Pharmacological Activities of Calcium Antagonists: Therapeutic Applications and Adverse Reactions

  • P. A. van Zwieten
Conference paper


Calcium antagonists or calcium entry blockers are considered to be a breakthrough in the drug treatment of cardiovascular disease, while their importance as tools in fundamental research is generally recognized as well. More recently, certain types of calcium antagonists have been studied as potentially useful drugs in the treatment of neurological disorders, such as migraine, cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, certain forms of vertigo, epilepsy, and subarachnoid hemorrhage.


Cerebral Ischemia Calcium Antagonist Sick Sinus Syndrome Calcium Entry Blocker Radioligand Binding Study 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. van Zwieten
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pharmacotherapy, Academic Medical CentreUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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