Postdenervation Muscular Changes in Facial Paralysis

  • A. Belal
Conference paper


Though facial paralysis is primarily manifested by weakness of the facial muscles, the study of denervation changes in these muscles has received little attention by researchers and clinicians working in this field. The present report reviews what happens in the facial muscles following facial paralysis of varying duration.


Facial Nerve Facial Muscle Facial Paralysis Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Centronuclear Myopathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abde-Baki F et al. (1987) The effect of denervation on facial muscles of rabbit and the role of electrotherapy: histological and electron microscopic study. Egypt J Otolaryngol 4: 25–32Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belal A (1982) Auricularis posterior muscle biopsy. Am J Otol 3: 216–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Belal A (1984) Muscle biopsy in facial palsy. In: Portmann M (ed) Proceedings of the 5th international symposium of the facial nerve, pp 194–197Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Belal A (1985) Structure of human muscle in facial paralysis: role of muscle biopsy. In: May M (ed) The facial nerve, pp 99–106Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crumley R (1982) Current status of muscle biopsy in facial paralysis. Facial paralysis study group. AAO, Dollars, TexasGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Densert O, Wersall J (1974) The morphology of middle ear muscles in mammals. In: Keidel WD, Neff WD (eds) Handbook of sensory physiology, vol 5. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hirayama M, Daly JF (1974) Ultrastructure of the middle ear muscles in the rabbit. I. Stapedius muscle. Acta Otolaryngol 77: 13–18Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Iwano F, Kituchi A, Koike Y (1984) Post-denervation changes in facial muscles in rats. Facial N Res Jpn 4: 61–63Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kawasaki K et al. (1986) Changes in the facial muscles of rats after denervation - biochemical and histological observation of myosin ATPase. Facial N Res Jpn 6: 54–56Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sahgal V, Hast MH (1986) Effect of denervation on primate laryngeal muscles: a morphologic and morphometric study. J Laryngol Otol 100: 553–560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Saito H, Kishimoto S, Furuta M (1981) Temporal bone findings in a patient with Möbius syndrome. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 90: 80–84PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schwarting S et al. (1984) Morphology of denervated human facial muscles. ORL 46: 248–256PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stennert H, Goebel H, Schwarting S, Schroder M (1984) Morphology of human mimic musculature. In: Portmann M (ed) Proceedings of the 5th international symposium of the facial nerve, pp 194–197Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sahashi M et al. (1990) Facial muscle involvement in chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia. Facial N Res Jpn 10: 92Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ylikoski JS, Hitselberger WE, House WF (1981) Degenerative changes in the distal stump of the severed human facial nerve. Acta Otolaryngol 92: 239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Belal

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations