Predator-Prey Dynamics in Spatially Structured Populations: Manipulating Dispersal in a Coccinellid-Aphid Interaction

  • Peter Kareiva
Part of the Lecture Notes in Biomathematics book series (LNBM, volume 54)


Naturalists have long recognized that populations change not only as a result of birth and death, but also as a result of individual movement (Elton 1949). Only within the last decade, however, have mathematical ecologists given much attention to dispersal. Nonetheless, because theoretical advances have proceeded so rapidly, mathematical investigations of dispersal’s involvement in population dynamics have raced far ahead of empirical studies (see Levin 1978 for a review of the theory). Consequently, whereas there is a plethora of models connecting dispersal and interspecific interactions, none of these models have been tested in the field. The dearth of empirical work addressing theory in this area is especially evident in the literature on predator-prey systems; Huffaker’s (1958) classic “orange-andmites” experiment, which was published a quarter of a century ago, is still the key inspiration for most models of predator-prey interactions in patchy environments (cf Maynard Smith 1974, Hilborn 1975, Gurney and Nisbet 1978, Hassell 1980). Much more exploratory empirical work is clearly needed, both for evaluating existing models and indicating new theoretical avenues.


Aphid Density Barrier Treatment Aphid Coloni Diffusive Instability High Aphid Density 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Kareiva
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Biology and MedicineBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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