infants and Children, 46–61. New York: Grune and Stratton 1956.Google Scholar
  601. Klein, R., J. Fortunato and C. Papadatos: Free blood corticoids in the newborn infant. J. clin. Invest. 33, 35–37 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  602. Kline, I. T.: Potentiation by squalene of adrenal and thymic responses to corticotropin. Endocrinology 61, 85–92 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  603. Kline, I. T.: Studies on squalene potentiation of thymic response to corticotropin. Endocrinology 63, 335–344 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  604. Kloos, K., and. H.-J. Staemmler: Zur Morphologie und Pathophysiologie der Nebennierenrinde von Feten und Neugeborenen. Ein Beitrag zum Problem der diaplacentaren Regulation des Interrenalsystems. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 324, 285–306 (1953).Google Scholar
  605. Klose, H.-G.: Über den Einfluß der Kastration auf Schilddrüse, Hypophyse und Interrenalsystem der Urodelen. Z. wiss. Zool. 155, 46–108 (1941).Google Scholar
  606. Klotz, H. P., and F. Kahn: A propos du controle central de la sécrétion d’aldostérone. Ann Endocr. (Paris) 18, 587–591 (1957).Google Scholar
  607. Knab, J.: Untersuchungen über den histochemischen Nachweis von Vitamin C in der Niere und Nebenniere von Sauropsiden. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 52, 418–439 (1942).Google Scholar
  608. Knigge, K. M.: The effect of hypophysectomy on the adrenal gland of the hamster (Meso-cricetus auratus). Amer. J. Anat. 94, 225–272 (1954a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  609. Knigge, K. M.: Response of the hamster’s adrenal cortex to desoxycorticosterone acetate, with observations on the kidney, thyroid and hypophysis. Endocrinology 55, 731–744 (1954b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  610. Knigge, K. M.: The effect of starvation on the adrenal cortex of the hamster. Anat. Rec. 120, 555–582 (1954c).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  611. Knigge, K. M.: Influence of DCA and cortisone on adrenal glands of fed and acutely starved hamsters. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 88, 348–351 (1955).Google Scholar
  612. Knigge, K. M.: Influence of cold exposure upon the endocrine glands of the hamster, with an apparent dichotomy between morphological and functional response of the thyroid. Anat. Rec. 127, 75–96 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  613. Knobil, E.: Effects of hypophysectomy, ACTH, cortisone and estradiol on the ß-glucuronidase activity of adrenal gland in the rat. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 83, 769–770 (1953).Google Scholar
  614. Knobil, E. and F. N. Briggs: Fetal-maternal interrelations: The hypophyseal-adrenal system. Endocrinology 57, 147–152 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  615. Knobil, E. and M. J. Fregly: Effect of ascorbic acid on the adrenal gland after hypophysectomy and alter exposure to cold. Endocrinology 56, 614–616 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  616. Knobil, E. and R. O. Greet: Serum electrolytes in the hypophysectomized rhesus monkey. Endocrinology 62, 61–63 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  617. Knobil, E., F. G. Hofmann and R. O. Greep: Failure of methylandrostenediol to prevent compensatory atrophy of the adrenal in the rhesus monkey. Endocrinology 53, 242–244 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  618. Knobil, E., M. G. Hagney, E. J. Wilder and F. N. Briggs: Simplified method for determination of total adrenal cholesterol. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 87, 48–50 (1954a).Google Scholar
  619. Knobil, E., A. Morse, F. G. Hofmann and R. O. Greet: A histologic and histochemical study of hypophyseal-adrenal cortical relationships in the rhesus monkey. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 17, 229–238 (1954b).Google Scholar
  620. Knobil, E., R. C. Wolf and R. O. Greep: The action of bovine, porcine and simian growth hormone preparations on the costochondral junction in the hypophysectomized rhesus monkey. Endocrinology 62, 348–354 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  621. Knouff, R. A., and F. A. Hartman: A microscopic study of the adrenal of the Brown Pelican. Anat. Rec. 109, 161–188 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  622. Knouff, R. A., J. B. Brown and B. M. Schneider: Correlated chemical and histological studies of the adrenal lipids. I. The effect of extreme muscular activity on the adrenal lipids of the guinea pig. Anat. Rec. 79, 17–38 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  623. Knowlton, A. I., E. N. Loeb, H. C. Stoerk and B. C. Seegal: Desoxycorticosterone acetate. The potentiation of its activity by sodium chloride. J. exp. Med. 85, 187–198 (1947).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  624. Knowlton, A. I., B. C. Seegal and H. C. Stoerk: Desoxycorticosterone acetate: Studies on the reversibility of its effect on blood pressure and renal damage in rats. Endocrinology 45, 435–445 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  625. Kolino, S.: Zur vergleichenden Histologie und Embryologie der Nebenniere der Sanger und des Menschen. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 77, 419–480 (1925).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  626. Kolmer, W.: Zur vergleichenden Histologie, Zytologie und Entwicklungsgeschichte der Säugernebenniere. Arch. mikr. Anat. 91 (I), 1–139 (1918).Google Scholar
  627. Komrad, E. L., and L. C. Wyman: Histamine tolerance in rats with intramuscular adrenocortical transplants. Endocrinology 49, 481–483 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  628. Korenchevsky, V.: Natural relative hypoplasia of organs and the process of ageing. J. Path. Bact. 54, 13–24 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  629. Kornfeld, W.: Gonadal effects upon the growth of pituitary, adrenals, thyroids, oviduct and comb of immature fowl. Anat. Rec. 128, 419–431 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  630. Korrrissy, B., J. Török u. K. Koviics: Endokrine Veränderungen bei experimenteller akuter Gerbsäurevergiftung, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Nebennierenrinde. Acta physiol. Acad. Sci. hung. 1, 113–124 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  631. Kovkcs, K., and M. A. Dkid: Effect of cortisone on the morphological reactions of the adrenal cortex due to changes in the Na/K intake. Acta anat. 36, 169–181 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  632. Kovkcs, K., and. A. Jakobovits: Über die Funktion der in die Milz überpflanzten Nebenniere. Endokrinologie 30, 303–310 (1953).Google Scholar
  633. Kowalewski, K.: Effect of corticotrophin on the plasma 17-hydroxycorticosteroids in normal and thiouracil treated guinea pigs. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 27, 257–261 (1958)Google Scholar
  634. Kracht, J.: Zur Dauer der Nebennierenrinden-Aktivierung nach ACTH und ACTH-Depot. Naunyn-Schmiedebergs Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak. 223, 355–361 (1954).Google Scholar
  635. Kracht, J.: Sogenannte Rebound-Phänomen an der Nebennierenrinde nach Zufuhr von Glukocorticoiden. Endokrinologie 35, 290–296 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  636. Kracht, J. and. M. Spaethe: Über Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Schilddrüse und Nebennierenrinde. I. Der Thyreo-corticotrope Phasenwechsel in der Sekretionsbiologie des Hypophysenvorderlappens. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 323, 174–193 (1953a).Google Scholar
  637. Kracht, J., and. M. Spaethe: II. Untersuchungen über den „Hypophysenhemmstoff“ p-Oxypropiophenon. Virchow Arch. path. Anat. 323, 629–644 (1953b).Google Scholar
  638. Kracht, J., and. M. Spaethe: Die Karyometrie der Nebennierenrinde und ihre Fehlerquellen. Z. wiss. Mikr 62, 227–233 (1955).Google Scholar
  639. Krauter, D.: Zur Histologie der Nebennieren der Knochenfische Mikrokosmos 41, 10–12 (1951).Google Scholar
  640. Krisch, K., and H. Staudinger: Isolierung von Cytochrom b5 aus Nebennieren. Biochem. Z. 331, 37–45 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  641. Krisch, K., and H. Staudinger: Zur Wirkung von Ascorbinsäure und Cytochrom b5 auf die mikrosomal DPNHOxydation. Biochem. Z. 331, 195–208 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  642. Krohn, P. L.: The effect of ACTH and cortisone on the survival of skin homografts and on the adrenal glands of monkeys (Macaca mulatta). J. Endocrin. 12, 220–226 (1955)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  643. Küchmeister, H., G. Pliess U. W. Wilhelm: Untersuchungen über die fraktionierte Schädi-gung der Nebennierenrinde des Hundes mit 2,2-Bis(parachlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane (D.D.D.). Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 20, 39–49 (1955).Google Scholar
