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Acid—Base Disturbances

  • Paul Ellis Marik

Abstract

Look at the Paco2 and the HCO3 to determine whether they are in the normal range (Table 29–1). If abnormal go to Step 2, if normal go to Step 5.

Keywords

Metabolic Acidosis Short Bowel Syndrome Renal Tubular Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Bicarbonate Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected References

  1. 1.
    Kannan CR. Bicarbonate therapy in the management of severe diabetic ketoacidosis. Crit Care Med. 1999;27:2833–2834.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marik PE, Kussman BD, Lipman J, Kraus P. Acetazolamide in the treatment of metabolic alkalosis in critically ill patients. Heart Lung. 1991;20:455–459.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mazur JE, Devlin JW, Peters MJ, et al. Single versus multiple doses of acet- azolamide for metabolic alkalosis in critically ill medical patients: a randomized, double-blind trial. Crit Care Med. 1999;27:1257–1261.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Viallon A, Zeni F, Lafond P, et al. Does bicarbonate therapy improve the management of severe diabetic ketoacidosis? Crit Care Med. 1999;27: 2690–2693.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Ellis Marik
    • 1
  1. 1.Critical Care MedicineMercy Hospital of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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