A sound anatomical knowledge is one of the pillars upon which accurate diagnosis must rest. The gross anatomy of the heart and its relationship to the lungs and other intrathoracic structures, while of fundamental importance, is outside the scope of this work. Only those features having a particular bearing on cardiac surgery will be mentioned. One point worth emphasizing is that the living anatomy of the heart as observed by the surgeon, often bears little resemblance to the formalin-hardened post-mortem specimens seen in museums or as illustrations in textbooks of anatomy.
KeywordsFatigue Cage Rubber Respiration Expense
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