  644. Kumita: Über die parenchymatösen Lymphobahnen der Nebenniere. Arch. Anat. Physiol. Lpz. 1909, 321–326.Google Scholar
  645. Ladman, A. J., and H. W. Deane: The effect of the administration of ACTH or chorionic gonadotrophin on the adrenal cortex of the neonatal rat. Anat. Rec. 122, 481 (1955)Google Scholar
  646. Laeschke, R.: Die physiologischen und vom Verhalten der Keimdrüsen abhängenden Ver-änderung der Nebennierenrinde des erwachsenen Menschen. Z. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 57, 1–84 (1951).Google Scholar
  647. Landing, B. H., and D. Feriozi: Effects of ACTH and cortisone on the adrenals and pituitaries of children with acute leukemia. J. clin. Endocr. 14, 901–921 (1954a).Google Scholar
  648. Landing, B. H., and D. Feriozi: Effect of ACTH on the adrenals in the nephrotic syndrome and rheumatic fever. J. clin. Endocr. 14, 1023–1028 (1954b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  649. Lane, N., and R. C. Bodo: Generalized adrenocortical atrophy in hypophysectomized dogs and correlated functional studies. Amer. J. Physiol. 168, 1–19 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  650. Langecker, H., and R. Lurie: Die Hemmung der Corticotropin-Sekretion durch Steroide. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 25, 54–58 (1957).Google Scholar
  651. Lanman, J. T.: The fetal zone of the adrenal gland. Its developmental course, comparative anatomy, and possible physiologic functions. Med tine (Baltimore) 32, 389–430 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  652. Lanman, J. T.: The adrenal fetal zone: Its occurrence in primates and a possible relationship to chorionic gonadotropin. Endocrinology 61, 684–691 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  653. Lanman, J. T., and L. M. Silverman: In vitro steroidogenesis in the human neonatal adrenal gland, including observations on human adult and monkey adrenal glands. Endocrinology 60, 433–445 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  654. Laqueur, G. L., S. M. Mccann, L. H. Schreiner, E. Rosenberg, D. M. Rioch and E. Anderson: Alterations of adrenal cortical and ovarian activity following hypothalamic lesions. Endocrinology 57, 44–54 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  655. Laragh, J. H., and H. C. Stoerk: A study of the mechanism of secretion of the sodium-retaining hormone (aldosterone). J. clin. Invest. 36, 383–392 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  656. Larson, P. S., G. R. Hennigar, J. K. Finnegan, R. B. Smith, JR., and H. B. Haag: Obser-vations on the relation of chemical structure to the production of adrenal cortical atrophy or hypertrophy in the dog by derivatives of 2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane (DDD, TDE). J. Pharmacol. 115, 408–412 (1955).Google Scholar
  657. Latimer, H. B.: The relative postnatal growth of the systems and organs of the chicken. Anat. Rec. 31, 233–253 (1925).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  658. Latimer, H. B.: The prenatal growth of the cat. IX. The ponderal growth of the hypophysis, thyroid, thymus and suprarenal glands. Growth 3, 337–347 (1939a).Google Scholar
  659. Latimer, H. B.: The weights of the hypophysis, thyroid and suprarenals in the adult cat. Growth 3, 435–445 (1939b).Google Scholar
  660. Latimer, H. B.: Weights, percentage weights and correlations of the endocrine glands of the adult male guinea pig. Anat. Rec. 111, 299–316 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  661. Latimer, H. B.: Growth of the hypophysis, thyroid and suprarenals in the fetal dog. Anat. Rec. 120, 495–514 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  662. Latimer, H. B. and J. A. Rosenbaum: A quantitative study of the anatomy of the turkey hen. Anat. Rec. 34, 15–23 (1926).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  663. Latimer, H. B. and P. B. Sawin: Morphogenetic studies of the rabbit. XIII The influence of the dwarf gene upon organ size and varability in race X. Anat. Rec. 123, 447–466 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  664. Lelle, F. W.: A study of hormonal factors on the early sex development of the golden hamster. Contr. Embryol. Carneg. Inst. 34, 19–54 (1951).Google Scholar
  665. Lazo-Wasem, E. A.: Pituitary ACTH concentration during adrenal involution following thiouracil. Fed. Proc. 11, 270 (1959).Google Scholar
  666. Leatkem, J. H.: Influence of testosterone propionate on the adrenals and testes of hypophysectomized rats. Anat. Rec. 89, 155–161 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  667. Leatkem, J. H.: Plasma protein concentrations and organ weights of rats as related to a high protein diet. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 64, 90–92 (1947).Google Scholar
  668. Leatkem, J. H.: The response of the mouse adrenal gland to steroid hormones. Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2, 239–243 (1949).Google Scholar
  669. Leatkem, J. H.: The adrenal and dietary protein. Arch. int. Pharmacodyn. 110, 103–113 (1957).Google Scholar
  670. Leatkem, J. H. and L. A. Stauber: Adrenal lipid and alkaline phosphatase in hamsters infected with Leishmania donovani. Endocrinology 50, 311–317 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  671. Leblond, C. P., and W. U. Gardner: Distribution of vitamin C in the adrenal gland of the mouse with reference to the nature of the X zone. Anat. Rec. 72, 119–129 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  672. Leloup-Hatey, J.: Le cholestérol de l’interrénal antérieur de quelques poissons téléostéens. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol. (Paris) 39, 1311–1320 (1957).Google Scholar
  673. Leloup-Hatey, J.: Influence de l’agitation motrice sur la teneur du plasma en 17-hydroxy-corticostéroïds d’un téléostéen: la carpe (Cyprinus carpio L.). C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 1088–1091 (1958).Google Scholar
  674. Leroy, P., and J. Benoit: Surrénalectomie bilaterale chez la canard mâle adulte: Action sur le testicule. J. Physiol. (Paris) 46, 422–428 (1954).Google Scholar
  675. Leulier, A., and L. Revol: Sur la répartition du cholestérol et de ses éthers dans les capsules surrénales. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 190, 657–659 (1930).Google Scholar
  676. Lever, J. D.: Observations on the adrenal blood vessels in the rat. J. Anat. (Lond.) 86, 459–467 (1952).Google Scholar
  677. Lever, J. D.: Nerve fibres in the adrenal cortex of the rat. Nature (Lond.) 171, 882 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  678. Lever, J. D.: Vascular zoning in the adrenal cortex of the normal and hypophysectomized rat with observations on the distribution of lipids. J. Endocrin. 10, 133–146 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  679. Lever, J. D.: Cellular-vascular relationships in the adrenal cortex, as studied in the rat. Ciba Foundn. Coll. Endocrinol. 8, 42–48 (1955a).Google Scholar
  680. Lever, J. D.: Adreno-cortical histogenesis in the rat: with observations on lipid and ascorbic acid distribution. J. Anat. (Lond.) 89, 293–300 (1955b).Google Scholar
  681. Lever, J. D.: Electron miscroscopic observations on the adrenal cortex. Amer. J. Anat. 97, 409–430 (1955c).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  682. Lever, J. D.: Cytological studies on the hypophysectomized rat adrenal cortex: the alterations of its fine structure following ACTH administration and on lowering the Na/K ratio. Endocrinology 58, 163–180 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  683. Levin, M. E., and W. H. Daughaday: The influence of the thyroid on adrenocortical function. J. clin. Endocrin. 15, 1499–1511 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  684. Levinsky, N. G., and W. H. Sawyer: Influence of the adenohypophysis on the frog water-balance response. Endocrinology 51, 110–116 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  685. Levy, H. H. W. Deane and B. L. Rubin: Observations on steroid-3ß-ol-dehydrogenase activity in steroid-producing glands. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 7, 320 (1959a).Google Scholar
