Functional Anatomy of the Cruciate Ligaments

  • N. F. Friederich
  • W. R. O’Brien


The cruciate ligaments are the nucleus of knee joint kinematics (We. Müller 1977). In addition, they are the primary restraints to anterior-posterior translation of the tibia (Butler et al. 1980). Their momentary biomechanical efficiency depends on the flexion angle of the knee joint, because their functional angle of insertion on the tibial plateau varies with the degree of knee flexion.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Cruciate Ligament Knee Flexion Posterior Cruciate Ligament Drill Hole 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. F. Friederich
  • W. R. O’Brien

There are no affiliations available

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