Synthetic Augmentation of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repairs and Reconstructions
New discoveries in the functional anatomy of the knee joint and the pathophysiology of ligament healing have influenced and significantly altered the surgical management of acute ligamentous injuries and chronic knee instabilities. For example, we now know the critical importance of cruciate ligament isometry and the major significance of early functional rehabilitation after surgery. Early functional therapy contributes to the rapid restoration of joint motion while preventing or reducing cartilaginous and muscular morbidity. This type of therapy can be instituted at low risk if the cruciate ligament reconstruction has been reinforced by a concomitant synthetic augmentation to create an “internal splint.”
KeywordsAnterior Cruciate Ligament Cruciate Ligament Tibial Tunnel Pivot Shift Bone Tunnel
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