  686. Levy, H. H. W. Deane and B. L. Rubin: Visualization of steroid-3 ß-ol-dehydrogenase activity in tissues of intact and hypophysectomized rats. Endocrinology 65, 932–943 (1959b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  687. Lewis, R. A., E. Rosemberg and L. Wilkins: The effects of 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone upon the adrenals of normal and of hypophysectomized rats maintained with adrenocorticotropin. Endocrinology 47, 414–417 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  688. Li, C. H., P. Fonss-Bech, I. I. Geschwind, T. Hayashida, G. F. Hungerford, A. J. Lostroh, W. R. Lyons, H. D. Moon, W. O. Reinhardt and M. Sideman: Corticotropins (ACTH). X. Biological investigations of a-corticotropin. J. exp. Med. 105, 335–360 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  689. Liddle, G. W., L. E. Duncan, JR., and F. C. Bartter: Dual mechanism regulating adrenocortical function in man. Amer. J. Med. 21, 380–386 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  690. Liddle, G. W., D. Island, E. M. Lance and A. P. Harris: Alterations of adrenal steroid patterns in man resulting from treatment with a chemical inhibitor of 11 ß-hydroxylation. J. clin. Endocrin. 18, 906–912 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  691. Liebegott, G.: Studien zur Orthologie und Pathologie der Nebennieren. Beitr. path. Anat. 109, 93–178 (1944).Google Scholar
  692. Liebegott, G.: Die Pathologie der Nebennieren. Verh. dtsch. path. Ges. 36, 21–68 (1952)Google Scholar
  693. Lillie, R. D.: Histopathologic Technic and Practical Histochemistry, Ed. 2. New York: Blakiston 1954.Google Scholar
  694. Lipscomb, H. S., and D. H. Nelson: Measurement of corticosterone in rat adrenal venous plasma as a bioassay for ACTH. Fed. Proc. 18, 95 (1959).Google Scholar
  695. Lipscomb, H. S., and D. H. Nelson: Dynamic changes in ascorbic acid and corticosteroids in adrenal vein blood after ACTH. Endocrinology 66, 144–146 (1960).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  696. Lipsett, M. B., C. D. West, J. P. M.clean and O. H. Pearson: Adrenal function after hypophysectomy in man. J. clin. Endocrin. 17, 356–363 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  697. Lison, L.: La valeur des réactions histochimiques des cétostéroïdes. Acta clin. belg. 6, 633–638 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  698. Lison, L.: Histochimie et Cytochimie Animales, Ed. 2. Paris: Gauthier-Villars 1953Google Scholar
  699. Little, J. M., W. M. Kelsey and E. H. YOUNT, JR.: Influence of the adrenal cortex on renal hemodynamics in the dog. Effects of ACTH and adrenal atrophy induced by Rhothane. Amer. J. Physiol. 185, 159–166 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  700. Liu, H.-C., and R. B. MANEELY: Some aspects of adrenal histology and histochemistry in the soft shelled turtle of South China (Chelonia amyda). J. Endocrin, 19 1–9 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  701. Li Voti, P.: Influence of methylthiouracil on the suprarenal glands (in Italian). Arch. Sci. med. 87, 76–84 (1949).Google Scholar
  702. Llaurado, J. G.: Aldosterone excretion following hypophysectomy in man: Relation to urinary Na/K ratio. Metabolism 6, 556–563 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  703. Llaurado, J. G. and M. F. A. Woodruff: Postoperative transient aldosteronism. Surgery 42, 313–324 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  704. Llaurado, J. G., J. B. Trunnell and J. L. Claus: Some effects of simultaneous administration of nor-ethandrolone and cortisone in the rat. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 32, 536–544 (1959).Google Scholar
  705. Lobban, M. C.: Structural variations in the adrenal cortex of the adult cat. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 118, 565–574 (1952).Google Scholar
  706. Logan, J. E., F. C. Heagy and R. J. Rossiter: Phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland: Effect of hypophysectomy and administration of ACTH on the incorporation of radioactive phosphate into RNA nucleotides. Endocrinology 56, 455–460 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  707. Lombardo, M. E., and P. B. Hudson: The biosynthesis of adrenocortical hormones by the human adrenal gland in vitro. Endocrinology 65, 417–425 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  708. Lombardo, M. E., C. Mcmornis and P. B. Hudson: The isolation of steroidal substances from human adrenal vein blood. Endocrinology 65, 426–432 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  709. Longwell, B. B., A. E. Reif and E. Hansbury: The effects of pantothenic acid deficiency on the secretion of corticosteroids by the albino rat. Endocrinology 62, 565–672 (1958)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  710. Lostroh, A. J.: Synergistic effect of somatotropin with a-corticotropin on the adrenal of hypophysectomized rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 97, 828–832 (1958).Google Scholar
  711. Lostroh, A. J., and C. H. Li: Effect of growth hormone and thyroxine on body weight of hypophysectomized C3H mice. Endocrinology 62, 484–492 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  712. Lostroh, A. J. and P. Woodward: Changes in the adrenal of the hypophysectomized C3H mouse with a-corticotropin and growth hormone. Endocrinology 62, 498–505 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  713. Loustalot, P.: Über das Vorkommen von PAS-positiven Tröpchen in der Nebennierenrinde der Ratte. Schweiz. Z. Path. Bact. 20, 716–723 (1957).Google Scholar
  714. Lowenthal, M., H. E. Leszynsky, M. Marcus and H. Zondek: Congenital adrenocortical hyperplasia with giant cells in a twelve-year old child. J. Endocrin. 16, 429–434 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  715. Lüders, C. J.: Zur Frage der pigmentierten Nebennierenrindenadenome. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 324, 123–135 (1953).Google Scholar
  716. Luetscher, J. A., JR., and R. H. Curtis: Observations on aldosterone in human urine. Fed. Proc. 14, 746–751 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  717. Luft, J., and O. Hechter: An electron microscopic correlation of structure with function in the isolated, perfused cow adrenal, preliminary observations. J. biophys. biochem. Cytol. 3, 615–620 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  718. Lundlin, P. M., and S. Holmdahl: Corticotrophin activity of human placenta. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 26, 388–394 (1957).Google Scholar
  719. Macchi, I. A., and O. Rechter: Studies of ACTH action upon perfused bovine adrenals: Corticosteroid biosynthesis in isolated glands maximally stimulated with ACTH. Endocrinology 55, 387–402 (1954a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  720. Macchi, I. A., and O. Rechter: Minimal ACTH concentration requisite for maximal glandular response. Endocrinology 55, 426–433 (1954b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  721. Macfarland, W. E.: Adrenal cortical function independent of direct nervous action. A neurological study of normal, denervated, and transplanted adrenal glands of albino rats. J. exp. Zool. 95, 345–360 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  722. Macfarland, W. E.: The vital necessity of adrenal cortical tissue in a mammal and the effects of proliferation of cortical cells from dormant coelomic mesothelium. Anat. Rec. 93, 233–249 (1945).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  723. Macfarland, W. E. and H. A. Davenport: Adrenal innervation. J. comp. Neurol. 75, 219–234 (1941)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  724. Maclachlan, P. L., H. C. Hodge and R. Whitehead: The lipids of the adrenal gland in normal and fasting rabbits. J. biol. Chem. 139, 185–191 (1941).Google Scholar
  725. Maclean, J. P., M. B. Lipsett, M. C. LI, C. D. West and O. H. Pearson: Salt metabolism after hypophysectomy in man. J. clin. Endocrin. 17, 346–355 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  726. Mars, J.: Etude du syndrome surrénoprivé de la grenouille. Arch. int. Physiol. 45, 135–188 (1937).Google Scholar
  727. Malaty, H. A., and G. H. Bourne: The distribution of “simple” esterase in human tissues. Acta anat. 21, 249–258 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  728. Malmström, B. G., and D. Glicx: Determination of millimicrogram quantities of coenzyme A and its distribution in the rat adrenal. J. biol. Chem. 211, 677–686 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  729. Mandel, L., A. Baber and P. Mandel: Action de la cortisone sur les acides nucléiques des surrénales du rat blanc. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 150, 424–427 (1956).Google Scholar
  730. Mandel, P., M. Jacob and L. Mandel: Evolution des acides nucléiques des surrénales au cours du jeûne total et “le phénomène d’agression” (stress). J. Physiol. (Paris) 47, 236–238 (1955).Google Scholar
  731. Maqsood, M.: The effect of varying levels of thyroidal stimulation on adrenals under different environmental temperatures. J. Endocrin. 7, 82–85 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  732. Maqsood, M.: Effects of the thyroid state, season and castration on the adrenal glands in male rabbits. J. Endocrin. 11, 103–109 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  733. Maraud, R., et R. Stoll: Sur l’apparition du dimorphisme sexual dans la surrénale de l’embryon de poulet. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 150, 687–689 (1956).Google Scholar
