Vegetatives Nervensystem

  • W. Jänig
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Abstract

Das vegetative Nervensystem innerviert hauptsächlich die glatte Muskulatur aller Organe, das Herz und die Drüsen. Die Wirkungen des vegetativen Nervensystems sind auf die neuronale Kontrolle des inneren Milieus gerichtet. Diese Wirkungen sind der direkten willkürlichen Kontrolle weitgehend entzogen; deshalb wird dieses Nervensystem auch als autonomes Nervensystem bezeichnet. Diese Charakteristika grenzen das vegetative Nervensystem grob vom somatischen Nervensystem ab, welches die afferente und efferente Kommunikation mit der Umwelt besorgt und zum Teil dem Bewußtsein und der willkürlichen Kontrolle unterliegt.

Keywords

Nicotin Cholin Ceru Acetyl Phenothiazine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

Weiterführende Lehrbücher und Monographien

  1. 1.
    BÜLbring, E., Brading, A.F., Jones, A.W., Tomita, T.: Smooth muscle: an assessment of current knowledge. London: Edward Arnold 1981Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burnstock, G., Costa, M.: Adrenergic Neurons. London: Chapman and Hall 1975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cannon, W.B.: The wisdom of the body. 2. Aufl. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc. 1939Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cervero, F., Morrison, J.F.B. (Hrsg.): Visceral Sensation. Progress in Brain Res. 67, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: Elsevier Biomedical Press 1986Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cooper, J.R., Bloom, F.E., Roth, R.H.: The biochemical basis of neuropharmacology. 4. Aufl. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1982Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Darwin, C.: The expression of the emotions in man and animals. London: John Murray 1872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davson, H., Segal, M.B.: Introduction to Physiology, Vol. 3, Chapter 4. „Control Mechanisms in the Alimentary Process“ pp. 276–403. London: Academic Press. New York: Grune & Stratton 1976Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Folkow, B., Neil, E.: Circulation. New York, London, Toronto: Oxford University Press 1971Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gabella, G.: Structure of the autonomic nervous system. London: Chapman and Hall 1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gilman, A.G., Goodman, L.S., Gilman, A.: Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 8. Auflage, New York: Macmillan Publ. Co., Inc. 1991/92Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guttmann, L.: Spinal cord injuries. 2. Aufl. Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Melbourne: Blackwell Scientific Publications 1976Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hall, R.D., Bloom, F.E., Olds, J.: Neuronal and neurochemical substrates of reinforcement. Neuroscience Research Program Bulletin, Cambridge, Mass.: Mit Press 1977Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Handbook of Physiology. Section 7: Endokrinology, Volume Vi: Adrenal Gland. Americal Physiological Society, Washington, D.C. 1975Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hess, W.R.: Die funktionelle Organisation des vegetativen Nervensystems. Basel: Benno Schwabe 1948Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jänig, W., Brooks, C. McC. The autonomic nervous system in health and disease: neurobiology and pathophysiology. J. auton. Nerv. Syst. 7, 193–415, 1983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Johnson, R.H., Spalding, J.M.K.: Disorders of the autonomic nervous system. Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Melbourne: Blackwell Scientific Publications 1974Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kandel, E.R., Schwartz, J.J., Jessel, T.M. (Eds.): Principles of neural science. 3. Aufl. Amsterdam, New York, Oxford: Elsevier Biomedical Press 1991Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kuschinsky, G., Lüllmann, H.: Kurzes Lehrbuch der Pharmakologie und Toxikologie. 12. Auflage. Stuttgart: Thieme 1989Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Levi, L. (Hrsg.): Emotions. Their parameters and measurement. New York: Raven Press 1975Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Livingstone, K.,W. Hornykiewicz (Hrsg.): Limbic mechanisms. New York, London: Plenum Press 1978Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Loewy, A.D., Spyer, K.M. (Eds.): Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions, New York Oxford: Oxford University Press 1990Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Maggi, C. (Ed.): Nervous Control of the Urogenital System. Vol. 2: The Autonomic Nervous System (Hrsg. G. Burnstock) Chur Schweiz: Harwood Academic Publishers 1993Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mason, S.T. Catecholamines and behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1984Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Masters, W.H., Johnson, V.E.: Die sexuelle Reaktion. rororo Taschenbuch Nr. 8032/33. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt 1970Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Morgane, P., Panksepp, J. (Hrsg.): Handbook of Hypothalamus. Vol. 1–3 New York: Marcel Dekker 1980/81Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nicholi, A.M., Jr. (Hrsg.): The Harvard guide to modern psychiatry. Cambridge (Massachusetts), London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1978Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Nieuwenhuys, R.: Chemoarchitecture of the brain. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer Verlag 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Nieuwenhuys, R., Voogd, J., Van Hujzen, Chr.: The human central nervous system. 3. Aufl. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nilsson, S.,: Autonomic nerve function in the vertebrates. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag 1983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Olds, J.: Drives and reinforcements. Behavioral studies of hypothalamic functions. New York: Raven Press 1977Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Reichlin, S., Baldessarini, R.J., Martin, J.B.: The hypothalamus. Research publication: Association for research in nervous and mental desease. Vol. 56. New York: Raven Press 1978Google Scholar

