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Infectious complications after urologic surgery usually follow a two-step pattern. The first step in urinary tract infection takes the form of a simple bladder infection. This may be symptomatic or asymptomatic, and the treatment is usually very effective. However, the infections secondary to this initial infection (in the form of bacteremia, septicemia, pyelonephritis, and wound infection) represent the real dangers to the patient. The twostep pattern is emphasized because patients with preoperatively infected urine have a much higher risk of acquiring a secondary infection. The incidence of infection is highly influenced by factors such as sex, age, type of instrumentation of the urinary tract, and general health condition. Because of wide inconsistencies in the literature, definitions and subsequent incidence of these infections are briefly discussed.
KeywordsUrinary Tract Infection Chlamydia Trachomatis Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Complicated Urinary Tract Infection Ureaplasma Urealyticum
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