  734. Marks, B. H., M. Altert and F. A. Kruger: Effect of amphenone upon steroidogenesis in the adrenal cortex of the golden hamster. Endocrinology 63, 75–81 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  735. Marks, V.: Cushing’s syndrome occurring with pituitary chromophobe tumours. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 32, 527–537 (1959).Google Scholar
  736. Martinovitch, P. N.: Infantile rat adrenal transplanted into the anterior eye chamber of adrenalectomized hosts after cultivation in vitro. J. exp. Zool. 129, 99–127 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  737. Mason, J. W., J. V. Brady and M. Sidman: Plasma 17-hydroxycorticosteroid levels and conditioned behavior in the rhesus monkey. Endocrinology 60, 741–752 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  738. Masoni, A.: Catheterisation of the right adrenal vein in man. Acta med. stand. 159, 225–234 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  739. Masson, G. M. C., S. B. Koritz and F. G. Peron: Corticosteroid formation in regenerating rat adrenals. Endocrinology 62, 229–233 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  740. Materna, A.: Neue Untersuchungen über das Gewicht der Nebennieren. Beitr. path. Anat. 106, 158–177 (1941).Google Scholar
  741. Mcdonald, I. R., and M. Reich: Corticosteroid secretion by the autotransplanted adrenal gland of the conscious sheep. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 147, 33–50 (1959).Google Scholar
  742. Mckeever, S.: Effects of reproductive activity on the weight of the adrenal glands in Microtus montanus. Anat. Rec. 135, 1–6 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  743. Mckerns, K. W.: The effect of some natural and synthetic sex hormones on adrenal cortical secretion in vitro. Endocrinology 60, 130–135 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  744. Mckerns, K. W. and E. Nordstrand: The in vitro adrenal response to corticotrophin subtypes. Canad. J. Biochem. 33, 681–686 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  745. Mcphail, M. K., and H. C. Read: The mouse adrenal. I. Development, degeneration and regeneration of the X-zone. Anat. Rec. 84, 51–73 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  746. Mc Queeney, A. J., L. L. Ashburn, F. S. Daft and R. Faulkner: Tissue changes and sodium balance in pantothenic acid-deficient rats. Endocrinology 41, 441–450 (1947).Google Scholar
  747. Mcshan, W. H., W. F. Erway and R. K. Meyer: Succinic dehydrogenase activity of certain endocrine tissues of the rat. Arch. Biochem. 9, 69–74 (1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  748. Medawar, P. B., and P. S. Russell: Adrenal homografts in mice, with special reference to “immunological” adrenalectomy. Immunology 1, 1–12 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  749. Melampy, R. M., D. W. Chang and L. C. Northrup: Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency upon adrenal cortex, thymus, spleen, and circulating lymphocytes in mice. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 76, 24–27 (1951).Google Scholar
  750. Merriam, R. W.: A critique of karyometric methods. Z. wiss. Mikr 62, 401–411 (1955)Google Scholar
  751. Meyer, R.: Nebennieren bei Anenzephalie. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 210, 158–164 (1912)Google Scholar
  752. Meyers, M. W., and H. A. Charipper: A histological and cytological study of the adrenal gland of the golden hamster (Cricetus auratus) in relation to age. Anat. Rec. 124, 1–25 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  753. Mialhe-Voloss, C., et E.-E. Baulieu: Etude qualitative des corticostéroïdes liberés par la surrénale du rat in vitro sous l’influence des hormones corticotropes antehypophysaires. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 639–642 (1958).Google Scholar
  754. Milxovió, K., and S. Milkovic: The reactivity of the rat fetal pituitary-adrenal system during the last days of pregnancy. Arch. int. Physiol. 66, 534–539 (1958).Google Scholar
  755. Miller, M. R.: The normal histology and experimental alteration of the adrenal of the viviparous lizard, Xantusia vigilis. Anat. Rec. 113, 309–324 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  756. Miller, M. R.: Experimental alteration of the adrenal histology of the urodele amphibian, Triturus torosus. Anat. Rec. 116, 205–226 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  757. Miller, M. R.: Cyclic changes in the thyroid and interrenal glands of the viviparous lizard, Xantusia vigilis. Anat. Rec. 123, 19–32 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  758. Miller, M. R. and M. E. Robbins: Cyclic changes in the thyroid and interrenal glands of the urodele amphibian, Taricha torosa (Triturus torosus). Anat. Rec. 122, 79–104 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  759. Miller, R. A.: Cytological phenomena associated with experimental alteration of secretory activity in the adrenal cortex of mice. Amer. J. Anat. 86, 405–437 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  760. Miller, R. A.: The relation of mitochondria to secretory activity in the fascicular zone of the rat’s adrenal. Amer. J. Anat. 92, 329–360 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  761. Miller, R. A.: Quantitative changes in the nucleolus and nucleus as indices of adrenal cortical secretory activity. Amer. J. Anat. 95, 497–522 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  762. Miller, R. A. and O. Riddle: Stimulation of adrenal cortex of pigeons by ant. pituitary hormones and by their secondary products. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 41, 518–522 (1939).Google Scholar
  763. Miller, R. A. and O. Riddle: Cellular response to insulin in suprarenals of pigeons. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 47, 449–453 (1941).Google Scholar
  764. Miller, R. A. and O. Riddle: The cytology of the adrenal cortex of normal pigeons and in experimentally induced atrophy and hypertrophy. Amer. J. Anat. 71, 311–341 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  765. Miller, R. A. and O. Riddle: Effects of prolactin and cortical hormones on body weight and food intake of adrenalectomized pigeons. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 52, 231–233 (1943).Google Scholar
  766. Mills, I H, A Casper and F. C. Bartter: On the role of the vagus in the control of aldosterone secretion. Science 128, 1140–1141 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  767. Minder, W. H., and I. Abelin: Über die hormonale und nicht hormonale Beeinflussung der Acetalphosphatide (Plasmalogene) der Rattenorgane. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 298, 121–131 (1954).Google Scholar
  768. Mitchell, R. M.: Histological changes and mitotic activity in the rat adrenal during postnatal development. Anat. Rec. 101, 161–186 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  769. Mixher, J. P., A. J. Bergman and C. W. Turner: Relation of certain endocrine glands to body weight in growing and mature guinea pigs. Endocrinology 32, 298–304 (1943)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  770. Moeri, E.: Les surrénales chez le foetus, le nouveau-né, le nourrisson et l’enfant. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 8, 259–311 (1951).Google Scholar
  771. Money, W. L.: The interrelation of the thyroid and the adrenals. Brookhaven Symp. Biol. 7, 137–168 (1955).Google Scholar
  772. Montandon, A.: Quantitative und qualitative Zellveränderungen im Hypophysenvorderlappen bei therapeutischen Hypercorticismus. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 330, 629–650 (1957).Google Scholar
  773. Moog, F.: The development of function in the adrenal cortex. In: A. Gorbman, Ed., Comparative Endocrinology, 624 638. New York: Wiley 1959.Google Scholar
  774. Moog, F., C. J. Bennett and C. M. Dean, JR.: Growth and cytochemistry of the adrenal gland of the mouse from birth to maturity. Anat. Rec. 120, 873–891 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  775. Moon, H. D.: Effect of adrenocorticotropic hormone in 4-day-old rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 43, 42–44 (1940).Google Scholar
  776. Moorxouse, D. E.: Experimental alteration of the peri-renal tissue of Protopterus. Quart. J. micr. Sci. 97, 519–534 (1956).Google Scholar
