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Instabilities and Fluctuations in Systems Far from Thermodynamic Equilibrium

  • H. Thomas
Part of the Springer Series in Electrophysics book series (SSEP, volume 2)

Abstract

Instabilities are phase-transition-like phenomena occurring in systems away from thermodynamic equilibrium, when the physical behaviour changes discontinuously at a critical value of an external control parameter. A phase transition in an equilibrium system is usually characterized by a softening of a normal mode, leading to bifurcation into a new phase of broken symmetry, and similar phenomena can occur in a nonequilibrium system. However, in contrast to systems in thermodynamic equilibrium, where some time-independent state exists for any value of the control parameter, in nonequilibrium systems breaking of time translation symmetry can give rise to a bifurcation into time-dependent “dynamical structures”.

Keywords

Normal Mode Rayleigh Number Couette Flow Stationary Convection Nonequilibrium System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Thomas
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikUniversität BaselBaselSwitzerland

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