Shape Optimization of Engineering Components by Adaptive Biological Growth
Biological load carriers always grow into a shape whereby a constant stress can be found everywhere along the surface of the biological component for the most significant natural loading applied. This avoids local stress peaks and therefore pre-defined failure points in the design. This mechanism of adaptive growth is copied by the so called CAO-method (Computer Aided Optimization). The method is briefly described and the shape optimization of a tree fork illustrates the adaptive growth. Furthermore a rubber bearing, a bending bar with rectangular window as well as a joint of metal sheets are shape-optimized as engineering examples. In cases where the design proposal which the CAO-method starts from cannot be guessed easily, an oversized rough proposal can be analysed by FEM. After cutting off unloaded parts, the remaining structure can then be used as a starting design for CAO.
KeywordsShape Optimization Rectangular Window Notch Stress Rubber Bearing Biological Growth
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