  777. Morris, M. D., and I. L. Chaikoff: The origin of cholesterol in liver, small intestine, adrenal gland, and testis of the rat: Dietary versus endogenous contributions. J. biol. Chem. 234, 1095–1097 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  778. Mosier, H. D.: Hypoplasia of the pituitary and adrenal cortex. J. Pediat. 48, 633–639 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  779. Mosier, H. D.: Comparative histological study of the adrenal cortex of the wild and domesticated wild rat. Endocrinology 60, 460–469 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  780. Mosier, H. D. and C. P. Richter: Response of the glomerulosa layer of the adrenal gland of wild and domesticated Norway rats to low and high salt diets. Endocrinology 62, 268–277 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  781. Mosimann, W.: Vergrößerung der Kernvolumina in der Nebennierenrinde von Ziegen nach intensiver Behandlung mit Stilben-Derivaten. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 61, 93–98 (1954).Google Scholar
  782. Mühlemann, H. R., T. M. Marthaler and. K. H. Rateischak: Mitoseperiodik in der Nebennierenrinde, Schilddrüse, im Duodenal-und Mundhöhlenepithel der Ratte. Acta anat. 28, 331–341 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  783. Mukerjee, A. K., and S. Banerjee: Studies on histological changes in experimental scurvy. Anat. Rec. 120, 907–915 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  784. Mulay, A. S., and W. H. Eyestone: Transplantable adrenocortical adenocarcinomas in Osborn-Mendel rats fed a carcinogenic diet. J. nat. Cancer Inst. 16, 723–739 (1955)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  785. Mulinos, M. G., and L. Pomerantz: Pseudo-hypophysectomy. A condition resembling hypophysectomy produced by malnutrition. J. Nutr. 19, 493–504 (1940).Google Scholar
  786. Mulinos, M. G., and L. Pomerantz: Hormonal influences on the weight of the adrenal in inanition. Amer. J. Physiol. 132, 368–374 (1941).Google Scholar
  787. Nabarro, J. D. N., A. Moxham and G. Walker Stimulation and suppression of the adrenal cortex in Cushing’s syndrome. J. clin. Endocrin. 18, 586–599 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  788. Nabors, C. J., JR., and D. L. Berliner: A C-20 ß-reductase in the pancreas and a C-20dehydrogenase in the adrenal. Arch. Biochem. 70, 298–300 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  789. Nachlas, M. M., and A. M. Seligman: The comparative distribution of esterase in the tissues of five mammals by a histochemical technique. Anat. Rec. 105, 677–695 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  790. Nachlas, M. M., K.-C. Tsou, E. De Souza, C.-S. Cheng and A. M. Seligman: Cytochemical demonstration of succinic dehydrogenase by the use of a new p-nitrophenyl substituted ditetrazole. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 5, 420–436 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  791. Nadel, E. M., and J. J. Schneider: Excretion of formaldehydogenic (FG) substances by normal and scorbutic guinea pigs. Endocrinology 51, 5–11 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  792. Nadel, E. M., B. G. Young, A. C. Hilgar and S. Burstein: Urinary corticosteroids in normal, scorbutic and stilbestrol-treated guinea pigs before and after administration of corticotrophin. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 28, 283–292 (1958).Google Scholar
  793. Nalbandov, A. V., and L. E. Card: Effect of hypophysectomy of growing chicks. J. exp. Zool. 94, 387–413 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  794. Nandi, J., and H. A. Bern: Corticosteroid production by interrenal tissue in teleost fishes. Endocrinology 66, 295–303 (1960).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  795. Nayyar, S. N., and D. Glick: The quantitative histochemical distribution of ß-glucuronidase in the adrenal of various species and the influence of stress conditions, hormonal treatments and hypophysectomy. Endocrinology 56, 67–79 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  796. Nelson, A. A., and G. Woodward: Severe adrenal cortical atrophy (cytotoxic) and hepatic damage produced in dogs by feeding 2,2 bis(parachlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane (DDD or TDE). A.M.A. Arch. Path. 48, 387–394 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  797. Nelson, D. H.: The significance of plasma corticosteroids as a measure of adrenal cortical function. In: L. I. Gardner, Ed., Adrenal Function in Infants and Children, 171–183. New York: Grune and Stratton 1956.Google Scholar
  798. Nelson, D. H., and D. M. Hume: Corticosteroid secretion in the adrenal venous blood of the hypophysectomized dog as an assay for ACTH. Endocrinology 57, 184–192 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  799. Nelson, D. H., R. H. Egdahl and D. M. Hume: Corticosteroid secretion in the adrenal vein of the non-stressed dog exposed to cold. Endocrinology 58, 309–314 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  800. Neumann, K., and. G. Komi: Ubersicht über die feinere Verteilung der Succino-Dehydrogenase in Organen and Geweben verschiedener Säugetiere, besonders des Hundes. Hoppe-Seylers Z. physiol. Chem. 295, 35–61 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  801. Newman, A. E., E. S. Redgate and G. Farrell: The effects of diencephalic-mesencephalic lesions on aldosterone and hydrocortisone secretion. Endocrinology 63, 723–736 (1958)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  802. Nicander, L.: The plasmai reaction of Feulgen and Voit with special reference to the adrenal body. Acta anat. 12, 174-197 (1951).Google Scholar
  803. Nicander, L.: Histological and histochemical studies on the adrenal cortex of domestic and laboratory animals. Acta anat. 14, Suppl. 16 (1952).Google Scholar
  804. Nicander, L.: A histochemical study of adrenal glycogen. Acta anat. 31, 388–397 (1957)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  805. Nicaolls, D.: Effect of ascorbic acid on the phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland. Canad. J. Biochem. 34, 919–926 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  806. Nicaolls, D. and R. J. Rossiter: Effect of cold stress on the phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland. Canad. J. Biochem. 33, 233–247 (1955a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  807. Nicaolls, D. and R. J. Rossiter: The role of the pituitary and thyroid glands in the phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland during cold stress. Endocrinology 56, 547–559 (1955b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  808. Nicaolls, D. and R. J. Rossiter: Phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland of the rat acclimatized to cold. Amer. J. Physiol. 187, 11–14 (1956).Google Scholar
  809. Nicaolls, D., F. C. Heagy and R. J. Rossiter: Phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland of the rat. Effect of exposure to a cold environment for eight days on the amounts and P32 labelling of phospholipid and ribonucleic acid. Canad. J. Biochem. 34, 543–553 (1956a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  810. Nicaolls, D., F. C. Heagy and R. J. Rossiter: Effect of cold stress on the labelling of phospholipid and RNA nucleotides with radioactive inorganic phosphate. Endocrinology 58, 587–597 (1956b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  811. Nichols, J.: Effects of electrolyte imbalance on the adrenal glands. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 45, 717–721 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  812. Nichols, J.: The effects of deprivation of water on the adrenal glands of rats. Amer. J. Physiol. 25, 301–307 (1949).Google Scholar
  813. Nichols, J.: Effects of captivity on adrenal gland of wild Norway rat. Amer. J. P hysiol. 162, 5–9 (1950).Google Scholar
  814. Nichols, J.: Observations on the adrenal of the premature anencephalic fetus. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 62, 312–317 (1956a).Google Scholar
  815. Nichols, J.: Studies of the adrenal glands of patients with low plasma sodium. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 62, 419–424 (1956b)Google Scholar
  816. Nichols, J. and L. I. Gardner: Production of insulin sensitivity with the adrenocorticolytic drug DDD (2,2-bis(parachlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane). J. Lab. clin. Med. 37, 229–238 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  817. Nichols, J., and H. D. Green: Effect of DDD treatment on metabolic response to ACTH injection. Amer. J. Physiol. 176, 374–376 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  818. Nichols, J. and G. Hennigar: Studies on DDD, 2,2-bis(parachlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethane. Exp. Med. Surg. 15, 310–316 (1957a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  819. Nichols, J. and G. Hennigar: Studies on the adrenal during simultaneous administration of DDD and Amphenone. Endocrinology 61, 226–234 (1957b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  820. Nichols, J. and H. L. Sheehan: Effect of partial adrenal cortical atrophy on the course of alloxan diabetes. Endocrinology 51, 362–377 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  821. Nichols, J., O. L. Lescure and C. J. Migeon: Levels of 17-OH-CS in maternal and cord plasma in anencephaly. J. clin. Endocrin. 18, 444 452 (1958).Google Scholar