Einzel- und Übersichtsarbeiten

  1. 32.
    Bell, C.: Autonomic nervous control of reproduction: circulatory and other factors. Pharmacol. Rev. 24, 657–736 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 33.
    Bors, E., Comarr, A.E.: Neurological disturbances of sexual function with special reference to 529 patients with spinal cord injury. Urol. Survey 10, 191–222 (1960)Google Scholar
  3. 34.
    Chalmers, J.P. (Hrsg.): Control of blood pressure. Clinical and Exper. Hyper.-Theory and Practice A6, 1 & 2 (1984)Google Scholar
  4. 35.
    Flemming, W.W.,Westfall, D.P.: Adaptive supersensitivity. In: Trendelenburg, U., Weiner, N. (Hrsg.): Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Vol 90/I „Catecholamines I“, pp. 509559. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer Verlag 1988Google Scholar
  5. 36.
    Foote, S.L., Bloom, F.E., Aston-Jones, G.: Nucleus locus ceruleus: new evidence of anatomical and physiological specificity. Physiol. Rev. 63, 844–914 (1983)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 37.
    Furchtgott, R.F.: The classification of adrenoceptors (adrenergic receptors). An evaluation from the standpoint of receptor theory. In Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology Band XXXIII „Catecholamines“, Herausgeg. von Blaschko, H., Muscholl, E. pp 282–335, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer Verlag 1972Google Scholar
  7. 38.
    Gershon, M.D.: The enteric nervous system. Ann. Rev. Neurosci: 4, 227–272 (1981)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 39.
    Gloor, P.: Temporal lobe epilepsy: its possible contribution to the understanding of the functional significance of the amygdala and of its interaction with neocortical-temporal mechanisms. In: Eleftheriou, B.E. (Hrsg.): „The Neurobiology of the Amygdala“. pp. 423–457. New York: Plenum Press 1972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 40.
    Jänig, W.: Organization of the lumbar sympathetic outflow to skeletal muscle and skin of the cat hindlimb and tail. Rev. Physiol. Biochem. Pharmacol. 102, 119–213 (1985)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 41.
    Jänig, W.: Causalgia and reflex sympathetic dystrophy: in which way is the sympathetic nervous system involved? Trends in Neurosciences, 8, 471–477 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 42.
    Jänig, W., Mclachlan, E.M.: Organization of lumbar spinal outflow to the distal colon and pelvic organs. Physiol. Rev. 67, 1332–1404 (1987)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 43.
    Jänig, W., McLachlan, E.M.: Characteristics of function-specific pathways in the sympathetic nervous system. Trends in Neurosciences 15:475–481 (1992)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 44.
    Jänig, W., Schmidt, R.F. (Hrsg.): Reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical implications. Weinheim New York: VCH Verlagsgesellschaft (1992)Google Scholar
  14. 45.
    Karczmar, A.G., Koketsu, K., Nishi, S. (Hrsg.): Autonomic and Enteric Ganglia. New York, London: Plenum Press 1986Google Scholar
  15. 46.
    Klüver, H. Bucy, P.C.: Preliminary analysis of function of the temporal lobe in monkeys. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 42, 979–1000 (1939)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 47.
    Kuhn, R.A.: Functional capacity of the isolated human spinal cord. Brain 73, 1–51 (1950)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 48.
    Langer, S.Z.: Presynaptic regulation of the release of catecholamines. Pharmacol. Rev. 32, 337–362 (1981)Google Scholar
  18. 49.
    Levitzki, A.: Catecholamine Receptors. Rev. Physiol. Biochem. Pharmacol. 82, 1–26 (1978)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 50.
    MaClean, P.D.: Psychosomatic disease and the „visceral brain“. Recent developments bearing on the Papez theory of emotion. Psychosom. Med. 11, 338–353 (1949)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 51.
    MaClean, P.D.: The triune brain, emotion and scientific bias. In: Intensive Study Program in the Neurosciences. Neuroscienses Research Program. Chapter 23, pp. 336–349, New York: Rockefeller University Press 1970Google Scholar
  21. 52.
    Rushmer, R.F.: Structure and function of the cardiovascular system. Philadelphia, London, Toronto: Saunders 1972Google Scholar
  22. 53.
    Schuster, M.M., Mendeloff, A.I.: Motor action of rectum and anal sphincters in continence and defecation. In: Handbook of Physiology Section 6: Alimentary Canal. Volume IV: Motility. American Physiological Society Washington. D.C. pp. 2121–2145 (1968)Google Scholar
  23. 54.
    Snynder, S.H.: Neurotransmitters and CNS desease: schizophrenia. Lancet 2, 970–974 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 55.
    Starke, K.: Regulation of noradrenaline release by presynaptic receptor systems. Rev. Physiol. Biochem. Pharmacol. 77, 1–124 (1977)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 56.
    Szurszewski, J.H.: Physiology of mammalian prevertebral ganglia. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 43, 53–68 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Jänig

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations