Visual Perception and Computer Graphics

  • John Lansdown
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 17)

Abstract

Pythagorus (BC 582–500) and his followers believed that sight was akin to the sense of touch and that light travelled outwards from the eye to ‘touch’ objects in order for us to see them. They thought that there was ‘fire’ within the eye and the Pythagorean, Theophrastus (BC 372 – 286), justified this view by observing that ‘when one is struck, [the inner fire] flashes out’. Plato (BC 428 – 348) believed that the internal fire and daylight came together in a special way to enable us to see. Aristotle (BC 384–322), on the other hand, rejected the idea of light emissions from the eye and felt that air was the necessary medium to complete the touching.

Keywords

Radar Retina Beach Blindness Valois 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 001.
    Polyak SL, The retina, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1941Google Scholar
  2. 002.
    Meyerhof M, The book of the ten treatises of the eye, ascribed to Hunain Ibn Ishaq, Government Press, Cairo, 1928Google Scholar
  3. 003.
    Koestler A, The watershed: a biography of Johannes. Kepler, Doubleday, New York, 1960Google Scholar
  4. 004.
    Crombie AC, Early concepts of the senses and the mind, Scientific American, May 1964 reprinted in (100) pp 8–16Google Scholar
  5. 005.
    Lindberg DC, Theories of vision from Al-Kindi to Kepler, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1976Google Scholar
  6. 006.
    Wald G, Eye and camera, Scientific American, August 1950 reprinted in (100) pp 94–103Google Scholar
  7. 007.
    Pritchard RM, Stabilised images on the retina, Scientific American, May 1964 reprinted in (100) pp 176–182Google Scholar
  8. 008.
    Hecht S, Schlaer S and Pirenne MH, Energy, quanta and vision, Jnl. Genl. Physiology, 1942 (25) pp 819–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 009.
    Barlow HB, Physiology of the retina, in (101) pp 102–113Google Scholar
  10. 010.
    Ratliff F, Mach bands: Quantitative studies on neural networks in the retina, Holden-Day, San Francisco, 1965Google Scholar
  11. 011.
    Bui-Tuong P, Illumination for computer-generated pictures, CACM, June 1971 (118) 6 pp 311–317Google Scholar
  12. 012.
    Gouraud H, Continuous shading of curved surfaces, IEEE Transactions on Computers, June 1971, (C-20) 6 pp 623–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 013.
    Gordon B, The superior collicus of the brain, Scientific American, December 1972 reprinted in (102)Google Scholar
  14. 014.
    Hubel DH and Wiesel TN, Brain mechanisms of vision, Scientific American, September 1979 reprinted in Morrison P (ed), The Brain, WH Freeman and Co, San Francisco, 1979 pp 84–96Google Scholar
  15. 015.
    Zeki S, The mosaic organisation of the visual cortex in the monkey, in Bellairs R and Gray EG (eds), Essays on the nervous system: a Festschrift for Professor JZ Young, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1974Google Scholar
  16. 016.
    Gross CG, Rocha-Miranda CE and Bender DB, Visual properties of neurons in inferotemporal cortex of the macaque, Jnl of Neurophysiology, 1972 (35) pp 96–111Google Scholar
  17. 017.
    Steinbuch K, Information processing in man, Proceedings IRE Intl Conference on human factors in electronics, Long Beach, Calif, 1962Google Scholar
  18. 018.
    Agoston GA, Colour theory and its applications in art and design, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979Google Scholar
  19. 019.
    Naka KI and Rushton Wah, S-potentials from colour units in the retina of fish (cyprinidae), Jnl of Physiology, 1966 (185) pp 536–555Google Scholar
  20. 020.
    Hering E, Outlines of a theory of the light sense, Hurvich LM and Jameson D (trans), Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, 1964Google Scholar
  21. 021.
    De Valois RL and KK, Neural coding of colour, Chapter 5 of 103, pp 117–166Google Scholar
  22. Rossotti H, Colour: Why the world isn’t grey, Penguin Books Ltd, Harmonsworth, 1983Google Scholar
  23. 022.
    Rossotti H, Colour: Why the world isn’t grey, Penguin Books Ltd, Harmonsworth, 1983Google Scholar
  24. 023.
    Trandis HC, Malpass RS, Davidson AR, Psychology and culture, Annual Review of Psychology, 1973 (24) pp 355–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 024.
    Berlin B and Kay P, Basic colour terms: their universality and evolution, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1969Google Scholar
  26. 025.
    Braddick OJ and Atkinson J, Higher functions in vision, Chapter 12 of 101, pp 212–238Google Scholar
  27. 026.
    Gibson JJ, Pictures, perspective and perception, Daedalus, 1960 (89) pp 216–227Google Scholar
  28. 027.
    Gibson JJ, The senses considered as perceptual systems, George Allen and Unwin, London, 1968Google Scholar