  822. Nigeon-Dureuil, M., et A. R. Ratsimamanga: Preuves biologiques de la déviation du métabolisme du système enzymatique de las urrénale scorbutique. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 21–24 (1955).Google Scholar
  823. Noble, N. L., and E. Papageorge: Adrenal glycogen in the guinea pig and the white rat. J. Nutr. 56, 15–24 (1955a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  824. Noble, N. L., and E. Papageorge: Loss of adrenal glycogen in the rat following stress or treatment with various hormones. Endocrinology 57, 492–497 (1955b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  825. Noumura, T.: Development of the hypophyseal-adrenocortical system in the rat embryo in relation to the maternal system. Jap. J. Zool. 12, 279–299 (1959).Google Scholar
  826. Novelli, G.: Metabolic functions of pantothenic acid. Physiol. Rev. 33, 525–543 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  827. Novikoff, A. B.: The intracellular localization of chemical constituents. In: R. C. Mellors, Ed., Analytical Cytology, Ed. 2, 69–168. New York: McGraw-Hill 1959.Google Scholar
  828. Nowell, N. W.: Studies in the activation and inhibition of adrenocorticotrophin secretion. Endocrinology 64, 191–201 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  829. O’donnell, W. M., S. S. Fajans and J. G. Weinbaum: Human adrenal cortex after administration of ACTH and cortisone. Arch. intern. Med. 88, 28–35 (1951).Google Scholar
  830. Oertel, G. W., and K. B. Eik-Nes: Plasma levels of dehydroepiandrosterone in the dog. Endocrinology 65, 766–776 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  831. Oleson, M. C., and W. R. Bloor: The adrenal lipids of fasted guinea pigs. J. biol. Chem. 141, 349–354 (1941).Google Scholar
  832. Olivereau, M., et H. Fromentin: Influence de l’hypophysectomie sur l’histologie de l’inter-rénal antérieur de l’anguille (Anguilla anguilla L.). Ann Endocrin. (Paris) 15, 805–826 (1954)Google Scholar
  833. Olsen, N. S., and W. E. Martindale: Studies on chronic vitamin B6 deficiency in the rat. II. J. Nutr. 53, 329–340 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  834. Olsen, R. E., and H. W. Deane: A physiological and cytochemical study of the kidney and adrenal cortex during choline deficiency in weanling rats. J. Nutr. 39, 31–56 (1949).Google Scholar
  835. Osorio, J. A., and A. Kraemer: Influence of atrophy of the adrenal cortex produced by Rhothane (DDD) on the submaxillary gland of the dog (in Portuguese). Acta physiol. lat.-amer. 9, 128–132 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  836. Overbeeke, A. P. VAN: A preliminary note on the effect of Amphenone “B” in Betta splendens Regan. Proc. Acad. Sci. (Amst.) C 61, 78–88 (1958).Google Scholar
  837. Padykula, H. A.: The localization of succinic dehydrogenase in tissue sections of the rat. Amer. J. Anat. 91, 107–146 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  838. Pankratz, D. S.: The development of the suprarenal gland in the albino rat with a consider-ation of its possible relation to the origin of foetal movements. Anat. Rec. 49, 31–49 (1931)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  839. Parkes, A. S.: Viability of adrenocortical tissue transplanted after freezing and thawing. Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.) 144 B, 314–328 (1956).Google Scholar
  840. Pasqualini, R. Q., C. D. Pasqualini and J. C. Garberi: Determination of ascorbic acid in the suprarenal gland of the toad (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 25, 255–262 (1949).Google Scholar
  841. Patzelt, V.: Über die chromotropen Zellen der Nebenniere vom Wasserfrosch. Z. Zeltforsch. 41, 460–473 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  842. Pauly, J. E.: Morphological observations on the adrenal cortex of the laboratory rat. Endocrinology 60, 247–264 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  843. Pavoa, H., JR., and P. Fontana, JR.: Influence of ACTH on ribonucleic acid and protein nitrogen content of rat adrenal gland. Acta physiol. lat.-amer. 7, 86–89 (1957).Google Scholar
  844. Payne, F.: Cytological changes in the cells of the pituitary, thyroids, adrenals and sex glands of ageing fowl. In: A. I. Lansing, Ed., Cowdry’s Problems of Ageing, Ed. 3, 381–402. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins 1952.Google Scholar
  845. Peace, R. F.: Myelonecrosis, extramedullary mvelopoiesis, and leuko-erythroblastosis. A mesenchymal reaction to injury. Amer. J. Path. 29, 1029–1057 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  846. Pearse, A. G. E.: Histochemistry, Theoretical and Applied. Boston: Little, Brown 1953Google Scholar
  847. Pearson, B., and V. Defendi: A comparison between the histochemical demonstration of non-specific esterase activity by 5-bromoindoxyl acetate, a-naphthyl acetate and naphthol AS acetate. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 5, 72–83 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  848. Pellegrino, C.: The regulation of lymphatic tissue after enucleation of the adrenals (in Italian). Folia endocr. (Pisa) 3, 689–694 (1950).Google Scholar
  849. Pellegrino, C.: Some histological and histochemical aspects of the adrenal regenerating after enucleation (in Italian). Atti (P. V.) Soc. tosc. Sci. nat. (Pisa) 58 B, 5–14 (1951).Google Scholar
  850. Pellegrino, C. and F. Caramazza: Influence of fasting on blood sugar in the rat at various periods after enucleation (in Italian). Riv. Biol. (Perugia) 47, 267–273 (1955).Google Scholar
  851. Pellegrino, C., and A. Montella: Cholesterol and ascorbic acid in the regenerating adrenal (in Italian). Arch. Sci. biol. (Napoli) 38, 338–348 (1954).Google Scholar
  852. Pellegrino, C., and A. Torcigliant: A cytochemical study of the adrenal cortex regenerating after enucleation. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 135, 536–549 (1957).Google Scholar
  853. Peniios, J. C., and A. F. Cardeza: Endocrine glands of the fed, hypophysectomized toad (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 27, 173–177 (1951).Google Scholar
  854. Pennaccxietti, M.: The particular time of organogenesis of the adrenal gland of mammals (in Italian). Monit. zool. ital. 49, 39–49 (1938).Google Scholar
  855. Perek, M., and A. Eilat: Effect of removal of bursa Fabricii on depletion of adrenal ascorbic acid in ACTH-treated chicks. Endocrinology 66, 304–305 (1960).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  856. Perek, M., B. Eckstein and Z. Esi-Ikol: The effect of ACTH on adrenal ascorbic acid in laying hens. Endocrinology 64, 831–832 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  857. Peron, F. G., and S. B. Koriz: On the exogenous requirements for the action of ACTH in vitro on rat adrenal glands. J. biol. Chem. 233, 256–259 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  858. Perry, W. F., and G. R. Cumming: Adrenal succinic dehydrogenase activity determined by the reduction of tetrazolium salt by adrenal homogenate. Endocrinology 50, 385–387 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  859. Peschel, E., and G. J. Race: Studies on the adrenal zona glomerulosa of hypertensive patients and rats. Amer. J. Med. 17, 355–364 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  860. Phillips, J. G., and P. J. Mulrow: Corticosteroid production in vitro by the interrenal tissue of killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus (Linn) Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 101, 262–264 (1959).Google Scholar
  861. Pickford, G. E., W. N. Holmes and P. K. Bondy: Adrenocorticosteroids in salmon plasma (Oncorhynchus nerka). Endocrinology 65, 811–818 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  862. Pickford, G. E.: The adrenal and corticotrophin. In: G. E. Pickford and J. W. Atz, Eds., The Physiology of the Pituitary Gland of Fishes, 60–83. New York: N. Y. Zool. Soc. 1957.Google Scholar
  863. Pickford, G. E. and B. Kosto: Hormonal induction of melanogenesis in hypophysectomized killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus). Endocrinology 61, 176–196 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  864. Pickford, M., and M. Vogt: The effect of adrenaline on secretion of cortical hormone in the hypophysectomized dog. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 112, 133–141 (1951).Google Scholar
  865. Picon, L.-O.: Influence de l’hyperf •mctionnement des surrénales maternelles sur le développe-ment des surrénales foetales chez le rat. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 1104–1106 (1957).Google Scholar
  866. Pincus, G.: Aging and urinary steroid secretion. In: E. T. Engle and G. Prucus, Eds., Hormones and the Aging Process, 1–20. New York: Academic Press 1956.Google Scholar
