• Paul Ellis Marik


Calculi in the common bile duct (choledocholithiasis) and alcohol account for 80% of cases of acute pancreatitis. Other conditions associated with pancreatitis include drugs, trauma, major abdominal surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, hypercalcemia, hyperlipidemia, and viral infections. In about 10% of cases of acute pancreatitis, no underlying cause can be identified. A number of studies suggest that about two thirds of these cases are related to small gallstones or biliary sludge.


Acute Pancreatitis Common Bile Duct Severe Acute Pancreatitis Common Bile Duct Stone Pancreatic Necrosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Ellis Marik
    • 1
  1. 1.Critical Care MedicineMercy Hospital of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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