How to Study Frontal Lobe Functions in Humans

  • B. Dubois
  • M. Verin
  • C. Teixeira-Ferreira
  • A. Sirigu
  • B. Pillon
Part of the Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences book series (NEUROSCIENCE)


Although it may be simplistic to regard the role of frontal lobes from a single perspective, there is more and more evidence that they are mainly involved in those cognitive functions, usually referred to as executive, which are needed for successful performance of complex tasks, namely: 1) analysis, sequential processing and holding on line of relevant information; 2) self-elaboration of plans in relation to specific contingencies; 3) adaptation to changes in environment; and 4) control of behavioral responses and evaluation of their pertinence. Generally speaking, the frontal cortex deals with all the processes needed for elaboration, control and execution of goaldirected behaviors (Fig. 1). Such behaviors require integration of both the subject’s own needs and information from the external world to maintain internal balance and to adapt to environmental contingencies.


Prefrontal Cortex Frontal Lobe Delay Response Frontal Lesion Reversal Task 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Dubois
    • 1
  • M. Verin
    • 1
  • C. Teixeira-Ferreira
    • 1
  • A. Sirigu
    • 1
  • B. Pillon
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Neurologie et INSERM-U 289Hopital Pitié-SalpêtrièreParis Cedex 13France

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