  29. 028.
    Bruce V and Green P, Visual perception: Physiology, psychology and ecology, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, London 1985Google Scholar
  30. 029.
    Gibson JJ, The information available in pictures, Leonardo, 1971 (4) 1 pp 27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 030.
    Rogers S, Representation and reality: Gibson’s concept of information and the problems of pictures, Unpublished PhD thesis, Royal College of Art, 1985Google Scholar
  32. 031.
    Dodwell PC, Contemporary theoretical problems in seeing, Chapter 3 of 103, pp 57–77Google Scholar
  33. 032.
    Marr D, Vision: a computational investigation into human representation and processing of visual information, WH Freeman and Co, San Francisco, 1982Google Scholar
  34. 033.
    Tsotstos JK, Motion: representation and perception, Computer Graphics, Jan 1984 (18) 1 pp 7–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 034.
    Neisser U and Beklen R, Selective looking: Attending to visually specified events, Cognitive Psychology, 1974 (7) pp 480–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 035.
    Yarbus AL, Eye movements and vision, Plenum Press, New York, 1967Google Scholar
  37. 036.
    Cooper RM, The control of eye fixation by the meaning of spoken language, Cognitive Psychology, 1974 (6) pp 84–107Google Scholar
  38. 037.
    Mackworth NH and Morandi AJ, The gaze selects informative details within pictures, Perception and Psychophysics, 1967 (2) pp 547–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 038.
    Antes JR, The time course of picture viewing, Jnl of Experimental Psychology, 1974 (103) pp 62–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 039.
    Loftus GR and Mackworth NH, Cognitive determinants of fixed location during picture viewing, Jnl of Experimental Psychology: Human perception and performance, 1978 (4) pp 565–572Google Scholar
  41. 040.
    Spoehr KT and Lehmkuhle SW, Visual information processing, WH Freeman and Co, San Francisco, 1982Google Scholar
  42. 041.
    Attneave F, Some informational aspects of visual perception, Psychological Review, 1954 (61) pp 183–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 042.
    Zusne L, Visual perception of form, Academic Press, New York 1970Google Scholar
  44. 043.
    Tsotsos JK, Knowledge of the visual process: content, form and use, Proceedings Intl. Conference on Pattern Recognition, IEEE 1982, (2), pp 654–699Google Scholar
  45. 044.
    Boreham D, Man-computer perception of pictorial characteristics in unstructured grey-scale raster images, Unpublished PhD thesis, Royal College of Art, May 1983Google Scholar
  46. 045.
    Marcus A, Computer-assisted chart making from the graphic designer’s perspective, Computer Graphics, July 1980, (14), 3, pp 247–253Google Scholar
  47. 046.
    Hochberg JE, Perception ( 2nd edition ), Prentice-Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs NJ, 1978.Google Scholar
  48. 047.
    Blakemore C, The baffled brain, in Illusion in nature and art, Gregory, RL and Gombrich, EH (eds), G Duckworth and Co, London, 1973Google Scholar
  49. 048.
    Cowlishaw M, Fundamental requirements for picture presentation, IBM UK Scientific Centre, Winchester, 1984Google Scholar
  50. 049.
    Deregowski JB, Illusions, patterns and pictures: a cross-cultural perspective, Academic Press, London, 1980Google Scholar
  51. 050.
    Watson AS, A Riemann geometric explanation of the visual illusions and figural after-effects, in Leeuwenberg E and Buffar H (eds), Formal theories of visual perception, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978Google Scholar
  52. 051.
    Chiang C, A new theory to explain geometric illusions produced by crossing lines, Perceptual Psychophysics, 1968 (3) pp 172–176Google Scholar
  53. 052.
    Coren S and Girgus J, Visual illusions, in Held R, Leibowitz H, and Teuber H (eds), Handbook of Sensory Physiology: Perception, Vol VIII, pp 540–567, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978Google Scholar
  54. 053.
    Kaufman L, Sight and mind: an introduction to visual perception, Oxford University Press, New York, 1974Google Scholar
  55. 100.
    Held R and Richards W, Perception: mechanisms and models, Readings from Scientific American, WH Freeman and Co, San Francisco, 1972Google Scholar
  56. 101.
    Barlow HB and Mollon JD, The senses, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1982Google Scholar
  57. 102.
    Held R and Richards W (eds), Recent progress in perception, WH Freeman, San Francisco, 1973Google Scholar
  58. 103.
    Cartarette EC and Friedman MP (eds), Handbook of perception: Vol V: Seeing, Academic Pres, New York, 1975Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Lansdown
    • 1
  1. 1.System Simulation LtdLondonUK

Personalised recommendations