  867. Pinto, R. M.: Action of the ovary on the adrenal, experimental study (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Ferrari 1941.Google Scholar
  868. Pinto, R. M.: Interrelations of adrenal and sex glands in parabiotic rats. Amer. J. Physiol. 144, 652–657 (1945a).Google Scholar
  869. Pinto, R. M.: Direct and indirect action of estrogens on the adrenal glands (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 21, 136–143 (1945b).Google Scholar
  870. Pischinger, A.: Über den Einfluß der histologischen Technik auf die Azetalphosphatide in den Geweben. Z. mikr -anat. Forsch. 52, 530–551 (1942).Google Scholar
  871. Pitcock, J. A., and P. M. Hartroft: The juxtaglomerular cells in man and their relationship to the level of plasma sodium and to the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. Amer. J. Path. 34, 863–883 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  872. Planel, H., and A. Guilhem: Etude histochimique du glycogène du cortex surrénal. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 150, 1274–1276 (1956a).Google Scholar
  873. Politzer, G. and P. Bec: Le glycogène du cortex surrénal: Etude histologique, variations expérimentales et rapport avec la colloid surrénalienne. Ann. Histochim. 1, 237–248 (1956b).Google Scholar
  874. Politzer, G. and P. Bec: Recherches expérimentales sur le dimorphisme sexuel de la glande surrénale du cobaye. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 1256–1260 (1957a).Google Scholar
  875. Politzer, G. and P. Bec: Action de l’ACTH sur le glycogène du cortex surrénal. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 152, 165–168 (1957b).Google Scholar
  876. Politzer, G. and P. Bec: Variations expérimentales des pigments du cortex surrénal. Action de l’A.C.T.H. Ann. Histochim 1, 68–77 (1956).Google Scholar
  877. Politzer, G. and P. Banide: Phosphatase alcaline du cortex surrénal du cobaye. Action de la castration et des hormones génitales. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 784–787 (1957).Google Scholar
  878. Politzer, G. and P. Banide: Action de l’inanition sur le cortex surrénal du cobaye. Variations de la pigmentation. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 152, 853–855 (1958).Google Scholar
  879. Politzer, G.: Über die Frühentwicklung der Nebennierenrinde beim Menschen. Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 106, 40–48 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  880. Porto, J.: Relations between the hypophysis and the adrenal in the toad (in Spanish). Rev. Soc. argent. Biol. 16, 489–494 (1940).Google Scholar
  881. Poulton, B. R., and R. P. Reese: The activity of the pituitary-adrenal cortex axis during pregnancy and lactation. Endocrinology 61, 217–225 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  882. Prader, A., u. R. E. Siebenmann: Nebenniereninsuffizienz bei kongenitaler Lipoidhyperplasie der Nebennieren. Heiv. paediat. Acta 12, 569–595 (1957).Google Scholar
  883. Price, D., and D. J. Ingle: Androgenic effects of autotransplants of adrenals in the accessory reproductive glands of adult castrated rats. Rev. suisse Zool. 64, 743–755 (1957).Google Scholar
  884. Prunty, F. T. G., B. E. Clayton, R. R. Mcswiney and I. H. Mills: Studies of the interrelationship between the adrenal cortex and ascorbic acid metabolism. Ciba Foundn. Coll. Endocrin. 8, 324–339 (1955).Google Scholar
  885. Quenum, A., and R. Camain: Etude histochimique du cortex surrénal de Cricetomys gambianus. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 153, 697–701 (1959).Google Scholar
  886. Rabinovici, N.: The effect of stress upon the ketosteroid and non-carbonyl lipoid content of the adrenal cortex of the rat. Endocrinology 49, 579–588 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  887. Race,G. J., and R. F. Green: Studies on zonation and regeneration of the adrenal cortex of the rat. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 59, 578–586 (1955).Google Scholar
  888. Race,G. J., W. M. Nickey, P. S. Wolf and E. J. Jordan: Studies on functional zonation of the adrenal cortex. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 64, 312–323 (1957).Google Scholar
  889. Rapela, C. E., and M. F. Gordon: Action de la testostérone sur la surrénale du crapaud. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 150, 1617–1618 (1956).Google Scholar
  890. Rapela, C. E., and M. F. Gordon: Effect of insulin on the adrenal gland of the toad. Acta physiol. lat.-amer. 7, 58–67 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  891. Rapport, M. M., and R. E. Franzl: The structure of plasmalogen. III. J. Neurochem. 1, 303–310 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  892. Rasquin, P.: Effects of carp pituitary and mammalian ACTH on the endocrine and lymphoid systems of the teleost Astyanax mexicanus. J. exp. Zool. 117, 317–357 (1951).Google Scholar
  893. Rather, L. J.: Differences of cortical/medullary ratio in the adrenals of normal rats, normal rats treated with ACTH, and renal hypertensive rats. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 77, 651–653 (1951).Google Scholar
  894. Rauschkolb, E. W., and G. L. Farrell: Evidence for diencephalic regulation of aldosterone secretion. Endocrinology 59, 526–531 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  895. Rauschkolb, E. W., and S. Koletsky: Aldosterone secretion after hypophysectomy. Amer. J. Physiol. 184, 55–58 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  896. Raynaud, A., and M. Frilley: Développement intra-utérin des embryons de souris dont les ébauches de l’hypophyse on été détruites, au moyen des rayons X, au 13“ jour de la gestation. II. Développement des capsules surrénales. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 230, 331–333 (1950).Google Scholar
  897. Reese, J. D., and H. D. Moon: The Golgi apparatus of the cells of the adrenal cortex after hypophysectomy and on the administration of the adrenocorticotropic hormone. Anat. Rec. 70, 543–556 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  898. Reichstein, T.: Die wichtigsten Hormone der Nebennierenrinde. Acta endocr. (Kbh.) 17, 375–384 (1954).Google Scholar
  899. Reif, A. E., and B. B. Longwell: Extraction of corticosteroids from adrenal vein blood of rats and rabbits. Endocrinology 62, 573–586 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  900. Reiner, C. B.: A critical examination of the histochemical staining technique for ascorbic acid. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 80, 455–457 (1952).Google Scholar
  901. Reiner, C. B.: The Schultz histochemical reaction for cholesterol. Lab. Invest. 2, 140–151 (1953)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  902. Rennels, E. G.: An experimental study of cytoplasmic inclusions in adrenal cortical cells of the immature rat. Anat. Rec. 112, 509–527 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  903. Rennels, E. G., M. Hess and J. C. Finerty: Response of preputial and adrenal glands of the rat to sex hormones. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 82, 304–309 (1953).Google Scholar
  904. Renold, A. E., J. Crabbé, L. Hermando-Avendano, D. H. Nelson, E. J. Ross, K. Emerson, JR., and G. W. Thorn: Inhibition of aldosterone secretion by amphenone in man. New Engl. J. Med. 256, 16–21 (1957).Google Scholar
  905. Retzlaff, E. W.: The histology of the adrenal gland in the alligator lizard, Gerrhontus multicarinatus. Anat. Rec. 105, 19–33 (1949).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  906. Ribaudo, C. A.: Addison’s disease and diabetes insipidus. A. M. A. Arch. int. Med. 102, 478–483 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  907. Rich, A. R.: A peculiar type of adrenal cortical damage associated with acute infections, and its possible relation to circulatory collapse. Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 74, 1–15 (1944).Google Scholar
  908. Rich, A. R. and M. Bertirong: Evidence for the presence of ribonucleic acid in the cytoplasmic bodies that appear in the hepatic and adrenal epithelial cells of man in acute infection. Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 85, 327–343 (1949).Google Scholar
  909. Richards, J. B., and R. L. Pruitt: Hydrocortisone suppression of stress-induced adrenal 17-hydroxycorticosteroid secretion in dogs. Endocrinology 60, 99–104 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  910. Richter, W. R.: Adrenal cortical adenomata in the goat. Amer. J. vet. Res. 19, 895–901 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  911. Riedel, B. E., J. E. Logan and R. J. Rossiter: Phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland: Effect of hypophysectomy and administration of ACTH on the incorporation of radioactive phosphate into phospholipid. Endocrinology 55, 219–227 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  912. Rinaldi, L. M.: Effect of malnutrition as compared with hypophysectomy on organ weight of the albino rat. J. Anat. (Lond.) 84, 262–271 (1950).Google Scholar
