Advertisement

The Pension System

  • Agneta Kruse
Conference paper
Part of the Population Economics book series (POPULATION)

Abstract

Public expenditure on consumption and transfers to households has increased dramatically in Sweden; from 33 per cent of GDP in 1970 to 52 per cent in 1992. The national pension system more than doubled in relation to GDP during the period, from 5 per cent to 12, thus being one of the most important factors underlying this expansion. Pensioners1 standards have been significantly improved, and pensioners collectively are today one of the groups with the lowest proportion of poor. The national pension system is the most important means of support for pensioners. This chapter gives a description of this system, its history and its design.

Keywords

Disability Pension Pension System Pension Benefit Basic Pension National Pension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bengtsson T, Kruse A (1992) Demographic Effects on the Swedish Pension System. IIASAWP-92–35.Google Scholar
  2. Bengtsson T, Kruse A (1994)Demographic Changes and Economic Growth in Pension Systems, with Sweden as an example. Included in Gonnot, Keilman, Prinz Social Security, Household and Family Dynamics in Aging Societies. In course of publication, Swets & Zeitlinger Förlag, Amsterdam and Lisse.Google Scholar
  3. Browning EK (1975) Why the Social Insurance Budget is too Large in a Democracy. Economic Inquiry, vol XIII.Google Scholar
  4. Cutler DM et al (1990) An Aging Society: Opportunity or Challenge? Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1:1990.Google Scholar
  5. Edebalk P-G (1991) Drömmen om ålderdomshemmet. Åldringsvård och socialpolitik 1900-1952. Meddelanden från Socialhögskolan, 1991:5.Google Scholar
  6. Edebalk P-G, Wadensjö E (1989) Arbetsmarknadsförsäkringar. Rapport till Expertgruppen för studier i offentlig ekonomi. Ds 1989:68.Google Scholar
  7. Elmér Å (1960) Folkpensioneringen i Sverige. Gleerup, Lund.Google Scholar
  8. Gonnot J-P (1994) Demographic Changes and the Pension Problem: Evidence from Twelve Countries. Included in Gonnot, Keilman, Prinz Social Security, Household and Family Dynamics in Aging Societies. In course of publication, Swets & Zeitlinger Förlag, Amsterdam and Lisse.Google Scholar
  9. Hagemann RP, Nicoletti G (1989) Population Ageing: Economic Effects and Some Policy Implications for Financing Public Pensions. OECD Economic Studies 12.Google Scholar
  10. Jonung C (1993) Yrkessegregeringen på arbetsmarknaden. Included in Kvinnors arbetsmarknad. 1990-talet — återtågets årtionde? Arbetsmarknadsdepartementet, Ds 1993:8.Google Scholar
  11. Jonung C, Persson I (1990) Kvinnans roll i ekonomin. Bilaga 23 till LU 90.Google Scholar
  12. Kruse A (1988) Pensionssystemets stabilitet. En samhällsekonomisk analys av värdesäkring och långsiktig stabilitet i det svenska pensionssystemet. SOU 1988:57Google Scholar
  13. Kruse A (1989) Demografi och pensioner. Included in Ohlsson R, Broomé P Generationseffekten. Befolkningsekonomiska problem. SNS FörlagGoogle Scholar
  14. Kruse A, Ståhlberg A-C (1992) Pensionerna i framtiden. Ekonomisk Debatt nr 4.Google Scholar
  15. Kruse A, Söderström L (1989) Early Retirement in Sweden. Included in Schmähl W (ed) Redefining the Process of Retirement Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  16. Marchand M Pestieau P (1991) Public pensions: Choices for the future. European Economic Review 35.Google Scholar
  17. Palme J (1990) Pension Rights in Welfare Capitalism. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  18. RFV (1992) Socialförsäkringsstatistik. Fakta 1992.Google Scholar
  19. RFV Hur langt räcker pensionen? En analys av ålderspensionarers inkomstforhållanden år 1989. RFV redovisar 1992:6.Google Scholar
  20. Samuelson P (1958) An exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money. Journal of Political Economy.Google Scholar
  21. SCB (1989) Sveriges framtida befolkning. Prognos for åren 1989 — 2025. Demografiska rapporter 1989:1.Google Scholar
  22. SCB (1991) Sveriges firamtida befolkning. Prognos for åren 1991 — 2025. Demografiska rapporter 1991:1Google Scholar
  23. SCB (1992) Nationalräkenskaper 1980-1991. N 10 SM 9201.Google Scholar
  24. SOU 1990:76 Altaian pension. Huvudbetänkande från Pensiorisberedningen.Google Scholar
  25. StåWberg A-C (1993) Våra pensionssystem. SNS förlag.Google Scholar
  26. Verbon H (1993) Public pensions. The role of public choice and expectations. Journal of Population Economics, vol 6, no 2.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Agneta Kruse

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations