Diseases of the Esophagus

Volume 3 of the series Handbuch der inneren Medizin pp 1-16

Anatomy and Embryology

  • G. Fransen
  • , P. Valembois

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The esophagus is a tube closed at both ends by sphincter mechanisms. Starting at the lower edge of the cricoid cartilage it forms the continuation of the pharynx, runs through the posterior mediastinum and the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm, and ends in the cardiac orifice of the stomach at the level of T 11.