Nonlinear Paleoclimatic Variability from Quaternary Records
Stable-isotope records from seven marine cores and one ice core provide invaluable information on the intricate behavior of the climatic system over time scales of 104 to 105 years. These records, in conjunction with a simple coupled climate model, help us understand major mechanisms of paleoclimatic variability. The time intervals covered by the records include the last glacial-interglacial cycle. In spite of the difference in the nature of the records, common features are revealed by advanced spectral-analysis tools. The dominant features are the presence of orbital frequencies, on the one hand, and a low number of internal degrees of freedom, on the other. The climatic system appears therefore to act on the Quaternary time scales considered as a forced nonlinear oscillator. The internal mechanisms giving rise to the aperiodic oscillations include ice-albedo feedback, precipitation-temperature feedback, and interactions between the ice sheets and the bedrock.
KeywordsDust Covariance Sedimentation Convolution Deuterium
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