Transformation of morphological, functional and metabolic properties of fast-twitch muscle as induced by long-term electrical stimulation

  • Dirk Pette
  • C. Heilmann
Conference paper


Transformation of structural, functional, metabolic and molecular characteristics is induced by stimulating fast-twitch muscles with the frequency pattern of a motoneuron normally innervating a slow-twitch muscle. These changes correspond to a transition of a “fast-white” into a “slow-red” muscle. Intermittent stimulation (8 h/d) does not affect the system but causes alterations of the sarcoplasmic reticulum which lead to changes in time to peak and half relaxation time. Continuous stimulation (24 h/d) induces a transformation of the muscle also at the level of the myosin system.

Transformation morphologischer, funktioneller und metabolischer Eigenschaften schneller Muskeln durch langdauernde elektrische Reizung


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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, Darmstadt 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Pette
    • 1
  • C. Heilmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich BiologieUniversität KonstanzKonstanzDeutschland

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