Introduction

  • K. S. Song
  • Richard T. Williams
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 105)

Abstract

This chapter introduces excitons phenomenologically through their optical spectra in examples chosen from semiconductors, condensed rare gases, ionic insulators, and organic molecular crystals. Evidence of self-trapping can be seen in some of the examples of emission spectra. Fundamental concepts of exciton theory in a rigid crystal lattice will be summarized briefly, with reference to original works and reviews for details. Then, the rigidity of the lattice will be relaxed. The electron-phonon and exciton-phonon interactions are reviewed together primarily within the continuum approximation, summarizing general criteria and properties of self-trapping as a prelude to more detailed atomistic treatments that follow for specific materials in later chapters.

Keywords

Zinc Quartz Dioxide Hydrocarbon GaAs 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Song
    • 1
  • Richard T. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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