  913. Rinfret, A. P., and S. Bane: Depletion of adrenal ascorbic acid following stress in the infant rat. Endocrinology 57, 497–499 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  914. Ritterson, A. L., and S. I. Mauer: Adrenal lipid response in Chinese hamsters infected with Trichinella spiralis. Science 126, 1293–1294 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  915. Roaf, R.: A study of the adrenal cortex of the rabbit. J. Anat. (Lond.) 70, 126–134 (1935).Google Scholar
  916. Roberts, S.: Corticoid-releasing activity in blood. Ciba Foundn. Coll. Endocr. 11, 167–190 (1957).Google Scholar
  917. Robertson, O. H., and B. C. Wexler: Pituitary degeneration and adrenal tissue hyperplasia in spawning Pacific salmon. Science 125, 1295–1296 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  918. Robertson, O. H., and B. C. Wexler: Hyperplasia of the adrenal cortical tissue in Pacific salmon (genus Oncorhynchus) and rainbow trout (Salmo gairdnerii) accompanying sexual maturation and spawning Endocrinology 65, 225–238 (1959).Google Scholar
  919. Robinson, F. B., and J. M. Yoffey: Histochemical changes produced by cold and adrenaline in the suprarenal cortex of the adult male rat. J. Anat. (Lond.) 84, 32–37 (1950).Google Scholar
  920. Robinson, H. J., W. G. Bernhard, H. Brugin, H. Wanner, G. W. Sewekow and R. H. Silber: 17,21-Dihydroxy-20-ketosteroids in plasma during and after pregnancy. J. clin. Endocrin. 15, 317–323 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  921. Roche, J., R. Michel et P. Jouan: Action de l’acide 3:5:3’-triiodothyroacétique et de l’ACTH sur la sécrétion des corticostéroïdes par les capsules surrénales du rat in vitro. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 153, 255–258 (1959).Google Scholar
  922. Roe, J. H., and C. A. Kuetiher: The determination of ascorbic acid in whole blood and urine through the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine derivative of dehydroascorbic acid. J. biol. Chem. 147, 399–407 (1943).Google Scholar
  923. Roepke, M.-L.: Das Verhalten der histochemisch nachweisbaren Askorbinsäure in der Nebennierenrinde von Meerschweinchen nach Formalin-Stress. Z. mikr.-anat. Forsch. 58, 404–428 (1952).Google Scholar
  924. Rogers, W. F., JR., and R. H. Williams: Correlations of biochemical and histologic changes in the adrenal cortex. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 44, 126–137 (1947).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  925. Rogers, W. F., JR., and R. H. Williams: Cholesterol of the human adrenal gland. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 46, 451–466 (1948)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  926. Rooff, J. M.: The suprarenal bodies. In: E. V. Cowdry, Ed., Special Cytology, Ed. 2, Vol. II, 871–931. New York: Hoeber 1932.Google Scholar
  927. Rooff, J. M.: Experimental pathology and physiology of the adrenal cortex. A.M.A. Arch. Path. 38, 392–409 (1944).Google Scholar
  928. Romanoff, E. B., P. Hudson and G. Pincus: Isolation of hydrocortisone and corticosterone from human adrenal venous blood. J. clin. Endocrin. 13, 1546–1548 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  929. Romer, A. S.: Vertebrate Paleontology, Ed. 2. Chicago: U. Chicago Press 1945Google Scholar
  930. Rosenfeld, G.: Steroidogenesis by intact calf adrenals perfused in vitro. Endocrinology 56, 649–666 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  931. Rosenfeld, G.: Metabolic studies of intact perfused calf adrenals using tetrazolium. Arch. Biochem. 62, 125–140 (1956a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  932. Rosenfeld, G.: Anaerobic studies of steroidogenesis using perfused calf adrenals. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 92, 66–70 (1956b).Google Scholar
  933. Rosenfeld, G.: Functional studies of the calf adrenal cortex following total-body exposure to a single lethal dose of y-radiation. Amer. J. Physiol. 192, 232–240 (1958a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  934. Rosenfeld, G.: The functional capacity of the adrenal cortex immediately before radiation sickness death. J. Lab. clin. Med. 51, 198–210 (1958b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  935. Rosenfeld, G. and W. D. Bascom: The inhibition of steroidogenesis by Amphenone B: Studies in vitro with the perfused calf adrenal. J. biol. Chem. 222, 565–580 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  936. Rosenfeld, G., E. Rosemberg, F. Ungar and R. I. Dorfman: Regulation of the secretion of aldosteronelike material. Endocrinology 58, 255–261 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  937. Rosnagle, R. S., and G. L. Farrell: Alterations in electrolyte intake and adrenal steroid secretion. Amer. J. Physiol. 187, 7–10 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  938. Rossi, C. A., and L. Montanari: Influence of esterification on the ACTH-like action of methylandrostenediol (in Italian). Arch. Sci. biol. (Bologna) 40, 98–103 (1956).Google Scholar
  939. Rossi, F., G. Pescetto and E. Reale: Enzymatic activities in human ontogenesis: Fir synoptic tables of histochemical research. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 5, 221–235 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  940. Rossiter, R. J., and D. Nicholts: Phosphorus metabolism of the adrenal gland of rats exposed to a cold environment. Rev. canad. Biol. 16, 249–268 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  941. Rotter, W.: Die Entwicklung der fetalen und kindlichen Nebennierenrinde. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 316, 590–618 (1949a).Google Scholar
  942. Rotter, W.: Das Wachstum der fetalen und kindlichen Nebennierenrinde. Z. Zellforsch. 34, 547–561 (1949b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  943. Roy, S. N., J. N. Kabxun and B. Mtkerji: Effect of prolonged administration of high dose of testosterone propionate on the adrenal cortex of young male rats. Arch. int. Pharmacodyn. 116, 402–409 (1958).Google Scholar
  944. Royce, P. C., and G. Sayers: Extrapituitary interaction between Pitressin and ACTH. Proc. Soc. exp. Biol. (N. Y.) 98, 70–74 (1958a).Google Scholar
  945. Royce, P. C., and G. Sayers: Blood ACTH: Effects of ether, pentobarbital, epinephrine and pain. Endocrinology 63, 794–800 (1958b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  946. Rubin, B. L., and R. I. Dorfman: Quantitative assay of the 3 ß-ol-dehydrogenase system in whole adrenal homogenate. Endocrinology 61, 601–610 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  947. Rudolph, G. G., and N. S. Olsen: Effect of hypophysectomy on dehydrogenase activity of rat tissues. Biochim biophys. Acta 19, 382–383 (1956).Google Scholar
  948. Rudy, H.: Vitamine. In: B. Flascrentrager u E Lehnartz, Herausgeb., Physiologische Chemie, Bd. II/2b, 627–865. Berlin: Springer 1957.Google Scholar
  949. Rutenburg, A. M., and A. M. Seligman: The histochemical demonstration of acid phosphatase by a post-incubation coupling technique. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 3, 455–470 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  950. Rutenburg, A. M., R. B. Cohen and A. M. Seligman: Histochemical demonstration of aryl sulfatase. Science 116, 539–543 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  951. Ryan, K. J., and L. L. Engel: Hydroxylation of steroids at carbon 21. J. biol. Chem. 225, 103–114 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  952. Sadownikow, W.: Über die Veränderungen der Nebennieren bei den akuten toxischen Infektionen (Diphtherie, Botulismus und Tetanus). Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 317, 315–341 (1949).Google Scholar
  953. Saffran, M., and A. V. Sciially: In vitro bioassay of corticotropin: Modification and statistical treatment. Endocrinology 56, 523–532 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  954. Saffran, M., B. Grad and M. J. Bayliss: Production of corticoids by rat adrenals in vitro. Endocrinology 50, 638–643 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  955. Saxiz, E.: Nouvelles remarques à propos de l’action de la cortisone sur le cortex surrénal de la souris. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 149, 513–515 (1955).Google Scholar
  956. Saxiz, E.: Action comparative de la cortisone et de l’hydrocortisone sur la corticosurrénale. C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris) 151, 1857–1860 (1957).Google Scholar
  957. Saxiz, E.: La zone X de la cortico-surrénale chez les souris de souches pures. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 246, 1461–1463 (1958).