Hand Cultivation with Intensification

  • Christian J. M. G. Pieri
Part of the Springer Series in Physical Environment book series (SSPENV, volume 10)


The systems described here are based on quite elementary improvements introduced in taking the second step in the change from shifting cultivation to a settled system. They comprise:
  • An orderly crop rotation without fallow;

  • Selected planting material;

  • More generous fertilizer treatment (above 200 kg/ha) using concentrated materials (urea, ammonium phosphate, muriate of potash) applied in the early stages to the cash crop and later to all crops.

  • Better pest, disease, and weed control;

  • Traditional manual methods for soil preparation and treatment of crop residues which are removed from the field or burned.


Clay Permeability Maize Urea Acidity 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian J. M. G. Pieri
    • 1
  1. 1.CIRADMontpellier Cedex 1France

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